The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

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Glossotherium robustum (Owen, 1842)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Mylodon robustus Owen, 1842 (original combination); Eumylodon robustus (Owen, 1842); Glossotherium robustus (Owen, 1842)

 

Conservation Status

Last record: Late Pleistocene

 

Distribution

South America

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Owen, Richard. (1842). Description of the skeleton of an extinct gigantic sloth, Mylodon robustus, Owen, with observations on the osteology, natural affinities, and probable habits of the megatherioid quadruped in general: R. & J. E. Taylor, London, 176 pp.

 

Other references:

Arzani, H. et al. (2014). Primer Registro de Pelos Fósiles en [i]Glossotherium robustum[/i] (Xenarthra, Mylodontidae), Pleistoceno Tardío, Mercedes, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Ameghiniana 51(6): 585-590.

Bombin, M. (1976). Modelo paleoecológico evolutivo para o Neoquaternário da região da Campanha-Oeste do Rio Grande do Sul (Brasil), A Formação Touro Passo, seu conteúdo fossilífero e a pedogênese pós-deposicional: Comunicações do Museu de Ciências da PUCRS 15: 1-90.

Boscaini, Alberto et al. (2018a). Phylogenetic and functional implications of the ear region anatomy of [i]Glossotherium robustum[/i] (Xenarthra, Mylodontidae) from the Late Pleistocene of Argentina. The Science of Nature 105: 28. [Abstract]

Boscaini, Alberto et al. (2018b). Digital Cranial Endocasts of the Extinct Sloth [i]Glossotherium robustum[/i] (Xenarthra, Mylodontidae) from the Late Pleistocene of Argentina: Description and Comparison with the Extant Sloths. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10914-018-9441-1

Brambilla, Luciano and Ibarra, Damián A. (2018). The occipital region of late Pleistocene Mylodontidae of Argentina. Boletín del Instituto de Fisiografía y Geología 88: @-@.

Fariña, Richard A., Tambusso, P. Sebastián, Varela, Luciano, Czerwonogora, Ada, Di Giacoma, Mariana, Musso, Marcos, Bracco, Roberto and Gascue, Andrés. (2014). Arroyo del Vizcaíno, Uruguay: a fossil-rich 30-ka-old megafaunal locality with cut-marked bones. Proc. R. Soc. B 281(1774): 20132211.

Fariña, Richard A., Vizcaíno, Sergio F. and Bargo, María S. (1998). Body mass estimations in Lujanian (late Pleistocene-Holocene of South America) mammal megafauna. Mastozoología Neotropical 5(2): 87-108.

Gallo, V. et al. (2013). Distributional patterns of herbivore megamammals during the Late Pleistocene of South America. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. 85(2): 533-546.

De Iuliis, Gerardo, Cartelle, Cástor, McDonald, H. Gregory and Pujos, François. (2017). The mylodontine ground sloth [i]Glossotherium tropicum[/i] from the Late Pleistocene of Ecuador and Peru. Papers in Palaeontology 3(4): 613-636.

Kerber, Leonardo, Pitana, Vanessa Gregis, Ribeiro, Ana Maria, Hsiou, Annie Schmaltz and Oliveira, Edison V. (2014). Late Pleistocene vertebrates from Touro Passo Creek (Touro Passo Formation), southern Brazil: a review. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 31(2): 248-259.

McAfee R.K. 2009 Reassessment of the cranial characters of Glossotherium and Paramylodon (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Mylodontidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155(4), 885-903.

Oliveira, E. V. (1992). Mamíferos fósseis do Quaternário do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: Porto Alegre, Brasil, Programa de Pós Graduação em Geociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), M. Sc. thesis, 118 pp.

Pitana, V. G. (2011). Estudo do Gênero Glossotherium Owen, 1840 (Xenarthra, Tardigrada, Mylodontidae), Pleistoceno do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: Porto Alegre, Brasil, Programa de Pós Graduação em Geociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), M. Sc. thesis, 183 pp.

Pitana, V.G., Esteban, G.I., Ribeiro, A.M. & Cartelle, C. (2013). Cranial and dental studies of Glossotherium robustum (Owen, 1842) (Xenarthra: Pilosa: Mylodontidae) from the Pleistocene of southern Brazil. Alcheringa 2013: 1-16. [Abstract]

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Ubilla M., Perea D., Goso Aguilar C., Lorenzo N. 2004 Late Pleistocene vertebrates from northern Uruguay: tools for biostratigraphic, climatic and environmental reconstruction. Quaternary International 114(1), 129-142.

Varela, Luciano and Fariña, Richard A. (In Press, 2016). Co-occurrence of mylodontid sloths and insights on their potential distributions during the late Pleistocene. Quaternary Research. doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2015.11.009 [Abstract]

Varela, Luciano, Tambusso, P. Sebastián, Patiño, Santiago J., Di Giacomo, Mariana and Fariña, Richard A. (2017). Potential Distribution of Fossil Xenarthrans in South America during the Late Pleistocene: co-Occurrence and Provincialism. Journal of Mammalian Evolution. [Abstract]

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/16758/glossotherium-robustum

 

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