Porphyrio albus Shaw, Smith & Hunter, 1790:235
Lord Howe Island swamphen, Lord Howe swamphen, White swamphen, White gallinule, Lord Howe gallinule
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Porphyrio albus White, 1790:235 (incorrect attribution); Porphyrio albus Shaw, 1790:235 (incorrect attribution); Porphyrio porphyrio albus White, 1790; Porphyrio stanleyi Rowley, 1875; Notornis alba Shaw, Smith & Hunter, 1790:235; Fulica alba White, 1790:235; Porphyrio raperi Mathews, 1928; Notornis stanleyi Rowley, 1875:37; Porphyrio stanleyi Rowley, 1875:37
The authorship of Porphyrio albus is usually attributed solely to White or solely to Shaw, however according to ICZN rules the correct author attribution is "Shaw, Smith & Hunter, 1790" (McAllan & Bruce, 1989:27).
Last record: 1790 (BirdLife International, 2012); c.1844 (Hume & Walters, 2012:114)
IUCN RedList status: Extinct
Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, Australia
Biology & Ecology
Two skins, one in Vienna and the other in Liverpool (E. S. Hill, quoted in Paramonov, 1960:75; Greenway, 1967:245; Taylor & van Perlo 1998). There are also two paintings, by Thomas Watling and George Raper from 1788 and 1790, respectively (Day, 1981:86).
Original scientific description:
BirdLife International. (2012). Porphyrio albus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 25 November 2012.
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Etheridge, R. (1889). The general zoology of Lord Howe Island; containing also an account of the collections made by the Australian Museum Collecting Party, Aug.–Sept., 1887. Australian Museum Memoir 2(1): 1-42, plates iv–v.
Forbes, H. O. (1901). Note on Lord Stanley's Water Hen. Bulletin of Liverpool Museum 3(2): 62-68.
Fuller, Errol. (1988). Extinct Birds. New York: Facts on File Publications. 256 pp.
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Greenway James C. (1967). Extinct and Vanishing Birds of the World. American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, Special Publication no 13, 2nd edn. Dover Publications, New York.
Hill, Edward S. (1870). Lord Howe Island. Official visit by the Water Police Magistrate and the Director of the Botanic Gardens, Sydney; together with a description of the island. In: New South Wales Parliamentary Papers (Votes and Proceedings) 1: 635-654.
Hindwood, K. A. (1932). An historic diary: The journal of the voyage of the Lady Penrhyn 1787-89. Emu 32: 17-29.
Hindwood, Keith A. (1938). The extinct birds of Lord Howe Island. Australian Museum Magazine 6(9): 319-324.
Hindwood, K. A. (1940). The birds of Lord Howe Island. Emu 40: 1-86.
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White, John. (1790). Journal of a voyage to New South Wales with sixty-five plates of non descript animals, birds, lizards, serpents, curious cones of trees and other natural productions. London: J. Debrett.