The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Fulica newtoni Milne-Edwards, 1867 (1868?)

Mascarene coot, Mauritius coot



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Fulica newtonii Milne-Edwards, 1867 (1868?); Palaeolimnas newtoni Milne-Edwards, 1867


Conservation Status

Last record: Mauritius (1693) and Réunion (1672)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Mauritius & Réunion, Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Milne-Edwards, A. (1867). Mémoire sur une espéce éteinte du genre Fulica. Annales des Sciences Naturelles – Zoologie et Paléontologie 5(8): 195-220.


Other references:

BirdLife International. (2012). Fulica newtoni. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. ( Downloaded on 13 March 2013.

Brodkorb, Pierce and Dawson, Elliot W. (1962). Nomenclature of Quaternary Coots from Oceanic Islands. The Auk 79(2): 267-269.

Cheke, Anthony S. (1987). An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. In: Diamond, A.W. (ed.), Studies of Mascarene island birds, pp. 5-89. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Cheke, Anthony S. (2013). Extinct birds of the Mascarenes and Seychelles - a review of the causes of extinction in the light of an important new publication on extinct birds. Phelsuma 21: 4-19.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Hume, Julian Pender. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: An Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion & Rodrigues. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 464 pp.

Cowles, Graham S. (1987). The fossil record, pp. 90-100. In: Diamond, A. W. (ed.). Studies of Mascarene Island Birds. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Cowles, G. S. (1994). A new genus, three new species and two new records of extinct Holocene birds from Réunion Island, Indian Ocean. Geobios 27(1): 87-93.

Dubois, 'Le Sieur'. (1674). Les voyages faits par le Sieur D.B. aux Îsles Dauphine ou Madagascar et Bourbon ou Mascarenes, és années 1669, 1670, 1671, 1672. Paris.

Günther, A. and Newton, Edward. (1879). The Extinct Birds of Rodriguez. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 168: 423-437, plates 41-43.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2013). A synopsis of the pre-human avifauna of the Mascarene Islands, pp. 195-237. In: Göhlich, U.B. & Kroh, A. (eds.). Proceedings of the 8th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution. Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2019). Systematics, morphology and ecology of rails (Aves: Rallidae) of the Mascarene Islands, with one new species. Zootaxa 4626(1): 1-107. [Abstract]

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Leguat, F. (1708). Voyage et aventures de Francois Leguat et des ses compagnons en deux isles desertes des Indes Orientales. 180 pp. London (David Mortier, Marchand Làbraire).

Livezey, Bradley C. (1998). A phylogenetic analysis of the Gruiformes (Aves) based on morphological characters, with an emphasis on the rails (Rallidae). Phil.Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 353: 2077-2151.

Lougnon, A. (1970). Sous la signe de la tortue. Voyages anciens à l'Ile Bourbon (1611-1725). Third edition. Saint-Denis: Self published.

Mourer-Chauviré, C., Bour, R., Ribes, S. & Moutou, F. (1999). The Avifauna of Réunion Island (Mascarene Islands) at the time of the arrival of the first Europeans. In: Olson, S. (ed): Avian Paleontology at the Close of the 20th Century: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, Washington, D.C., 4-7 June 1996. Smithsonian contributions to paleobiology 89: 1-38.

Newton, E. and Gadow, H. (1893). On additional bones of the dodo and other extinct birds of Mauritius Obtained by Mr. Theodore Sauzier. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, 13, part 7(1): 281-302, plates 33-37.

Olson, Storrs L. (1977). A synopsis on the fossil Rallidae, pp. 509-525. In: Ripley, D. S. Rails of the world: A monograph of the family Rallidae. Boston: Codline.


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