The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Stephanorhinus hemitoechus Falconer, 1859

Narrow-nosed rhinoceros

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Dicerorhinus hemitoechus Falconer, 1859; Rhinoceros hemitoechus Falconer, 1859

 

Conservation Status

Last Record: Late Pleistocene

 

Distribution

Europe

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Álvarez-Lao, D. J.: Middle Pleistocene large-mammal faunas from North Iberia: palaeobiogeographical and palaeoecological implications. Boreas. 10.1111/bor.12148. ISSN 0300-9483. [Abstract]

Azzaroli, A. (1962). Validità della specie Rhinoceros hemitoechus Falconer. Paleontographia Italica 57: 21-34.

Bedetti C., Pavia M., Sardella R. (2004) - Nuovi dati sull'associazione a vertebrati fossili del Pleistocene superiore di San Sidero, Maglie (Puglia, SE Italia). IV giornate di Paleontologia (2004), 21-23 maggio 2004, Bolzano, 12.

Billia, E.M.E., 2008. Revision of the fossil material attributed to Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis (Jäger 1839) (Mammalia, Rhinocerotidae) preserved in the museum collections of the Russian Federation. Quat. Int. 179: 25-37.

Bologna P., Di Stefano G., Manzi G., Petronio C., Sardella R., Squazzini E. (1994) - Late Pleistocene mammals from the Melpignano (LE) «Ventarole»: preliminary analysis and correlations. Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 33(2): 265-274.

Cardini L. (1958b) - Prime determinazioni delle ventarole ossifere di S. Isidoro e Melpignano, Maglie. Quaternaria, 5, 315-318.

Cerdeño, E. (1990). [i]Stephanorhinus hemitoechus[/i] (Falc.) (Rhinocerotidae, Mammalia) del Pleistoceno Medio y Superior de España. Estudios Geologicos 46(5-6): 465-479.

CigalaI Fulgosi, F. (1976). Dicerorhinus hemitoechus (Falconer) del post-Villafranchiano fluvio lacustre del T. Stirone (Salsomaggiore, Parma). Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana 15(1): 59-72.

Faith, J. Tyler. (2014). Late Pleistocene and Holocene mammal extinctions on continental Africa. Earth-Science Reviews 128: 105-121.

Farina, Simone. (2016). Catalogue of the late Pleistocene-Holocene fossil mammalian collection from “Canale delle Acque Alte (Canale Mussolini)” (Natural History Museum, University of Pisa). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A, 123: 47-53, 3 figs.

Fortelius, Mikael, Mazza, Paul and Sala, Benedetto. (1993). Stephanorhinus (Mammalia: Rhinocerotidae) of the western European Pleistocene, with a revision of S. etruscus (Falconer, 1868). Plaeontographia Italica 80: 63-155.

Fortelius, Mikael and Poulianos, N. A. (1978). Dicerorhinus cf. hemitoechus (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) from the Middle Pleistocene Cave at Petralona-Chalkidiki (N. Greece). Preliminary report. Anthropos 5: 15-43.

Geraads, D., 2010. Rhinocerotidae. In: Werdelin, L., Sanders, W.J. (Eds.), Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. University of California Press, Berkeley, pp. 669–683.

Gatta, Maurizio, Kotsakis, Tassos et al. (2019). The Late Pleistocene faunal assemblage from Cava Muracci (Latium, Italy): Palaeoenvironmental implications for coastal central Italy during MIS 3. Comptes Rendus Palevol 18: 51-71.

Jacobs, Z., Roberts, R.G., Nespoulet, R., El Hajraoui, M.A., Debénath, A., 2012. Single-grain OSL chronologies for Middle Paleolithic deposits at El Mnasra and El Harhoura 2, Morocco: implications for Late Pleistocene human–environment interactions along the Atlantic coast of northwest Africa. J. Hum. Evol. 62: 377-394.

Kahlke, Ralf-Dietrich and Kaiser, Thomas M. (2011). Generalism as a subsistence strategy: advantages and limitations of the highly flexible feeding traits of Pleistocene Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis (Rhinocerotidae, Mammalia). Quaternary Science Reviews 30(17-18): 2250-2261. [Abstract]

Mashkour M., Monchot H., Trinkaus E., Reyss J.L., Biglari F., Bailon S., Heydari S., Abdi K. 2009 Carnivores and their prey in the Wezmeh Cave (Kermanshah, Iran): a Late Pleistocene refuge in the Zagros. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19(6), 678-694.

Michel, P., Campmas, E., Stoetzel, E., Nespoulet, R., Abdeljalil El Hajraoui, A., Amani, F., 2009. La macrofaune du Pléistocène supérieur d'El Harhoura 2 (Témara, Maroc): données préliminaires. Anthropologie 113: 283-312.

Mirigliano G. (1941) - Avanzi di vertebrati quaternari di Melpignano (Lecce). Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, S. III, 2 (4), 1-46.

Moigne, Anne-Marie, Valensi, Patricia, Auguste, Patrick, García-Solano, José, Tuffreau, Alain, Lamotte, Agnès, Barroso, Cecilio and Moncel, Marie-Hélène. (2016). Bone retouchers from Lower Palaeolithic sites: Terra Amata, Orgnac 3, Cagny-l'Epinette and Cueva del Angel. Quaternary International 409: 195-212.

Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (2001). Human/carnivore interaction in the Middle Pleistocene of Latium (Central Italy): an open question, pp. 67-75. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Nespoulet, R., El Hajraoui, M.A., Amani, F., Ben Ncer, A., Debénath, A., El Idrissi, A., Lacombe, J.-P., Michel, P., Oujaa, A., Stoetzel, E., 2008. Palaeolithic and Neolithic occupations in the Temara region (Rabat, Morocco): recent data on hominin contexts and behavior. Afr. Archaeol. Rev. 25: 21-39.

Pandolfi, Luca. (2011). Il cranio di Stephanorhinus hemitoechus (Falconer, 1859) di Fosso Malafede (Vitinia, Roma) con note sulla prima presenza della specie in Italia. Il Quaternario 24(2): 171-178.

Pandolfi, Luca, Boscato, Paolo, Crezzini, Jacopo, Gatta, Maurizio, Moroni, Adriana, Rolfo, Mario and Tagliacozzo, Antonio. (2017). Late Pleistocene last occurences of the narrow-nosed rhinoceros [i]Stephanorhinus hemitoechus[/i] (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) in Italy. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia (Research in Paleontology and Stratigraphy) 123(2): 177-192.

Pandolfi, Luca, Gaeta, Mario and Petronio, Carmelo. (2012). The skull of [i]Stephanorhinus hemitoechus[/i], paleobiogeography, biochronology, Middle Pleistocene, Campagna Romana, Sabatini Volcanic District. Bulletin of Geosciences 88(1): 51-62.

Pandolfi, Luca and Marra, Fabrizio. (In Press, 2015). Rhinocerotidae (Mammalia, Perissodactyla) from the chrono-stratigraphically constrained Pleistocene deposits of the urban area of Rome (Central Italy). Geobios. doi:10.1016/j.geobios.2015.02.003 [Abstract]

Pandolfi, Luca and Petronio, Carmelo. (2011). The small-sized rhinoceroses from the Late Pleistocene of Apulia (southern Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 117(3): 509-520.

Pandolfi, Luca and Tagliacozzo, Antonio. (2015). Stephanorhinus hemitoechus (Mammalia, Rhinocerotidae) from the Late Pleistocene of Valle Radice (Sora, Central Italy) and re-evaluation of the morphometric variability of the species in Europe. Geobios 48(2): 169-191. [Abstract]

Pushkina D. 2007 The Pleistocene easternmost distribution in Eurasia of the species associated with the Eemian Palaeoloxodon antiquus assemblage. Mammal Review 37(3), 224-245.

Raynal, J.-P., Amani, F., Geraads, D., Graoui, M., Magoga, L., Texier, J.-P., 2008. Felids Cave, a new Upper Pleistocene Palaeolithic site at Casablanca (Morocco). Anthropologie 112: 182-200.

Scott, K. (2001). Late Middle Pleistocene Mammoths and Elephants of the Thames Valley, Oxfordshire, pp. 247-254. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Soto, E., Sesé, C., Pérez-González, A. and Santonja, M. (2001). Mammal fauna with Elephas (Palaeoloxodon) antiquus from the lower levels of Ambrona (Soria, Spain), pp. 607-610. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Stewart J.R. 2007 Neanderthal extinction as part of the faunal change in Europe during Oxygen Isotope Stage 3. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia - Series A: Vertebrata 50(1-2), 93-124.

Tsoukala, Evangelia and Guérin, Claude. (2016). The Rhinocerotidae and Suidae of the Middle Pleistocene from Petralona Cave (Macedonia, Greece). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica 68(2): 243-264.

van Asperen, Eline N. and Kahlke, Ralf-Dietrich. (2015). Dietary variation and overlap in Central and Northwest European Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis and S. hemitoechus (Rhinocerotidae, Mammalia) influenced by habitat diversity: “You'll have to take pot luck!” (proverb). Quaternary Science Reviews 107: 47-61. [Abstract]

Welker F, Smith GM, Hutson JM, Kindler L, Garcia-Moreno A, Villaluenga A, Turner E, Gaudzinski-Windheuser S. (2017). Middle Pleistocene protein sequences from the rhinoceros genus Stephanorhinus and the phylogeny of extant and extinct Middle/Late Pleistocene Rhinocerotidae. PeerJ 5: e3033.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/21540/stephanorhinus-hemitoechus

 

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