The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis Lesson, 1838:514

Indian Javan rhinoceros



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rhinoceros inermis Lesson, 1838:514


Conservation Status

Last Record: before 1925


IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Northeastern India, Bangladesh and Myanmar












Original scientific description:

Lesson, R. P. (1838). Complément de Buffon. Deuxieme edition. Races humaines et mammifères. P. Pourrat Frères, Éditeus, Paris, France.


Other references:

Groves, Colin P. and Leslie Jr., David M. (2011). Rhinoceros sondaicus (Perissodactyla: Rhinocerotidae). Mammalian Species 43(887): 190-208.

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp. [relevant reference?]

Loch, C. W.. (1937). Rhinoceros sondaicus. The Javan or lesser one-horned rhinoceros and its geographical distribution. J. Malay. Brch. R. Asiat. Soc. IS 1937: 130-149.

Margaryan, Ashot et al. (2020). Recent mitochondrial lineage extinction in the critically endangered Javan rhinoceros. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:

Rookmaaker, Kees. (1997). Records of the Sundarbans Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis) in India and Bangladesh. Pachyderm, No. 24, Jul-Dec 1997.

Rookmaaker, Kees. (2019). The hornless rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis Lesson, 1836) discovered by Lamare-Picquot in the Sundarbans of Bangladesh in 1828, with notes on the history of his Asian collections. Mammalia. DOI: [Abstract]

van Strien, N.J., Steinmetz, R., Manullang, B., Sectionov, Han, K.H., Isnan, W., Rookmaaker, K., Sumardja, E., Khan, M.K.M. & Ellis, S. (2008). Rhinoceros sondaicus. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.2. ( Downloaded on 12 June 2012.