The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Coelodonta antiquitatis Blumenbach, 1799

Woolly rhino(ceros)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Rhinoceros tichorhinus Cuvier, 1812; Rhinoceros manchuricus Ishijima, 1939; Gryphus antiquitatus Blumenbach, 1799; Coelodonta jacuticus Russanov, 1968; Coelodonta antiquitatis pristinus; Coelodonta antiquitatis humilis

 

Conservation Status

Last record: Late Pleistocene

 

Distribution

Eurasia

 

An isolated record from the Holocene of China exists (Chia & Wei, 1980). However, it has not been widely accepted.

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

UHMP 43 (nasal horn)

 

Media

 

 

References

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Álvarez-Lao, Diego J. and García, Nuria. (2011). Southern dispersal and Palaeoecological implications of woolly rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis): review of the Iberian occurrences. Quaternary Science Reviews 30(15-16): 2002-2017. [Abstract]

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Chia, L. P. and Wei, Q. (1980). Some animal fossils from the Holocene in N. China. Verterb. PalAsiatica 18(4): 327-333. (in Chinese with English summary) [a possible Holocene record of C. antiquitatus]

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Diedrich, Cajus G. (2006). By ice age spotted hyenas protracted, cracked, nibbled and chewed skeleton remains of Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) from the Lower Weichselian (Upper Pleistocene) open air prey deposit site Bad Wildungen-Biedensteg (Hessia, NW Germany). Journal of Taphonomy 4(4): 173-205.

Diedrich, Cajus G. (2008a). A skeleton of an injured Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach 1807) from the Upper Pleistocene of north-western Germany. Cranium 25-1: 1-16.

Diedrich, Cajus G. (2008b). Eingeschleppte und benagte Knochenreste von Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) aus dem oberpleistozänen Fleckenhyänenhorst Perick-Höhlen im Nordsauerland (NW Deutschland) und Beitrag zur Taphonomie von Wollnashornknochen in Westfalen. Mitteilungen der Höhlen und Karstforscher 2008(4): 100-117.

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JunXia, Yuan, GuiLian, Sheng, XinDong, Hou, XiaoYan, Shuang, Jian, Yi, Hong, Yang and XuLong, Lai. (2014). Ancient DNA sequences from Coelodonta antiquitatis in China reveal its divergence and phylogeny. Science China Earth Sciences 57(3): 388-396. [Abstract]

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