The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Hippidion devillei Gervais, 1855



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Onohippidium devillei Gervais, 1855; Onohippidium bolivianum Philippi, 1893; Scelidotherium compressum Philippi, 1893


Conservation Status

Last record: Late Pleistocene



Argentina & Bolivia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:



Other references:

M. T. Alberdi and J. L. Prado. 1993. Review of the genus Hippidion Owen, 1869 (Mammalia: Perissodactyla) from the Pleistocene of South America. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 108(1):1-22.

Alberdi M.T., Prado J.L. 1998 Comments on: Pleistocene horses from Tarija, Bolivia, and validity of the genus Onohippidium (Mammalia: Equidae), by B. J. MacFadden. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18(3), 669-672.

L. Dos Santos Avilla, C. Bernardes, and D. Mothé. 2015. A new genus for Onohippidium galushai Macfadden and Skinner, 1979 (Mammalia, Equidae), from the late Hemphillian of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35(3):e925909

M. Boule and A. Thevenin. 1920. Mammiféres fossiles de Tarija.

Cartelle C., Iuliis G.D. 1995 Eremotherium laurillardi: The panamerican Late Pleistocene megatheriid sloth. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 15(4), 830-841.

G. de Iuliis. 2006. On the taxonomic status of Megatherium sundti Philippi, 1893 (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Megatheriidae). Ameghiniana 43(1):161-169

L. G. Marshall and P. Salinas Z. 1991. The Lorenzo Sundt collection of Pleistocene mammals from Ulloma, Bolivia in the Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Santiago, Chile. Fósiles y Facies de Bolivia - Vol. I Vertebrados 12(3-4):685-692

L. G. Marshall and T. Sempere. 1991. The Eocene to Pleistocene vertebrates of Bolivia and their stratigraphic context: a review. Fósiles y Facies de Bolivia - Vol. 1 Vertebrados (Revista Ténica de YPFB) 12(3-4):631-652.

Orlando L., Metcalf J.L., Alberdi M.T., Telles-Antunes M., Bonjean D., Otte M., Martin F., Eisenmann V., Mashkour M., Morello F., et al. 2009 Revising the recent evolutionary history of equids using ancient DNA. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences  of the United States of America 106(51), 21754-21759.

Prado, José L.; Bonini, Ricardo; Favier-Dubois, Cristian; Gómez, Gustavo N.; Steffan, Pamela; Alberdi, María T. (2019). Fossil horses from the Late Pleistocene of Tapalqué Creek (Buenos Aires Province, Argentina). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - Abhandlungen 294(3): 285-305. [Abstract]

Smith F.A., Lyons S.K., Ernest S.K.M., Jones K.E., Kaufman D.M., Dayan T., Marquet P.A., Brown J.H., Haskell J.P. 2003 Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84(12), 3403-3403.

Villavicencio, Natalia A., Corcoran, Derek and Marquet, Pablo A. (2019). Assessing the Causes Behind the Late Quaternary Extinction of Horses in South America Using Species Distribution Models. Front. Ecol. Evol. 7: 226.


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