The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Equus mexicanus Hibbard, 1955



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Equus midlandensis Quinn 1957; Onager oviedoi Mooser 1959


Conservation Status

Last record: Late Pleistocene



Mexico & New Mexico, USA


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Hibbard, C. W. (1955). Pleistocene vertebrates from the upper Becerra (Becerra Superior) Formation, Valley of Tequixquiac, Mexico, with notes on others Pleistocene forms: Museum of Paleontology University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 12(5): 47-96.


Other references:

Alberdi, María Teresa, Arroyo-Cabrales, Joaquín, Marín-Leyva, Alejandro H. and Polaco, Oscar J. (2014). Study of Cedral Horses and their place in the Mexican Quaternary. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas 31(2): 221-237.

Azzaroli, A. (1998). The genus Equus in North America: The Pleistocene species = Le genre Equus en Amérique du Nord - Les espèces du Pléistocène. Palaeontographia Italica 85: 1-60. [Abstract]

Bravo-Cuevas, Victor Manuel and Jiménez-Hidalgo, Eduardo. (2018). Advances on the Paleobiology of Late Pleistocene mammals from central and southern Mexico, pp. 277-313. In: Huard, Gaeten and Gareau, Jeannine (eds.). The Pleistocene: Geography, Geology, and Fauna. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Gidley, J.W., 1900, A new species of Pleistocene Horse from the Staked Plains of Texas: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 13, 111-116.

Leidy, J., 1865, Bones and teeth of horses from California and Oregon: Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 17, 94.

Leidy, J., 1868, Notice of some remains of Horses: Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 20, 195.

O. Mooser and W. W. Dalquest. 1975. Pleistocene mammals from Aguascalientes, central Mexico. Journal of Mammalogy 56(4):781-820


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