Pseudoscaphirhynchus hermanni Kessler, 1877

Dwarf sturgeon, Little Amu-Darya shovelnose, Little shovelnose sturgeon, Small Amu-dar shovelnose sturgeon


Pseudoscaphirhynchus hermani Severtzov, 1877; Scaphirhynchus hermanni Kessler, 1877; Pseudoscaphirhynchus rossikowi Nikolskii, 1900
Common Name
Last Record
April 1996
IUCN status
[url=https://www.iucnredlist.org/details/18600/0]Critically Endangered[/url]
TSE forum thread
The last confirmed record of this species was in April, 1996 when 3 specimens were caught; the first record in 15 years (Birstein, 1997). However, local poachers may still be catching this species (Mugue, 2009) and efforts should be made to confirm this as, if the species does still persist, there is still hope for a conservation program to save the species from extinction.
[b]Original Scientific Description:[/b]

Kessler, K. F. (1877). The Aralo-Caspian Expedition. IV. Fishes of the Aralo-Caspio-Pontine ichthyological region. Aralo-Caspian Exped. i-xxvii + 1-360.


Kessler, K. F. (1877). Fishes of the Aralo-Caspian-Pontine region. Trudy Aralo-Kaspiskoi Ekspeditsii 4: 160–196. [in Russian]


Birstein, Vadim J. (1997). Threatened fishes of the world: Pseudoscaphirhynchus spp. (Acipenseridae). Environ. Biol. Fish. 48: 381-383. [[url=https://www.springerlink.com/content/r7678l61407278w7/]Abstract[/url]]

Birstein, Vadim J., Doukakis, P. and DeSalle, R. (2002). [url=https://research.amnh.org/users/desalle/pdf/Birstein.2002.Copeia.pdf]Molecular Phylogeny of Acipenseridae: Nonmonophyly of Scaphirhynchinae[/url]. Copeia 2002(2): 287–301.

Kamilov, G. and Urchinov, Z. U. (1995). [url=https://www.fao.org/docrep/v9529e/v9529E03.htm]Fish and fisheries in Uzbekistan under the impact of irrigated agriculture[/url], p. 10-41. In: T. Petr (ed.). Inland fisheries under the impact of irrigated agriculture: Central Asia. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 894.

Kuhajda, B.R., R.L. Mayden, V.B. Salnikov and V.J. Birstein. (2000). Examination of intraspecific variation and life history characteristics of Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni and P. hermanni (Actinopterygii, Acipenseridae), central Asian sturgeon endemic to the Amu Darya River. p. 223-224. In Program book and abstracts. Joint (80th) meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpatologists (ASIH), American Elasmobranch Society (AES), Herpatologists League (HL), Neotropical Ichthyological Assoc. (NIA), SSAR, CAH.

Mugue, N. (2010). Pseudoscaphirhynchus hermanni. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 23 September 2012.

Nikolskii, A. M. (1900). Pseudoscaphirhynchus rossikowi n. gen. and spec. Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. Imp. Sci. St. Petersburg. 5: 257-260. [in Russian]

Salnikov, V. B, V. J. Birstein & R. L. Mayden. (1996). The contemporary status of the two Amu Darya River shovelnose sturgeons, Pseudoscaphirhynchus kaufmanni and P. hermanni. The Sturgeon Quarterly 4 (3): 10-14.

Zholdasova, I. (1997). Sturgeons and the Aral Sea ecological catastrophe. Environmental Biology of Fishes 48: 373-380.