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Scientific Name
Desmodus draculae
Author
Morgan, Linares & Ray, 1988
Synonym/s
Common Name/s
Giant vampire bat
Locality
Central and South America (Argentina?, Belize, Brazil)
Last Record
Subfossil
IUCN status
[url=http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/136451/0]Extinct[/url]
TSE Forum thread
http://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6533/desmodus-draculae-giant-vampire-bat
Hypodigm
Notes
This species is only known from sub-fossil remains, and may have survived into historical times. However, there is no evidence to back this up and it's extinction date is unknown. The IUCN has removed their assessment of this species (Turvey, 2008) in 2016, thus implying that it became extinct pre-1500.
References
[b]Original Scientific Description:[/b]

Morgan, G. S., Linares, O. J. and Ray, C. E. (1988). [url=http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34646609#page/946/mode/1up]New species of fossil vampire bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera: Desmodontidae) from Florida and Venezuela[/url]. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 101(4): 912-928.

[b]Species Bibliography:[/b]

Arroyo-Cabrales, J., and O.J. Polaco. (2008). Fossil bats from Mesoamerica. Arquivos do Museu Nacional 66: 155-160.

Arroyo-Cabrales, J., and C. E. Ray. (1997). Revisión de los vampiros fósiles (Chiroptera: Phyllostomidae, Desmodontinae) de México. In J. Arroyo Cabrales and O. J. Polaco (eds.) Homenaje al Profesor Ticul Álvarez, pp. 69-86. Colección Científica, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, México, D. F.

Cartelle, C. (1994). Tempo Passado. Mamíferos do Pleistoceno em Minas Gerais. Editora Palco, ACESITA [Assessoria de Comunicação da Compania Aços Especiais Itabira], Belo Horizonte, 131 pp.

Cartelle, C, and V. S. Abuhid. (1994). Chiroptera do Pleistoceno final-Holoceno da Bahia. Acta Geologica Leopoldensia 17: 429-440.

Czaplewski, N.J., and C. Cartelle. (1998). Pleistocene bats from cave deposits in Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Mammalogy 79: 784-803.

Czaplewski, N. J., J. Krejca, and T. E. Miller. (2003). [url=http://eprints.eriub.org/296/1/Czaplewski_et.al_2003.pdf]Late Quaternary bats from Cebada Cave, Chiquibul Cave System, Belize[/url]. Caribbean Journal of Science 39: 23-33.

Pardiñas, U. F. J. and Tonni, E. P. (2000). A giant vampire (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in the Late Holocene from the Argentinean pampas: paleoenvironmental significance. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 160(3-4): 213-221. [[url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018200000675]Abstract[/url]]

Trajano, E. and de Vivo, M. (1991). [i]Desmodus draculae[/i] Morgan, Linares, and Ray, 1988, reported for southeastern Brasil, with paleoecological comments (Phyllostomidae, Desmodontinae). [i]Mammalia[/i] [b]55(3)[/b]: 456-459.

Turvey, S. (2008). Desmodus draculae. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. (http//:www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 18 January 2011.

Waterton, C. (1825). [url=https://archive.org/details/wanderingsinsou05wategoog]Wanderings in South America[/url]. J. Mawman, London.
Acknowledgements