Primates (Monkeys, Apes, Lemurs, Lorises, Bushbabies etc.)

 

Suborder: Haplorhini/Haplorrhini (Dry-nosed Primates)

 

Infraorder: Simiiformes (Monkeys and Apes)

Family: Aotidae (Night or Owl Monkeys (Douroucoulis))

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Atelidae (Howler, Spider and Woolly Monkeys)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Caipora bambuiorum Cartelle & Hartwig, 1996 Giant spider monkey c.8,000 BC Brazil Extinct Access
Oreonax flavicauda (Humboldt, 1812) Peruvian yellow-tailed woolly monkey, Yellow-tailed woolly monkey (rediscovered) Peru Rediscovered Access
Protopithecus brasiliensis Lund, 1838 Brazilian monkey Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Brazil Extinct Access

 

Family: Callitrichidae (Marmosets and Tamarins)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Mico marcai Alperin, 1993 Marca's marmoset (rediscovered) Brazil Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Cebidae (Capuchins and Squirrel Monkeys)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Sapajus flavius (Schreber, 1774) Blond(e) capuchin, Marcgrave's capuchin monkey (rediscovered) Brazil Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Cercopithecidae (Old World Monkeys)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cercopithecus mitis mitis Wolf, 1822 Pluto monkey ? Angola Missing Access
Cercopithecus mitis schoutedeni Schwarz, 1928 Schouteden’s blue monkey (rediscovered) Democratic Republic of Congo Invalid? Access
Cercopithecus sclateri Pocock, 1904 Sclater's monkey, White-throated guenon, Sclater's guenon (rediscovered) Nigeria (southern) Rediscovered Access
Macaca robusta Young, 1934 - Late Pleistocene South Korea Extinct Access
Macaca sylvanus pliocena Owen, 1846 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Piliocolobus bouvieri de Rochebrune, 1887 Bouvier’s red colobus (rediscovered) Democratic Republic of Congo Rediscovered Access
Piliocolobus waldronae Hayman, 1936 Miss Waldron's red colobus monkey, Miss Waldron’s red colobus, Miss Waldron's bay colobus, Black and red colobus  January or February 1978 Côte d’Ivoire (=Ivory Coast) & Ghana Missing Access
Rhinopithecus avunculus (Dollman, 1912) Tonkin snub-nosed monkey (rediscovered) Vietnam Rediscovered Access


 

Family: Hominidae (Great Apes)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Gigantopithecus blacki von Koenigswald, 1935 Gigantopithecus c.100ka Asia Extinct Access
Homo erectus Dubois, 1892 - c.72ka Afro-Eurasia Extinct Access
Homo floresiensis Brown et. al., 2004 Hobbits 60kya (fossils); 50kya (stone artefacts) Flores, Indonesia Extinct Access
Homo neanderthalensis King, 1864 Neanderthals, Neandertals c.32ka Europe Extinct Access
Homo tsaichangensis McMenamin, 2015 - Late Pleistocene Taiwan Extinct if valid Access
Homo sp. nov. 'Denisovans' - Denisovans c.41ka? Russia Extinct Access
Homo sp. nov. 'Red Deer Cave People' - Red Deer Cave People Late Pleistocene-Holocene border China Extinct if valid Access
Homo sp. nov. 'Sulawesi' - - Late Pleistocene Sulawesi, Indonesia Extinct if valid Access
Homo sp. nov. 'Xujiayao (China)' - - Late Pleistocene northern China Extinct if valid Access
Pongo sp. [several taxa] - Orangutan Holocene China to Java, Indonesia Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Hylobatidae (Gibbons)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Hylobates lar yunnanensis Ma & Y. Wang, 1986 Yunnan white-handed gibbon, Yunnan lar gibbon 1988 or 1992 Yunnan Province, China Missing Access
Junzi imperialis Turvey et al., 2018 Imperial gibbon, Royal gibbon 2.2 ka China Extinct Access
Nomascus nasutus (Kunkel d'Herculais, 1884) Cao-vit gibbon, Eastern black crested gibbon (rediscovered) China & Vietnam Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Pitheciidae (Titis, Sakis and Uakaris)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Antillothrix bernensis (Rimoli, 1977) Hispaniolan monkey c.1850 BC Dominican Republic, Hispaniola Extinct Access
Insulacebus toussaintiana Cooke, Rosenberger & Turvey, 2011 La Hotte monkey Late Quaternary Hispaniola Extinct Access
Paralouatta varonai Rivero & Arredondo, 1991 Galeran monkey, Cuban monkey ? Cuba Extinct Access
Pithecia vanzolinii Hershkovitz, 1987 Vanzolini’s bald-faced saki (rediscovered) Acre & Amazonas states, Brazil Rediscovered Access
Xenothrix mcgregori Williams & Koopman, 1952 Jamaican monkey 1,477 ± 34 (cal BP) Jamaica Extinct Access

 

 

Infraorder: Tarsiiformes (Tarsiers)

Family: Tarsiidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Tarsius pumilus Miller & Hollister, 1921 Pygmy tarsier, Mountain tarsier (rediscovered) Sulawesi, Indonesia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Suborder: Strepsirrhini (Wet-nosed Primates)

Infraorder: Lemuriformes

Family: †Archaeolemuridae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Archaeolemur edwardsi Filhol, 1895 Greater monkey lemur Late Pleistocene or Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Archaeolemur majori Filhol, 1895 Lesser monkey lemur Late Pleistocene or Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access

 

Family: Cheirogaleidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Allocebus trichotis (Günther, 1875) Hairy-eared dwarf lemur (rediscovered) Madagascar Rediscovered Access
Cheirogaleus sibreei (Forsyth Major, 1894) Sibree's dwarf lemur (rediscovered) Madagascar Rediscovered Access
Microcebus myoxinus Peters, 1852 Peters’ mouse lemur, Pygmy mouse lemur, Western rufous mouse lemur (rediscovered) Madagascar Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Daubentoniidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Daubentonia madagascariensis (Gmelin, 1788) Aye-aye (rediscovered) Madagascar Rediscovered Access
Daubentonia robusta Lamberton, 1935 Giant aye-aye Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access

 

Family: Indriidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Propithecus diadema holomelas Günther, 1875 Diademed sifaka ? Madagascar Invalid (synonym) Access

 

Family: Lemuridae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Pachylemur insignis (Filhol, 1895) - ? Madagascar Extinct Access
Pachylemur jullyi (G. Grandidier, 1899) - ? Madagascar Extinct Access
Prolemur simus Gray, 1871 Greater bamboo lemur (rediscovered) Madagascar Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Lepilemuridae

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: †Megaladapidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Megaladapis edwardsi Grandidier, 1899 Edward's koala lemur Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Megaladapis grandidieri Standing, 1903 Grandidier's koala lemur Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Megaladapis madagascariensis Forsyth-Major, 1894 Madagascar koala lemur Holocene? Madagascar Extinct Access

 

Family: †Palaeopropithecidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Archaeoindris fontoynonti Standing, 1909 - Holocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Babakotia radofilai Godfrey et. al., 1990 Radofila's sloth lemur c.2,400 BC Madagascar Extinct Access
Mesopropithecus dolichobrachion Simons et al., 1995 Sloth lemur c.600 AD Madagascar Extinct Access
Mesopropithecus globiceps Lamberton, 1936 Sloth lemur ? Madagascar Extinct Access
Mesopropithecus pithecoides Standing, 1905 Sloth lemur ? Madagascar Extinct Access
Palaeopropithecus ingens G. Grandidier, 1899 Large sloth lemur c.1620? Madagascar Extinct Access
Palaeopropithecus kelyus Gommery et al., 2009 Lesser sloth lemur Late Pleistocene Madagascar Extinct Access
Palaeopropithecus maximus Standing, 1903 - Holocene? Madagascar Extinct Access

 

 

Infraorder: Lorisiformes

Family: Lorisidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Loris tardigradus nycticeboides Hill, 1942 Horton Plains slender loris, Ceylon Mountain slender loris, Highland slender loris, Montane slender loris (rediscovered) Horton Plains, Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province, Sri Lanka Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Galagidae

—No subordinate taxa