enfrdeitjaptrues

Proboscidea (Elephants, Mammoths and Mastodons)

 

Family: †Deinotheriidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Dinotherium australe (Owen, 1843) - Late Pleistocene? Australia Invalid (synonym) Access

 

 

Family: Elephantidae (Elephants and Mammoths)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Elephas antiquus Falconer & Cautley, 1847 Straight-tusked elephant c.48,000 BC Europe Extinct Access
Elephas chaniensis Symeonides, Theodorou and Giannopoulos, 2000 - Late Pleistocene? Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Elephas creticus Bate, 1907 Cretan dwarf elephant Late Pleistocene Crete, Greece Exinct Access
Elephas creutzburgi Kuss, 1965 Cretan dwarf elephant ? Crete, Greece Extinct Access
Elephas cypriotes Bate, 1903 Cyprus dwarf elephant c.9,000 BC Cyprus Extinct Access
Elephas falconeri Busk, 1867 Sicilian pygmy elephant ? Sicily, Italy Extinct Access
Elephas hysudricus Falconer & Cautley, 1845 - pre-Late Pleistocene? India and the Levant Extinct Access
Elephas iolensis Pomel, 1895 - Late Pleistocene Africa Extinct Access
Elephas maximus asurus Deraniyagala, 1950 Syrian elephant, Western Asiatic elephant 100 BC or before Mesopotamia and Syria Extinct Access
Elephas maximus buski Matsumoto, 1927 Honshu elephant, Busk's elephant ? Honshu, Japan Invalid (synonym) Access
Elephas maximus rubridens Deraniyagala, 1950 Chinese elephant 1300's BC China Extinct Access
Elephas maximus sondaicus Deraniyagala, 1953 Javan elephant ? Java (=Jawa), Indonesia Invalid? Access
Elephas tiliensis Theodorou et al. 2007 Tilos Island elephant, Tilos elephant Mid- or Late Holocene Tilos Island, Dodecanese Islands, Greece Extinct Access
Loxodonta africana pharaohensis Deraniyagala, 1948 Northern elephant, North African forest elephant, Carthaginian elephant, Atlas elephant Holocene Eritrea & Sudan Extinct Access
Mammuthus columbi Falconer, 1857 Columbian mammoth 10,710 ± 130 BP Americas Extinct Access
Mammuthus exilis Stock & Furlong, 1928 Channel Islands mammoth, Pygmy mammoth c. 9,000 BC Channel Islands (San Miguel, Santa Rosa, and Santa Cruz), California, USA Extinct Access
Mammuthus intermedius Jourdan, 1861 Intermediate mammoth Late Pleistocene Russia Extinct Access
Mammuthus jeffersoni Osborn, 1922 Jefferson mammoth Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Mammuthus lamarmorae Major, 1883 - Late Pleistocene Sardinia, Italy Extinct Access
Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach, 1799 Woolly mammoth Holocene Eurasia and North America Extinct Access
Mammuthus trogontherii Pohlig, 1885 Steppe mammoth Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access
Mammuthus sp. nov. 'Kotelny Island' - Golden mammoth Late Pleistocene Kotelny Island, Sakha Republic, Russia Extinct Access

Palaeoloxodon lomolinoi

van der Geer et al. 2014 Naxos elephant Late Pleistocene Naxos, Greece Extinct Access
Palaeoloxodon mnaidriensis (Adams, 1874) - Late Pleistocene Malta & Sicily Extinct Access
Palaeoloxodon namadicus Falconer & Cautley, 1846 Asian straight-tusked elephant Late Pleistocene India to Japan Extinct Access
Palaeoloxodon naumanni Makiyama, 1924 Naumann's elephant Late Pleistocene Japan Extinct Access

Palaeoloxodon sp. nov. 'Astypálaia'

- Astypálaia elephant Late Pleistocene? Astypálaia, Greece Extinct Access

Palaeoloxodon sp. nov. 'Kasos'

- Kasos elephant Late Pleistocene? Kasos, Greece Extinct Access

Palaeoloxodon sp. nov. 'Rhodes'

- Rhodes elephant Late Pleistocene Rhodes, Greece Extinct Access

 

 

Family: †Gomphotheriidae (Gompotheres)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Cuvieronius hyodon Fischer, 1814 - Late Pleistocene Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru Extinct Access
Cuvieronius tropicus Cope, 1884 Cuvier's gomphothere Late Pleistocene USA Extinct Access
Haplomastodon chimborazi Proaño, 1922 - Late Pleistocene South America Extinct if valid Access
Notiomastodon platensis (Ameghino, 1888) - early Holocene South America Extinct Access
Stegomastodon superbus Ameghino (year?) - Late Pleistocene South America Invalid (synonym) Access
Stegomastodon waringi Holland, 1920 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Brazil Extinct if valid Access

 

 

Family: †Mammutidae (Mastodons)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Mammut americanum Kerr, 1792 American mastodon 10,395 ± 100 yBP Americas Extinct Access
Mammut pacificus Dooley et al., 2019 Pacific mastodon 15.87ka ± 0.19 cal BP California & south-eastern Idaho, USA Extinct Access

 

 

Family: †Stegodontidae (Stegodonts/Stegodons)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Stegodon florensis insularis van den Bergh et al. 2008 Dwarf Flores stegodon Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Flores, Indonesia Extinct Access
Stegodon insignis (Faloner and Cautley, 1846) - Late Pleistocene India Extinct Access
Stegodon orientalis Owen, 1870 Oriental stegodon Holocene Asia Extinct Access
Stegodon sumbaensis Sartono, 1979 Sumba stegodon Late Pleistocene Sumba, Lesser Sunda Islands Extinct Access
Stegodon timorensis Sartono, 1969 - Late Pleistocene Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara Extinct Access
Stegodon trigonocephalus Martin, 1887 - Late Pleistocene Indonesia Extinct Access