Pilosa (Anteaters and Sloths)

 

Suborder: Folivora (Sloths)

Family: Bradypodidae (Three-toed Sloths)

—No subordinate taxa

 

 

Family: Megalonychidae (Two-toed Sloths and Megalonychid Ground Sloths)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Acratocnus antillensis Matthew, 1931 Cuban sloth Late Pleistocene Cuba Extinct Access
Acratocnus odontrigonus Anthony, 1916 Lesser Puerto Rican ground sloth, Puerto Rican sloth c. 31,670 BC Puerto Rico Extinct Access
Acratocnus simorhynchus Rega, McFarlane, Lundberg & Christenson, 2002 Hispaniolan snub-nosed sloth, Dominican flat-nosed sloth c. 19,500 BC Hispaniola Extinct Access
Acratocnus ye MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000 Hispaniolan ground sloth, Haitian macaya sloth Late Quaternary Hispaniola Extinct Access
Ahytherium aureum Cartelle, De Iuliis & Pujos, 2008 - Quaternary Brazil Extinct Access
Diabolotherium nordenskioldi Pujos, Iuliis, Argot & Werdelin, 2007 - Late Pleistocene (Holocene?) Peru Extinct Access
Iporangabradyx collecti Dos Santos, 1991 - ? ? Invalid (nomen nudum) Access
Megalocnus rodens Leidy, 1868 Cuban giant sloth 4,250 +/- 50 yrs BP Cuba Extinct Access
Megalocnus zile MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000 Large Ile Tortue sloth Quaternary Hispaniola Extinct Access
Megalonyx jeffersonii Wistar, 1822 (Desmarest, 1822?) Jefferson's ground sloth 13,180-13,034 cal yr BP New Mexico, USA Extinct Access
Megistonyx oreobios McDonald, Rincón & Gaudin, 2013 - Late Pleistocene Venezuela Extinct Access
Neocnus comes Miller, 1929 Lesser Haitian ground sloth, Lesser Hispaniolan ground sloth Holocene Hispaniola Extinct Access
Neocnus dousman MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000 Haitian pine forest sloth Late Quaternary Hispaniola Extinct Access
Neocnus gliriformis Matthew, 1931 Cuban rodent-like sloth Late Pleistocene Cuba Extinct Access
Neocnus major Arredondo, 1961 - Quaternary Cuba Extinct Access
Neocnus toupiti MacPhee, White & Woods, 2000 Haitian rak bwa sloth Late Pleistocene or Holocene Hispaniola Extinct Access
Nohochichak xibalbahkah McDonald, Chatters & Gaudin, 2017 - Late Pleistocene Mexico Extinct Access
Parocnus browni Matthew, 1931 Brown's ground sloth, Matthew’s ground sloth Holocene Cuba Extinct Access
Parocnus petrifactus Hooijer, 1963 - ? Curaçao Extinct Access
Parocnus serus Miller, 1929 Greater Haitian ground sloth Late Pleistocene Hispaniola Extinct Access
Xibalbaonyx microcaninus Stinnesbeck et al. 2017 - Late Pleistocene Mexico Extinct Access
Xibalbaonyx oviceps Stinnesbeck et al. 2017 - 10,647 BC to 10,305 BC Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico Extinct Access

 

 

Family: †Megatheriidae (Megatheriid Ground Sloths)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Eremotherium elenense Hoffstetter, 1952 - Late Pleistocene Ecuador Extinct Access
Eremotherium laurillardi Lund, 1842 Laurillard's ground sloth Late Pleistocene Americas (from southern USA to Brazil) Extinct Access
Megatherium americanum Cuvier, 1796 - Late Pleistocene Central and South America Extinct Access
Megatherium filholi Moreno, 1888 - Late Pleistocene Argentina Extinct Access
Megatherium tarijense Gervais and Ameghino, 1880 - Late Pleistocene Bolivia & Peru Extinct Access

 

 

Family: †Mylodontidae (Mylodontid Ground Sloths)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Catonyx cuvieri Lund, 1839 - Late Pleistocene South America Extinct Access
Catonyx tarijensis Gervais & Ameghino, 1880 - Late Pleistocene Argentina, Bolivia & Uraguay Extinct Access
Glossotherium robustum (Owen, 1842) - Late Pleistocene South America Extinct Access
Glossotherium tropicorum Hoffstetter, 1952 - Late Pleistocene Peru Extinct Access
Glossotherium wegneri Spillmann, 1931 - ? South America Extinct Access
Lestodon armatus Gervais, 1855 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Brazil Extinct Access
Mylodon australis Krefft, 1870   ? Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Mylodon darwinii Owen (year?) Darwin's ground sloth, Milodon Late Pleistocene or Holocene South America Extinct Access
Mylodon domesticum ? - ? Americas Extinct Access
Mylodon listai ? Lista's ground sloth ? Americas Extinct Access
Paramylodon harlani Owen, 1840 Harlan's ground sloth Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access
Scelidodon chiliense Lydekker, 1886 - Late Pleistocene Chile Extinct Access
Scelidotherium leptocephalum Owen, 1840 (1839?) - Late Pleistocene Argentina Extinct Access
Valgipes bucklandi Lund, 1839 - Late Pleistocene Brazil Extinct Access
Valgipes deformis Gervais, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Americas Invalid (synonym) Access

 

 

Family: †Nothrotheriidae (Nothrotheriid Ground Sloths and Aquatic Sloths)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Nothrotheriops shastense Sinclair, 1905 Shasta ground sloth Late Pleistocene North America Extinct Access
Nothrotherium macquinense Lund, 1839 - ? Brazil Extinct Access
Nothrotherium torresi Brandoni & McDOnald, 2015 Torres' ground sloth Late Pleistocene Argentina Extinct Access

 

 

Suborder: Vermilingua (Anteaters)

 

Family: Cyclopedidae (Silky Anteaters)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Myrmecophagidae (Anteaters)

—No subordinate taxa