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Crocodilia (Crocodiles, Alligators, Caimans, Gharials etc.)

Crocodiles are one of the two surviving archosaur lineages. The other being birds.

 

Family: Alligatoridae (Alligators and Caimans)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Crocodylidae (True Crocodiles)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Aldabrachampsus dilophus Brochu, 2006 Aldabra horned (terrestrial) crocodile Less than 120ka Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles Extinct Access
Crocodylus sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 195X Sri Lankan crocodile, Ceylon crocodile c.78ka? Sri Lanka (=Ceylon) Extinct Access
Crocodylus sp. nov. 'New Providence Island' - New Providence Island crocodile ? New Providence Island, Bahamas Extinct if valid Access
Voay robustus Grandidier & Vaillant, 1872 Malagasy crocodile Holocene? Madagascar Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Gavialidae (Gharials and False Gharials)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
?Ikanogavialis papuensis De Vis, 1905 Murua gharial Late Pleistocene or Holocene Murua (=Woodlark =Muruya), Solomon Islands Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Mekosuchidae (Terrestrial Crocodiles)

Often treated as a subfamily (Mekosuchinae) of the family Crocodylidae. I have retained it as a distinct family in order to emphasise both their morphological distinctiveness and the magnitude of Late Pleistocene / Holocene biodiversity losses.

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Mekosuchus inexpectatus Balouet & Buffetaut, 1987 New Caledonian terrestrial crocodile Younger than 2,000 BC Isle of Pines, Kanumera, New Caledonia (the island) and Pindai, all New Caledonia (the country) Extinct Access
Mekosuchus kolpokasi Mead, Steadman, Bedford, Bell & Spriggs, 2002 Vanuatu terrestrial crocodile c.1,000 BC Efate Island, Vanuatu Extinct Access
Pallimnarchus pollens De Vis, 1886 - Late Pleistocene? Australia Extinct Access
Quinkana fortirostrum Molnar, 1981 - Late Pleistocene (c.38,000 BC?) Queensland, Australia Extinct Access
Volia athollandersoni Molnar, Worthy & Willis, 2002 Fijian terrestrial crocodile Late Pleistocene Viti Levu, Fiji Extinct Access