enfrdeitjaptrues

Perissodactyla (Odd-toed Ungulates)

 

Family: Equidae (Asses, Horses and Zebras)1

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Equus africanus atlanticus Thomas, 1884 Algerian wild ass, Atlas wild ass, North African wild ass c. 300 AD North Africa Extinct Access
Equus africanus mureybeti Ducos, 1986 Tell Muraibit equid, Tell Muraibit ass Holocene Syria Invalid (synonym) Access
Equus alaskae Winans, 1989 - Late Pleistocene Alaska, USA ? Access
Equus algericus Bagtache, Hadjouis & Eisenmann, 1984 Algerian horse Holocene Algeria & Morocco ? Access
Equus andium Branco, 1883 - Late Pleistocene? Chile ? Access
Equus caballus silvaticus Vetulani, 1928 Forest tarpan, Forest horse ? Europe Invalid? Access
Equus capensis Broom, 1909 Cape zebra, Giant Cape horse Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Africa Extinct Access
Equus cedralensis Alberdi et al., 2014 - Late Pleistocene Mexico ? Access
Equus complicatus Leidy, 1858 - Late Pleistocene USA ? Access
Equus conversidens Owen, 1869 Mexican horse Holocene? USA ? Access
Equus dalianensis Xinxue, Yufeng, Qinqi & Yi, 1985 Dalian horse Late Pleistocene China ? Access
Equus excelsus Leidy, 1858 - Late Pleistocene? USA ? Access
Equus ferus ferus Boddaert, 1785 Tarpan mid 1800's-early 1900s Europe Extinct Access
Equus ferus latipes (Gromova, 1949) - Holocene Europe ? Access
Equus fossilis von Meyer, 1832 - Late Pleistocene? Europe ? Access
Equus fraternus Leidy, 1860 - Late Pleistocene North America ? Access
Equus hemionus bedfordi Matschie, 1911 - 1918 or later Mongolia Invalid (synonym) Access
Equus hemionus binagadensis Eisenmann & Mashkour, 1999 - Late Pleistocene-Holocene border Azerbaijan & Iran Extinct Access
Equus hemionus blanfordi (Pocock, 1947) - ? Afghanistan & Pakistan Invalid (synonym) Access
Equus hemionus castaneus Lydekker, 1904 Xinjiang kulan, dzigettai ? Mongolia ? Access
Equus hemionus finschi Matschie in Futterer, 1911 - ? Kazakhstan Invalid (synonym) Access
Equus hemionus hemippus I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1855 Syrian wild ass, Syrian onager, Assyrian onager, Hemippe, Achdari 1927-1928 Arabian Peninsula to Syria Extinct Access
Equus hydruntinus Regàlia, 1907 European wild ass, Encebra, Steppe ass, Otrantine ass, etc. Holocene Europe Extinct Access
Equus lambei Hay, 1917 Yukon horse, Yukon wild horse c.8,000 BC North America ? Access
Equus laurentius Hay, 1913 - ? Kansas, USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Equus lenensis Russanov, 1968 Lena horse, Chersky horse c.4,600 BP Russia Extinct? Access
Equus mauritanicus Pomel, 1897 - Holocene Algeria ? Access
Equus melkiensis Bagtache, Hadjouis & Eisenmann, 1984 - Late Pleistocene Algeria & Morocco ? Access
Equus mexicanus Hibbard, 1955 - Late Pleistocene Mexico ? Access
Equus midlandensis Quinn, 1957 - Late Pleistocene? New Mexico, USA ? Access
Equus namadicus Falconer & Cautley, 1849 - Middle Pleistocene? India Extinct Access
Equus neogaeus Lund, 1840 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Brazil ? Access
Equus niobrarensis Hay, 1913 Niobrara horse Late Pleistocene USA ? Access
Equus occidentalis Leidy, 1865 Western horse Late Pleistocene USA ? Access
Equus ovodovi Eisenmann & Sergej, 2011 Ovodov horse Late Pleistocene Siberia ? Access
Equus pacificus Leidy, 1868 - Late Pleistocene? Canada & USA ? Access
Equus parastylidens Mooser, 1959 - Late Pleistocene? South America ? Access
Equus quagga burchelli Gray, 1824 Burchell's zebra, Southern Burchell's zebra - South Africa Rediscovered Access
Equus quagga quagga Boddaert, 1785 Quagga, kwagga (Afrikaans), iqwara (Xhosa) 12 August 1883 South Africa Extinct Access
Equus santaeelenae Spillmann, 1938 - Late Pleistocene Peru ? Access
Equus scotti Gidley, 1900 Scott's horse Late Pleistocene USA ? Access
Equus semiplicatus Cope, 1893 Stiltlegged horse Late Pleistocene or Holocene Texas, USA ? Access
Equus sylvestris von den Brincken, 1826 - ? Europe Invalid (synonym) Access
Equus sp. A - - Late Pleistocene New Mexico, USA ? Access
Equus sp. nov. 'small stilt-legged horse' - - Late Pleistocene USA ? Access
Equus sp. nov. 'small stout-limbed horse'
 
- - Late Pleistocene USA ? Access
Hippidion devillei Gervais, 1855 - Late Pleistocene Argentina & Bolivia ? Access
Hippidion principale Lund, 1846 - Late Pleistocene Argentina & Bolivia ? Access
Hippidion saldiasi Roth, 1899 - Late Pleistocene Argentina & Chile ? Access

1 The taxonomy of fossil horses (Equus sp.) is still largely unresolved. Many species have been described, and which are valid is unclear. Some are missing from this list.

 

Family: Rhinocerotidae (Rhinoceroses)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Ceratotherium mauritanicum Pomel, 1888 - Holocene? Africa Extinct Access
Ceratotherium simum cottoni Lydekker, 1908 Northern white rhino(ceros), Nile rhino(ceros), Square-lipped rhino(ceros), Northern square-lipped rhino(ceros), Cotton’s white rhino(ceros), Cross's rhino(ceros) Functionally extinct Africa (Central African Republic, DR Congo, Sudan, Uganda) Extinct in the wild Access
Coelodonta antiquitatis Blumenbach, 1799 Woolly rhino(ceros) Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis eugenei Sody, 1946 - Holocene Sumatra, Indonesia Extinct Access
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis Buckland, 1872 Northern Sumatran rhinoceros, Northern hairy rhinoceros, Chittagong rhinoceros 1900 or later mainland Asia Missing Access
Diceros bicornis bicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Southern black rhino(ceros), South-western black rhino(ceros), Cape rhino(ceros) c.1800-1850 Western Cape Province, South Africa Extinct Access
Diceros bicornis brucii Lesson, 1842 North-eastern black rhino(ceros) 1900's? Ethiopia Extinct? Access
Diceros bicornis chobiensis Zukowsky, 1965 Chobe black rhino(ceros) ? Africa Extinct? Access
Diceros bicornis ladoensis Groves, 1967 Uganda black rhino(ceros) ? Sudan (South Sudan?) & Uganda Extinct? Access
Diceros bicornis longipes Zukowsky, 1949 Western black rhino(ceros) 2012 West Africa Missing Access
Elasmotherium sibiricum Fisher von Valdgeim, 1808 Forehead-crested rhinoceros 26,038 ± 356 yBP Eurasia Extinct Access
Rhinoceros kagavena Deraniyagala, 1956 Sri Lankan rhino(ceros) Late Pleistocene? Sri Lanka Extinct Access
Rhinoceros philippinensis von Koenig(s)wald, 1956 Philippine rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Luzon, Philippines Extinct Access
Rhinoceros sinensis Owen, 1870 Chinese rhino(ceros) c. 66,000 BC China Extinct Access
Rhinoceros sinhaleyus Deraniyagala, 1936 Sri Lankan rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Sri Lanka Extinct Access
Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Heude, 1892 Vietnamese Javan rhino(ceros) 29 April 2010 Cambodia, Laos, Thailand (eastern) & Vietnam Missing Access
Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis Lesson, 1838 Indian Javan rhinoceros pre-1925 Northeastern India, Bangladesh and Myanmar Extinct Access
Stephanorhinus hemitoechus Falconer, 1859 Narrow-nosed rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis Toula, 1902 - Late Pleistocene Europe Extinct Access
Stephanorhinus kirchbergensis Jäger, 1839 Merck's rhinoceros Late Pleistocene Eurasia Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Tapiridae (Tapirs)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Megatapirus augustus Matthew & Granger, 1923 Giant tapir Holocene China to Laos Extinct Access
Tapirus californicus Merriam, 1912 California tapir Late Pleistocene-Holocene border California, USA Extinct Access
Tapirus copei Simpson, 1945 Cope's tapir Middle Pleistocene? USA Invalid (synonym) Access
Tapirus cristatellus Winge, 1906 - Late Pleistocene or Holocene Minas Gerais State, Brazil Extinct Access
Tapirus haysii Leidy, 1860 - Late Pleistocene Florida, USA Extinct Access
Tapirus merriami Frick, 1921 Merriam's tapir Late Pleistocene USA Extinct Access
Tapirus mesopotamicus Ferrero & Noriega, 2007 - Late Pleistocene Argentina Extinct Access
Tapirus rondoniensis Winge, 1906 Rondonia tapir Late Pleistocene Brazil Extinct Access
Tapirus veroensis Sellards, 1918 Vero tapir Late Pleistocene Americas Extinct Access