Ophidia (Serpentes) (Snakes)

 

Family: Boidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Boa blanchardensis Bochaton & Bailon, 2018 - 34,000-15,000 BP Marie-Galante Island, West Indies Extinct Access
Boa sp. nov. 'Martinique' - - ? Martinique, Martinique Bank, Lesser Antilles Extinct if valid Access
Chilabothrus schwartzi (Buden, 1975) Crooked-Acklins boa - Crooked-Acklins Bank, Bahamas Rediscovered Access
cf. BOIDAE gen. et sp. indet. 'Antigua' - - Holocene Antigua, Lesser Antilles Extinct Access

 

Family: Bolyeriidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Bolyeria multocarinata Boie, 1827 Round Island (burrowing) boa 1975 Round Island, Mauritius Extinct Access

 

Family: Colubridae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Alsophis (antiguae) antiguae Parker, 1933 Antiguan racer ? Antigua and Barbuda, the Caribbean Extinct Access
Atractus alytogrammus Köhler & Kieckbusch, 2014   - Colombia Rediscovered Access
Atractus bocki Werner, 1909   - Argentina & Bolivia Rediscovered Access
Atractus dunni Savage, 1955   - Ecuador Rediscovered Access
Atractus microrhynchus (Cope, 1868)   - Ecuador & Peru Rediscovered Access
Atractus modestus Boulenger, 1894 Modest ground snake - Ecuador Rediscovered Access
Atractus wagleri Prado, 1945   - Colombia Rediscovered Access
Borikenophis sanctaecrucis Cope, 1862 Saint Croix racer, St Croix tree snake c.1898 St. Croix & Green Cay, U.S. Virgin Islands Extinct Access
Calamaria lateralis Mocquard, 1890 White-striped reed snakeWhite-striped reed snake pre-1891 Borneo Missing Access
Calamaria prakkei Lidthe de Jeude, 1893 Prakke's reed snake, Brike snake c.1889? Sabah, Malaysia, Borneo Missing Access
Cercophis auratus (Schlegel, 1837)   - Brazil & Suriname Rediscovered Access
Chapinophis xanthocheilus Campbell & Smith, 1998 Guatemalan yellow-lipped snake - Guatemala Rediscovered Access
Chersodromus rubriventris Taylor, 1949   - México Rediscovered Access
Chironius vincenti Boulenger, 1891 St Vincent blacksnake - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Rediscovered Access
Chrysopelea rhodopleuron viridis Boie, 1827 Sangihe flying snake, Moluccan flying snake ? Sulawesi, Indonesia Missing Access
Clelia clelia groomei Greer, 1965 Mussurana ? Grenada, Grenada Bank, Lesser Antilles Extinct or rediscovered Access
Clelia errabunda Underwood, 1993 Underwood's mussurana/massurana, Saint Lucia cribo, Black snake 1800's St. Lucia, St Lucia Bank, Lesser Antilles Extinct Access
Clelia sp. nov. 'Guadeloupe' -   ? Guadeloupe, Guadeloupe Bank, Lesser Antilles Extinct if valid Access
Coniophanes andresensis Bailey, 1937 San Andres snake - Isla San Andres, Lesser Antilles Rediscovered if valid Access
Dipsas mikanii septentrionalis Cunha, Nascimento & Hoge, 1980   - Brazil Rediscovered Access
Eirenis africana Boulenger, 1914   - Djibouti Rediscovered Access
Elachistodon westermanni Reinhardt, 1863 Indian egg-eating snake, Indian egg-eater, Westermann's snake, Indian egg eater snake - India Rediscovered Access
Erythrolamprus cursor Lacépède, 1789 Martinique ground snake, Lacépède's ground snake, Martinique racer 1968 Martinique & Diamond Rock (=Rocher du Diamant), Martinique Bank, Lesser Antilles Missing Access
Erythrolamprus perfuscus (Cope, 1862) Barbados racer, Tan ground snake 1963 Barbados Extinct Access
Farancia erytrogramma seminola Neill, 1964 Southern Florida rainbow snake 13 September 1952 Fish Eating Creek, Florida, USA Missing Access
Geophis bellus Myers, 2003   - Panama Rediscovered Access
Hypsiglena unaocularus Tanner, 1946 Clarión nightsnake - Clarión Island (=Isla Clarión), Mexico Rediscovered Access
Hypsirhynchus ater Gosse, 1851 Black racer, Jamaican racer, Jamaican tree-snake, Jamaican tree snake 1900/c.1929 Jamaica, the Caribbean Missing Access
Hypsirhynchus melanichnus (Cope, 1862) La Vega racer 1910 Hispaniola, the Caribbean Missing Access
Ialtris parishi Cochran, 1932 Parish's fanged snake, Tiburon banded racer 1930 Hispaniola, the Caribbean Extinct Access
Imantodes phantasma Myers, 1982 Blunt-headed vine snake, Phantasma tree snake - Colombia Rediscovered Access
Liophis ornatus Garman, 1887 Saint Lucia racer, St Lucia racer, Ornate ground snake, 'couresse' - St Lucia Rediscovered Access
Lycodon gammiei (Blanford, 1878) Gammie's wolf snake, Sikkim false wolf snake - India Rediscovered Access
Maculophis bellus chapaensis (Bourret, 1934)   - Vietnam Rediscovered Access
Natrix natrix cypriaca Hecht, 1930 Cyprus grass snake post-2007 Paralimni Lakes, Cyprus Missing Access
Nerodia sp. nov. 'Abaco' - - Late Pleistocene Abaco Island, the Bahamas Extinct Access
Oligodon macrurus (Angel, 1927) Angel's kukri snake - Binh Thuan Province, Vietnam Rediscovered Access
Omoadiphas cannula McCranie & Cruz-Díaz, 2010 Agalta Mountain forest snake 1989 near Sierra de Agalta National Park, Honduras Missing Access
Pantherophis sp. nov. 'Abaco' - - Late Pleistocene Abaco Island, the Bahamas Extinct Access
Paratapinophis praemaxillaris Angel, 1929 Angel's stream snake, Angel's mountain keelback, Brown stream snake - Laos & Thailand Rediscovered Access
Phalotris concolor Ferrarezzi, 1994   - Minas Gerais state, Brazil Rediscovered Access
Phalotris multipunctatus Puorto & Ferrarezzi, 1993   - Brazil & Paraguay Rediscovered Access
Platyceps bholanathi (Sharma, 1976) Sharma’s racer, Nagarjunasagar racer - Andhra Pradesh (including Hyderabad) & Tamil Nadu, India Rediscovered Access
Rhadinaea cuneata Myers, 1974 Veracruz graceful brown snake - México Rediscovered Access
Rhynchocalamus arabicus Schmidt, 1933 Aden kukri snake - Oman & Yemen Rediscovered Access
Sibon argus (Cope, 1876) Argus snail sucker - Costa Rica & Panama Rediscovered Access
Stichophanes ningshaanensis (Yuen, 1983) Ningshan lined snake - Hubei Province & Shaanxi Province, China Rediscovered Access
Tantilla albiceps Barbour, 1925 Barbour's centipede snake, Panama white-headed snake February 1925 Barro Colorado Island (=Monumento Nacional Isla Barro Colorado), Gatun Lake, Panama Canal Zone, Panamá Oeste Province (eastern), Panama Missing Access
Tantilla briggsi Savitzky & Smith, 1971 Briggs' centipede snake - Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca State, Mexico Rediscovered Access
Tantilla insulamontana Wilson & Mena, 1980 Mountain centipede snake - Ecuador Rediscovered Access
Telescopus pulcher (Scortecci, 1935)   - Ethiopia & Somalia Rediscovered Access
Thamnophis bovallii Dunn, 1940   - Nicaragua Rediscovered Access
Thamnophis eques insperatus Conant, 2003 Lake Zacapu garter snake - La laguna de Zacapu, Michoacán State, Mexico Rediscovered Access
Thamnophis rossmani Conant, 2000 Rossman’s gartersnake - central Nayarit, Mexico Rediscovered Access
Trimetopon viquezi Dunn, 1937 Viquez's tropical ground snake 1927 Siquirres, Costa Rica Missing Access
Urotheca dumerilli (Bibron, 1840)   - Colombia Rediscovered Access
Xenochrophis bellulus (Stoliczka, 1871)   - Myanmar (=Burma) Rediscovered Access
Xenophidion schaeferi Günther & Manthey, 1995 Schäfer's spiny-jawed snake, Schaefer’s spine-jawed snake - Malaysia Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Elapidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Aipysurus apraefrontalis Smith, 1926 Short-nosed sea snake, Sahul reef snake 2000 Ashmore and Hibernia Reefs, northern Australia Missing Access
Aipysurus foliosquama Smith, 1926 Leaf-scaled sea snake 2000 Ashmore and Hibernia Reefs, northern Australia Missing Access
Aipysurus tenuis Lönnberg & Andersson, 1913 Arafura sea snake, Brown-lined sea snake, Mjoberg's seasnake 1970 Arafura Sea, Western Australia, Australia Missing Access
Bungarus sindanus Boulenger, 1897   - India & Pakistan Rediscovered Access
Calliophis beddomei Smith, 1943 Beddome’s coralsnake - India Rediscovered Access
Hydrophis inornatus Gray, 1849 Plain sea snake pre-1850 "Indian Ocean" Missing Access
Hydrophis laboutei Rasmussen & Ineich, 2000 - ? Chesterfield Reefs, New Caledonia Still extant? Access
Hydrophis nigrocinctus Daudin, 1803 Daudin's sea snake, Wall's sea snake 1943 Bay of Bengal, India Missing Access
Hydrophis parviceps Smith, 1935   - Vietnam Rediscovered Access
Hydrophis sibauensis Rasmussen, Auliya & Böhme, 2001 Kalimantan sea snake ? Sibau River, Kalimantan, Indonesia Missing Access
Hydrophis torquatus Günther, 1864 West coast black-headed sea snake c.1998 or before "Straits of Malacca, Gulf of Thailand and eastern coast of the Malay Peninsula (but not Singapore or the Natuna Sea)" Missing Access
Hydrophis vorisi Kharin, 1984 Estuarine sea snake, Plain-banded seasnake c.1972? Fly River, Papua New Guinea (southern) Missing Access
Oxyuranus microlepidotus (McCoy, 1879) Inland taipan, Fierce snake, Small-scaled snake - Australia Rediscovered Access
Suta spectabilis bushi Storr, 1988 Bush's hooded snake 6 October 1986 or later Scaddan, Western Australia, Australia Missing Access
Toxicocalamus ernstmayri O’Shea et al., 2015 Star Mountains worm-eating snake - Star Mountains, Western Province, Papua New Guinea Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Homalopsidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Enhydris pahangensis Tweedie, 1946 Pahang mud snake, Pahang water snake - Malaysia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: Lamprophiidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Aparallactus nigriceps Peters, 1854 Mozambique centipede-eater - Mozambique Rediscovered Access
Liophidium apperti Domergue, 1983 (1984?) - 1968 Madagascar Missing Access
Pseudoxyrhopus ankafinaensis Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 1994 Ankafina brook Snake, Ankafina ground snake 1880 Ankafina Mountain, High Plateau, Madagascar Missing Access

 

Family: Leptotyphlopidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Leptotyphlops brasiliensis Laurent, 1949   - Bahia state, Brazil Rediscovered Access
Leptotyphlops salgueiroi Amaral, 1954   - Brazil Rediscovered Access
Mitophis leptepileptus (Thomas, McDiarmid & Thompson, 1985) Haitian border threadsnake 1984 Haiti, Hispaniola Missing Access

 

Family: Madtsoiidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Wonambi naracoortensis Smith, 1976 Naracoorte primitive snake Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access

 

Family: Pareidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Xylophis indicus Beddome, 1878 - - Meghamalai, Western Ghats, India Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: Tropidophiidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Tropidophis bucculentus Cope, 1868 Navassa Island dwarf boa 1800's? Navassa Island Missing Access
Tropidophis hendersoni Hedges & Garrido, 2002 Cuban khaki trope - Cuba Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Typhlopidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Anilios batillus Waite, 1894 Waite's blind snake, Batillus blind snake pre-1895 Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia Missing Access
Cathethorinus melanocephalus Duméril & Bibron, 1844 Black-headed blindsnake, Enigmatic blind-snake pre-1845 ? Missing Access
Madatyphlops cariei Hoffstetter, 1946 Hoffstetter's worm snake 1600's? Mauritius Extinct Access
Ramphotyphlops aluensis (Boulenger, 1887) Taveuni blind snake, Taveuni blindsnake - Taveuni Island, Fiji Rediscovered Access
Ramphotyphlops exocoeti Boulenger, 1887 Christmas Island blind snake - Christmas Island, Australia Rediscovered Access
Ramphotyphlops marxi Wallach, 1993 Marx's worm snake ? Samar Island, Philippines Still extant? Access
Typhlops sulcatus Cope, 1868 Navassa Island worm snake 1905? Navassa Island, Hispaniola Extinct Access
Typhlops tasymicris Thomas, 1974 Grenada Bank blindsnake - Grenada & Union Island, St. Vincent and the Grenadines Rediscovered Access
Typhlops thurstoni Boettger, 1890 Thurston's worm snake - Kerala, India Rediscovered Access
Typhlops tindalli Smith, 1943   - Kerala, India Rediscovered Access
Typhlops uluguruensis Barbour, 1928   - Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania Rediscovered Access
Xenotyphlops grandidieri Mocquard, 1905   - Baie de Sakalava, northern Madagascar Rediscovered Access

 

Family: Viperidae

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Bitis albanica Hewitt, 1937 Albany adder - Eastern Cape Province, South Africa Rediscovered Access
Crotalus lannomi Tanner, 1966   - Jalisco State, Mexico Rediscovered Access
Vipera anatolica Eiselt & Baran, 1970   - Turkey Rediscovered Access
Vipera barani Böhme & Joger 1984   - Turkey Rediscovered Access
Vipera wagneri Nilson & Andrén, 1984 Ocellated mountain viper, Wagner's viper - Turkey Rediscovered Access