enfrdeitjaptrues

Diprotodontia (Kangaroos, Wallabies, Wombats, Possums etc.)

 

Suborder: Macropodiformes

Family: Hypsiprymnodontidae (Musky Rat-kangaroo and relatives)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Propleopus oscillans de Vis, 1888 Carnivorous kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access

 

 

Family: Macropodidae (Kangaroos, Wallabies and allies)1

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Bohra paulae Flannery & Szalay, 1982 Giant tree kangaroo Late Pleistocene New South Wales, Australia Extinct Access
Congruus congruus McNamara, 1994 - Late Pleistocene South Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Congruus kitcheneri (Flannery, 1989) - c. 104ka? Western Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Dendrolagus mayri Rothschild & Dollman, 1933 Wondiwoi tree-kangaroo (rediscovered) Wondiwoi Peninsula, New Guinea Rediscovered Access
Dendrolagus noibano Flannery, Mountain & Aplin, 1983 - Late Pleistocene New Guinea Extinct Access
Dorcopsis sp. nov. 'Halmahera' - - Late Pleistocene Halmahera, North Moluccas, Indonesia Invalid Access
Halmaturus thomsonii Krefft, 1870 - Late Pleistocene? Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Lagorchestes asomatus Finlayson, 1943 Central hare wallaby, Lake Mackay hare-wallaby, Least hare-wallaby, kuluwarri Between 1940 and 1960 central Australia Extinct Access
Lagorchestes hirsutus hirsutus Gould, 1844 Rufous hare-wallaby, Western hare-wallaby, Wurrup, Whistler c. 1900 Western Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Lagorchestes leporides Gould, 1841 Eastern hare wallaby, Eastern hare-wallaby, Brown hare-wallaby, Hare wallaby, turatt (Murray-Darling aboriginal name) 1890 New South Wales, South Australia & Victoria, Australia Extinct Access
Lagostrophus fasciatus albipilis Gould, 1842 South-western banded hare-wallaby 1906 Western Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Lagostrophus fasciatus baudinettei Helgen & Flannery, 2003 Baudinette banded hare-wallaby 1863 South Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Macropus agilis siva de Vis, 1895 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus bernardus Rothschild, 1904 Bernard's wallaroo, Bernard's kangaroo, Black wallaroo, Black kangaroo, Woodward's wallaroo, Northern black wallaroo, Small black wallaroo (rediscovered) Northern Territory, Australia Rediscovered Access
Macropus cooperi Owen, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus eugenii eugenii (Desmarest, 1817) Tammar wallaby, Tamar wallaby, Eugene Island kangaroo (rediscovered) South Australia, Australia Rediscovered Access
Macropus ferragus Owen, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus giganteus ssp. nov. 'Tasmania' - - Late Pleistocene Tasmania, Australia Extinct Access
Macropus gouldi Owen, 1874 Gould's kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Invalid (nomen dubium) Access
Macropus magister de Vis, 1894 - Late Pleistocene Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Macropus parma Waterhouse, 1845 Parma wallaby, White-throated wallaby, White throated wallaby, White-throated pademelon, White-fronted wallaby (rediscovered) New South Wales, Australia (native) and Kawau Island, New Zealand (introduced) Rediscovered Access
Macropus pearsoni Bartholomai, 1973 Pearson's kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus piltonensis Bartholomai, 1975 Pilton's kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Invalid (nomen dubium)? Access
Macropus rama Bartholomai, 1975 Mountain kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus robustus altus (Owen, 1874) Pleistocene wallaroo, Profound kangaroo Late Quaternary Australia Extinct Access
Macropus stirtoni Marcus, 1976 Stirton's kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus thor de Vis, 1895 Thor kangaroo Late Pleistocene Queensland, Australia Extinct Access
Macropus titan Owen, 1838 Colossal kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus wombeyensis Broom, 1896 Wombeyan kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Macropus sp. nov. 'fat-tailed, spotted kangaroo' - Fat-tailed spotted kangaroo Late Pleistocene Western Australia, Australia Hypothetical Access
Metasthenurus newtonae (Prideaux, 2000) - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Notamacropus greyi Waterhouse, 1845 Toolache wallaby, Grey's wallaby, Captain Grey's kangaroo, Monkeyface (archaic), Onetwo (archaic) 30 June or 10 July, 1943 South Australia & Victoria, Australia Extinct Access
Onychogalea fraenata Gould, 1841 Bridled nail-tailed wallaby, Bridled nailtail wallaby, Bridled wallaby, Bridled kangaroo, Merrin (Murray-Darling aboriginal name), "Flash Jack", Flashjack, Waistcoat wallaby (rediscovered) New South Wales, Queensland & South Australia, Australia Rediscovered Access
Onychogalea lunata Gould, 1841 Crescent nail-tail wallaby, Lunated nailtail wallaby, Crescent wallaby (archaic), Crescent marked kangaroo (archaic), Crescent-marked kangaroo (archaic), wurrung, tjawalpa 1950's or 1960's South Australia & Western Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Procoptodon browneorum Merrilees, 1968 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Procoptodon goliah Owen, 1845 Giant short-faced kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Procoptodon pusio Owen, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Procoptodon rapha Owen, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Procoptodon texasensis Archer, 1978 - Late Pleistocene Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Procoptodon williamsi Prideaux, 2004 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Protemnodon anak (Owen, 1859) Pleistocene Ice-age kangaroo, Giant wallaby Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Protemnodon brehus Owen, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Protemnodon hopei Flannery, 1992 - Late Pleistocene New Guinea Extinct Access
Protemnodon nombe Flannery, Mountain & Aplin, 1983 Nombe kangaroo Before 25ka New Guinea Extinct Access
Protemnodon otibandus Plane, 1967 Giant wallaby, Otibanda wallaby ? New Guinea Extinct Access
Protemnodon roechus Owen, 1874 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Protemnodon tumbuna Flannery, Mountain & Aplin, 1983 Ancestral wallaby 25-14.5ka New Guinea Extinct Access
Simosthenurus baileyi Prideaux & Wells, 1998 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Simosthenurus maddocki Wells & Murray, 1979 Maddock's kangaroo, Browsing kangaroo Late Pleistocene New South Wales & South Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Simosthenurus occidentalis (Glauert, 1910) Giant short-faced kangaroo, Western sthenurine kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia (incl. Tasmania) Extinct Access
Sthenurus andersoni Marcus, 1962 Anderson's kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus atlas Owen, 1838 Atlas kangaroo 54ka ± 7 ka Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus gilli Merrilees, 1965 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus oreas de Vis, 1895 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus orientalis Tedford, 1966 Oriental kangaroo Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus pales de Vis, 1895 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus stirlingi Wells & Tedford, 1995 Stirling's kangaroo 75ka ± 9 ka Australia Extinct Access
Sthenurus tindalei Tedford, 1966 Tindale's kangaroo 75ka ± 9 ka Australia Extinct Access
Thylogale christenseni Hope, 1981 Christensen's pademelon c. 1,250 BC Irian Jaya, Indonesia, New Guinea Extinct Access
Thylogale sp. nov. 'New Guinea' - - Holocene New Guinea Extinct Access
Troposodon minor Owen, 1877 - 107ka ± 18 ka Australia Extinct Access
Wallabia vishnu de Vis, 1895 - Late Pleistocene Queensland, Australia Extinct or invalid Access

 

1 There is significant dispute over the extinction chronology of the Australian megafauna. Some of the above taxa may not have persisted until the Late Pleistocene. Further work needs to be done to establish tighter chronologies for many of these species.

 

Family: Potoroidae (Bettongs, Potoroos and Rat-kangaroos)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Bettongia anhydra (Finlayson, 1957) Desert bettong 1933 Lake McKay area, Northern Territory, Australia Extinct Access
Bettongia gaimardi gaimardi Desmarest, 1822 Eastern bettong, Mainland eastern bettong, Gaimard's bettong early 1900's eastern Australia Extinct Access
Bettongia lesueur graii (Gould, 1840) Inland boodie, Inland burrowing bettong, Gray's rat-kangaroo, Gray's jerboa kangaroo, Gray's bettong, booming 1940's Western Australia, Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Bettongia lesueur harveyi (Waterhouse, 1842) Harvey's burrowing bettong, Harvey's rat-kangaroo ? Eyre Peninsula, South Australia, Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Bettongia penicillata gouldii Waterhouse, 1846 ? ? Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Bettongia penicillata penicillata Gray, 1837 Brush-tailed bettong, Woylie, Brush-tailed rat-kangaroo, Pencil-tailed bettong, pattuck (Murray-Darling aboriginals) mid-1900's? New South Wales, Northern Territory, South Australia (including St. Francis Island) & Western Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Bettongia pusilla McNamara, 1997 Nullabor dwarf bettong, Thompson's potoroo post-1500 Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia and South Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Bettongia tropica Wakefield, 1967 Northern bettong, Northern brush-tailed bettong, Tropical bettong (rediscovered) Queensland, Australia Rediscovered Access
Borungaboodie hatcheri Prideaux, 1999 Giant bettong Late Pleistocene Western Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Caloprymnus campestris Gould, 1843 Desert rat-kangaroo, Buff-nosed rat-kangaroo, Plains rat-kangaroo, Plain rat-kangaroo, oolacunta 1935 Queensland (historically), South Australia (historically) & Western Australia (prehistorically), Australia Missing Access
Potorous gilbertii Gould, 1841 Gilbert's potoroo, Gilbert's rat(-)kangaroo, Gilbert's kangaroo rat, Ngil-gyte (used by the King George's Sound aborigines), garlgyte (rediscovered) Western Australia, Australia Rediscovered Access
Potorous morgani Finlayson, 1938 Morgan's potoroo Holocene Kangaroo Island, South Australia, Australia Invalid (synonym) Access
Potorous platyops Gould, 1844 Broad-faced potoroo, Broad-faced rat-kangaroo 1875 or before Western Australia and South Australia (including Kangaroo Island), Australia Extinct Access
Potorous tridactylus antiquus Broom, 1896 - Late Pleistocene New South Wales, Australia Extinct or invalid Access

 

 

 

Suborder: Phalangeriformes

Superfamily: Petauroidea

Family: Acrobatidae (Feathertail Glider and Feather-tailed Possum)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Family: Petauridae (Striped possum, Leadbeater's Possum and the Gliders)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Dactylopsila kambuayai Aplin, 1999 Vogelkop striped possum, Vogelkop ringtail possum mid-Holocene Arfak Mountains, Bird's Head Peninsula (=Vogelkop Peninsula), Papua Province, Indonesia, New Guinea Rediscovered? Access
Dactylopsila tatei Laurie, 1952 Tate's triok, Fergusson Island striped possum (rediscovered) Fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea Rediscovered Access
Gymnobelideus leadbeateri McCoy, 1867 Leadbeater's possum, Fairy possum, Bass River possum (rediscovered) Victoria, Australia Rediscovered Access
Petaurus gracilis (de Vis, 1883) Mahogany glider, Ebony glider (rediscovered) Queensland, Australia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: Pseudocheiridae (Ringtailed Possums and allies)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Petauroides ayamaruensis Aplin, 1999 Ayamaru greater gliding possum Late Quaternary Irian Jaya, Indonesia, New Guinea Extinct Access
Pseudocheirus antiquus Broom, 1896 - Late Pleistocene New South Wales, Australia Invalid (snyonym) Access
Pseudochirulus schlegeli (Jentink, 1884) Arfak ringtail possum, Vogelkop ringtail possum (rediscovered) Arfak Mountains, Bird's Head Peninsula (=Vogelkop Peninsula), Papua Province, Indonesia, New Guinea Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: Tarsipedidae (Honey Possum)

—No subordinate taxa

 

Superfamily: Phalangeroidea

Family: Burramyidae (Pygmy Possums)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Burramys parvus Broom, 1896 Mountain pygmy possum, Mountain pygmy-possum, Broom's pygmy-possum, Burramys (rediscovered) New South Wales & Victoria, Australia Rediscovered Access

 

 

Family: Phalangeridae (Brushtail Possums and Cuscuses)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Ailurops ursinus intermedius (Hooijer, 1952) Sulwaesi bear cuscus subfossil Sulawesi, Indonesia Invalid (synonym) Access
Phalanger matanim Flannery, 1987 Telefomin cuscus 1998 or before West Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea Missing Access

 

 

 

Suborder: Vombatiformes

Family: †Diprotodontidae (Giant Wombats)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Diarcodon parvus Stephenson, 1963 - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct or invalid Access
Diprotodon annextans McCoy, 1861 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon australis Owen, 1844 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon bennetti Krefft, 1873 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon bennettii Owen, 1877 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon loderi Krefft, 1873 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon longiceps McCoy, 1865 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon minor Huxley, 1862 Giant wombat ? Australia Invalid Access
Diprotodon optatum Owen, 1838 Giant wombat 44ka Australia Extinct Access
Euowenia coreis Michna, 1995 - Late Pleistocene Australia Invalid (nomen nudum) Access
Euowenia grata (de Vis, 1887) - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Euryzygoma dunense de Vis, 1887 - Late Pleistocene? Australia Extinct Access
Hulitherium tomasettii Flannery & Plane, 1986 Marsupial panda Late Pleistocene Pureni, New Guinea Extinct Access
Maokopia ronaldii Flannery, 1992 - c. 20ka New Guinea Extinct Access
Nototherium mitchelli (Owen, 1845) - Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct or invalid Access
Zygomaturus trilobus Macleay, 1858 "gyedarra" (dreamtime name) 33ka Australia Extinct Access
Zygomaturus sp. nov. 'Kangaroo Island' - - Late Pleistocene Kangaroo Island, South Australia, Australia Extinct Access

 

 

Family: †Palorchestidae (Marsupial Tapirs)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Palorchestes azael Owen, 1873 Marsupial tapir Late Pleistocene Australia Extinct Access
Palorchestes parvus de Vis, 1895 Marsupial tapir Middle Pleistocene? Australia Extinct Access
Palorchestes rephaim Ramsay, 1885 Marsupial tapir Late Pleistocene Australia Invalid (synonym) Access

 

 

Family: Phascolarctidae (Koalas)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Phascolarctos stirtoni Bartholomai, 1968 Giant koala, Stirton's koala Late Pleistocene Queensland, South Australia & Victoria, Australia Extinct Access

 

 

Family: †Thylacoleonidae (Marsupial Lions)1

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Thylacoleo carnifex2 Owen, 1859 Marsupial lion c.48ka Australia Extinct3 Access

 

1 T. carnifex is the only thylacoleonid currently known from post-Pliocene sites. However, the paucity of fossils of its two currently accepted congeners T. crassidentatus and T. hilli (viz. we have approximately five pieces of bone of the latter; Michael Curry, pers. comm. 18 August 2018) means that their geochronological extent cannot presently be reasonably inferred. They may well very have survived into the early or middle (or even late) Pleistocene, but we currently have no evidence of their post-Pliocene persistence. Likewise some other described (or undescribed) thylacoleonid genus may have survived until the Pleistocene epoch.

2 The literature considers T. carnifex to have several synonyms. However, I have not yet worked out which of these are likely to qualify for inclusion in REPAD since the ages of the type specimens upon which these taxa were described are currently unknown to the present author.

3 The cryptid 'Queensland tiger' or 'yarrie' is often supposed by cryptozoologists to be surviving Marsupial lions. A second line of evidence often used to support the prehistoric survivor hypothesis is the claimed relatively recent aboriginal rock art of Thylacoleo in both the Kimberley and Arnhem Land regions.

 

Family: Vombatidae (Wombats)

Scientific Name Author/s Common Name Last Record Distribution Status Taxon Profile
Lasiorhinus angustidens (de Vis, 1891) - Late Pleistocene Queensland, Australia Extinct Access
Lasiorhinus krefftii gillespiei de Vis, 1900 Moonie River wombat, Southern Queensland hairy-nosed wombat, Gillespie's wombat late 1800's or early 1900's Moonie River, Queensland, Australia Extinct Access
Lasiorhinus krefftii krefftii (Owen, 1873) Pleistocene hairy-nosed wombat Late Pleistocene New South Wales, Australia Extinct Access
Lasiorhinus krefftii ssp. nov. 'Deniliquin' - Deniliquin wombat 1909 New South Wales, Australia Extinct Access
Phascolonus gigas (Owen, 1858) Colossal wombat Late Pleistocene New South Wales & South Australia, Australia Extinct Access
Vombatus hacketti (Glauert, 1910) Southwest wombat, South-western wombat, Hackett's wombat 7.7ka to 21 ka Australia Extinct Access
Vombatus mitchelli (Owen, 1838) - Late Pleistocene New South Wales, Australia Extinct Access