Glyphis gangeticus (Müller & Henle, 1839)

Ganges shark



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Original description:

Müller, J. and Henle, F. G. J. (1839). Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen (Veit, Berlin), pp. 29-102.


Carcharhinus murrayi (Günther 1887) a synonym?

G. siamensis and G. fowlerae considered synonyms by (Li et al. 2015).


Conservation Status

Last recorded in the 1800's before rediscovery in 1996.

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered















Original scientific description:

Müller, J. and Henle, F. G. J. (1839). Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen (Veit, Berlin), pp. 29-102.


Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Compagno, L., Dando, M. and Fowler, S. 2005. A field guide to the sharks of the world. Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., London.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Sharks of the World: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of the shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsis No. 125, Vol. 4(2). FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. The mysterious Ganges shark. Ichthos 7: 25-26.

Compagno, L.J.V. 1997. Threatened fishes of the world: Glyphis gangeticus (Müller & Henle, 1839) (Carcharhinidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes 40: 400.

Compagno, L.J.V. 2002. Freshwater and estuarine elasmobranch surveys in the Indo-Pacific region: threats, distribution and speciation. In: S.L. Fowler, T.M. Reed and F.A. Dipper (eds) Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management; Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997. IUCN SSC Shark Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Compagno, L.J.V. 2005. Ganges shark Glyphis gangeticus. In: Fowler, S.L., Cavanagh, R.D., Camhi, M., Burgess, G.H., Cailliet, G.M., Fordham, S.V., Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Musick, J.A. (eds). Sharks, rays and chimaeras: the status of the Chondrichthyan fishes. pp. 305-306. IUCN Species Survival Commission Shark Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK.

Compagno, L.J.V. 2007. Glyphis gangeticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2007: e.T9281A12978210. Downloaded on 14 November 2016.

Compagno, L.J.V., White, W.T. & Cavanagh, R.D. (2010). Glyphis fowlerae sp. nov., a new species of river shark (Carcharhiniformes; Carcharhinidae) from northeastern Borneo, pp. 29-44. In: P.R. Last, W.T. White, J.J. Pogonoski (eds.). Descriptions of New Sharks and Rays from Borneo. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 032, 165 pp.

Haque, Alifa Bintha and Das, Sudipta Arka. (2019). New records of the Critically Endangered Ganges shark Glyphis gangeticus in Bangladeshi waters: urgent monitoring needed. Endangered Species Research 40: 65-73.

Jabado, R. W., Kyne, P. M., Nazareth, E. and Sutaria, D. N. (2018). A rare contemporary record of the Critically Endangered Ganges shark Glyphis gangeticus. Journal of Fish Biology. [Abstract]

Li, Chenhong et al. (2015). DNA capture reveals transoceanic gene flow in endangered river sharks. PNAS 112(43): 13302-13307.

Martin, R. A. (2005). Conservation of freshwater and euryhaline elasmobranchs: a review. Journal of the Marine Biological Association U.K. 85(5): 1049-1073.

Roberts, T. R. (2005). Debunking the mythology of the so-called 'freshwater shark of the Ganges', Glyphis gangeticus (Elasmobranchii, Carcharhinidae). In: 7th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference. Howard International Hotel, Taipei, Taiwan. Academica Sinica, Taipei: Ichythological Society of Taiwan. [Abstract Book].

Roberts, T. R. (2006). Rediscovery of Glyphis gangeticus: debunking the mythology of the supposed “Gangetic freshwater shark”. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 54(2): 261-278.


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