Litoria castanea Steindachner, 1867

Yellow-spotted tree frog, Cream-spotted treefrog, Yellow-speckled treefrog (as L. flavipunctata), New England bell frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Litoria flavipunctata Courtice & Grigg, 1975:159


Conservation Status

Last record: 1973 (specimen collected), 1975 (sighting; northern population); 1980 (southern population)

Rediscovered in 2009

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered



New South Wales, Australia


Biology & Ecology










Original scientific description:

Steindachner, F. 1867. Amphibien. pp. 1–70 in, Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorff-Urbair. Zoologie 1(4). Vienna: State Printer. [1869 on title page] [62, pl. 3 figs 9-13].


Other references:

Cogger HG (2000) ‘Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. 6th ed.’ (Reed New Holland: Sydney)

Cogger, H., Cameron, E.E. & Cogger, H.M. (1983). Amphibia. pp. 1-56 in Walton, D.W. (ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 1. Amphibia and Reptilia. Netley, South Australia : Griffin Press Ltd vi 313 pp.

Courtice, G. (1972). A taxonomic revision of the Litoria aurea complex (Anura: Hylidae). B.Sc. (Hons) Honours Thesis, University of Sydney, Sydney. 48 pp.

Courtice, G. P. and Grigg, G. C. (1975). A taxonomic revision of the Litoria aurea complex (Anura: Hylidae) in southeastern Australia. Australian Zoologist 18: 149-163.

Ehmann H, White A (1997) Frog and Tadpole Study Group of NSW. In ‘Threatened Frogs of New South Wales: Habitats, Status and Conservation’ (Ed. H Ehmann) (Frog and Tadpole Study Group of New South Wales: Sydney, Australia)

Heatwole H, de Bavay J, Webber P, Webb G (1995) Faunal survey of New England. IV. The frogs. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 38, 229-249.

Humphries, R. B. (1979). Dynamics of a breeding frog community. PhD dissertation, the Australian National University, Canberra.

Jean-Marc Hero, Harry Hines, Frank Lemckert, Peter Robertson 2004. Litoria castanea. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 16 September 2011.

Mahoney, Michael. (1999). Review of the declines and disappearances within the bell frog species group (Litoria aurea species group) in Australia, pp. 81-93. In: Campbell, Alastair (ed.). Declines and Disappearances of Australian frogs. Canberra: Environment Australia. 234 [236] pp.

Mahony MJ (1996) ‘Research Plan for the Yellow-spotted (Litoria flavipunctata (castanea)) and Peppered (Litoria piperata) Tree-frogs, Final Report.’ Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Endangered Species Program and the NSW NPWS.

Mahony M (1999) Review of the declines and disappearances within the bell frog species group (Litoria aurea species group) in Australia. In ‘Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs’ (Ed. A Campbell) pp. 81-93. (Environment Australia: Canberra)

Mahony, M. J., and Knowles, R. (1993) Research plan for the Yellow-spotted bell frog and Peppered tree-frog. Annual Report to Australian Nature Conservation Agency. Unpublished Report.

Mahony MJ, Lane S, Hamer A, Browne R (2000) ‘Survey for Litoria castanea in the Orange area.’ NSW NPWS, Western Directorate.

NSW NPWS (2001) ‘Yellow-spotted Bell Frog (Litoria castanea) and Peppered Tree Frog (Litoria piperata) recovery plan.’ NSW NPWS, Sydney. 

NSW Scientific Committee. (2008). Yellow-spotted Bell Frog Litoria castanea. Review of current information in NSW. July 2008. Unpublished report arising from the Review of the Schedules of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. NSW Scientific Committee, Hurstville.

Osborne WS, Littlejohn MJ, Thomson SA (1996) Former distribution and apparent disappearance of the Litoria aurea complex from the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. Australian Zoologist 30: 190-198.

Thomson SA, Littlejohn MJ, Robinson WA, Osborne WS. (1996). Taxonomy of the Litoria aurea complex: a re-evaluation of the Southern Tablelands populations of the Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 30, 158-169.

Tyler, Michael J. (1997). The Action Plan for Australian Frogs. Canberra: Wildlife Australia.

White, A. W. and Ehmann, H. (1997). Chapter 18: New England Bell Frog, Litoria castanea/flavipunctata. In: Ehmann, H. (ed.), Threatened Frogs of New South Wales: Habitats, Status and Conservation, pp. 164-169. Frog and Tadpole Study Group of New South Wales, Sydney South, Australia.

White, A. W. and Pyke, G. H. (1999). Past distribution of Litoria aurea and Litoria castanea in the Bathurst-Orange Area of New South Wales. Herpetofauna 29: 2-9.


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