Xerobdella lecomtei von Frauenfeld, 1868

European land leech

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Original scientific description:

Frauenfeld, G. R. (1868). Ein neuer Landegel aus Osterreich, Verh. K.K. Zool.-bot. Gesell. Wein 18: 147-149.

 

Conservation Status

Last seen between 2001 and 2005.

It has been hypothesised that a 3°c average summer temperature rise over the period 1961-2004 induced by humans caused the extinction of the species (Kutschera et al. 2007).

A possible photograph of this species can be found here.

 

Distribution

Birch forests near Graz, Austria

 

Biology

 

Hypodigm

 

Media

 

References

Original scientific description:

Frauenfeld, G. R. (1868). Ein neuer Landegel aus Osterreich, Verh. K.K. Zool.-bot. Gesell. Wein 18: 147-149.

 

Other references:

Rhett A. Butler, mongabay.com (August 26, 2007). European blood-sucker falls victim to global warming. Available from: https://news.mongabay.com/2007/0826-leech.html

Fontaine, B. et al. (2007). The European union’s 2010 target: Putting rare species in focus. Biological Conservation 139(1-2): 167-185. [Abstract]

Kutschera, U., Pfeiffer, I. and Ebermann, E. (2007). The European land leech: biology and DNA-based taxonomy of a rare species that is threatened by climate warming. Naturwissenschaften 94: 967-974.

Moosbrugger, G. and Reisinger, E. (1971). Zur Kenntnis des europäischen Landblutegels Xerobdella lecomtei (Frauenfeld). Z Wiss Zool 183: 1-50.

Penecke, K. A. (1896). Bemerkungen über Verbreitung und Lebensweise von Xerobdella lecomtei Frauenfeld. Zool Anz 19: 412-413.

Reisinger, E. (1951). Lebensweise und Verbreitung des europäischen Landblutegels (Xerobdella lecomtei Frauenfeld). Carinthia II 141: 110-124.

Schuster, F. (1909). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Xerobdella lecomtei v. Frauenfeld. Zool Anz 35: 75-83.

Trontelj, P., Sket, B., Steinbruck, G., 1999. Molecular phylogeny of leeches: congruence of nuclear and mitochondrial rDNA data sets and the origin of bloodsucking. J. Zool. Sys. Evol. Res. 37: 141-147.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?id=83993

https://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/CAR_141_61_0110-0124.pdf

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/14123/xerobdella-lecomtei-european-land-leech

GenBank [url=https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/AF099947]sequence[/url]

 

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