Coregonus alpenae (Koelz, 1924)
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Leucichthys alpenae Koelz, 1924
May be taxonomically invalid (Lee et al. 1980; Todd et al. 1981; Page & Burr, 1991; Robins et al. 1991). Considered valid by other authorities (Smith, 1985; Scott & Crossman, 1998). Some of these references cannot be found in the bibliography below since they are cited by (World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1996) but not included in that publication's bibliography.
Last record: 1975 (Suckling et al. 2004); 1978 (World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1996)
IUCN RedList status: Extinct
Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories (United States) and Hudson Bay and the Great Lakes basin (except Lakes Ontario and Erie) (Canada)
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Koelz, Walter. (1924). Two new species of cisco from the Great Lakes. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology 146: 1-8.
Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Groombridge, B. 1992. Global Biodiversity: Status of the Earth’s Living Resources. Report compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Chapman and Hall, London.
Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 1990. 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1986. 1986 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre. 1988. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Lyons, J., P. A. Cochran, and D. Fago. (2000). Wisconsin fishes 2000: status and distribution. University of Wisconsin Sea Grant, Madison.
Miller, R. R., Williams, J. D. and Williams, J. E. (1989). Extinctions of North American fishes during the past century. Fisheries 14(6): 22-38.
Page, L.M. and Burr, B.M. 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.
Robins, C. R., Bailey, R. M., Bond, C. E., Brooker, J. R., Lachner, E. A., Lea, R. N. and Scott, W. B. (1991). Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Fifth edition. Special Publication No. 20. Bethseda, Maryland: American Fisheries Society.
Suckling, Kieran, Slack, Rhiwena and Nowicki, Brian. (2004). Extinct and the Endangered Species Act. Centre For Biological Diversity. 63 pp.
Todd, T. N., Smith, G. R. and Cable, L. E. (1981). Environmental and genetic contributions to morphological differentiation in ciscoes (Coregoninae) of the Great Lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 38: 59-67.
USFWS. 1983. Deregulation of the Longjaw Cisco and the Blue Pike. United States Fish and Wildife Service, September 2, 1983, 48 FR 39941.
World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Coregonus alpenae. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 09 July 2011.