The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Phelsuma gigas Liénard, 1842

Rodrigues giant day gecko, Rodriguez night gecko



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Gecko newtoni Günther, 1877


Conservation Status

Last record: 1842 or before

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Only known from the recent holotype and some subfossil material.



Frégate Island, Mascarene Islands


Biology & Ecology




Holotype:[/b] BMNH 1965.96






Original scientific description:

Liénard, F. (1842). Descriptions de reptiles, de poissons et de crustacés. Rapport de la Société d’Histoire Naturelle de Maurice, (13):55-57.


Other references:

Austin, J.J.; E. N. Arnold and C. G. Jones. (2004). Reconstructing an island radiation using ancient and recent DNA: the extinct and living day geckos (Phelsuma) of the Mascarene islands. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(1): 109-122.

Cheke, A. S.; Hume, J. P. (2008). Lost Land of the Dodo: an Ecological History of Mauritius, Réunion & Rodrigues. New Haven and London: T. & A. D. Poyser.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Günther, A. (1877). Notice of two extinct lizards, formerly inhabiting the Mascarene Islands. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 13(69): 322-327. [Abstract]

Günther, C. A. L. G. (1879). The extinct reptiles of Rodriguez. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B (Biol. Sci.) 168 (extra volume): 452-456.

Hallmann, G.; Krüger, J. & Trautmann, G. 2008. Faszinierende Taggeckos. Die Gattung Phelsuma. 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 253 pp.

Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Profiles of Extinction #10. Rodrigues Giant Day Gecko. Reptilia (GB) (36): 3.

Liénard. (1842). Rapport de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Maurice (13): 55-57. [relevant citation?]

Rocha, Sara et al. (2010). Phylogenetic systematics of day geckos, genus Phelsuma, based on molecular and morphological data (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2429: 1-28. [Abstract]

Rösler, Herbert. (2001). Zur Rumpfbeschuppung der Gattung Phelsuma GRAY 1825: zoogeographische Aspekte (Sauria: Gekkonedae). Gekkota 3: 47-73.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Phelsuma gigas. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. ( Downloaded on 21 July 2013.


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