Hoplodactylus delcourti Bauer & Russel, 1986
Kawekaweau, Delcourt's (giant) gecko
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
IUCN RedList status: Extinct
Unknown, but probably (or possibly) New Zealand.
Although believed by (Bauer & Russel, 1986) to have come from New Zealand because of its taxonomic affinities with the herpetofauna of that country, (Towns & Daugherty, 1994) were more cautious in their assessment, noting that "evidence of a New Zealand origin is still circumstantial" (p. 326). Hitchmough et al. (2010) summarized the evidence in favour of a New Zealand origin of the only known specimen:
"linked to New Zealand only by its taxonomic position and agreement in appearance with Māori and early European settler reports" (p. 211)
Given that New Zealand is, at least compared with other possible origins of [i]H. delcourti[/i], herpetologically well explored, if it did indeed originate from there then its survival to the present is very unlikely. However, if the specimen came from somewhere else then it's continued existence may or may not be more probable, depending upon its true geographical origin.
Only known from the holotype.
[b]Holotype:[/b] MMNH 1985-38 (Bauer & Russel, 1986)
Original scientific description:
Bauer, Aaron M. and Russel, Anthony P. (1986). Hoplodactylus delcourti n. sp. (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), the largest known gecko. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 13(1): 141-148.
John Andrews. 'European discovery of plants and animals - Cook’s second voyage, and the French', Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 14-Nov-12
Bauer, Aaron M. and Russell, Anthony P. (1987). Hoplodactylus delcourti (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) and the Kawekaweau of Maori Folklore. Journal of Ethnobiology 7: 83-91.
Bauer, Aaron M. and Russell, Anthony P. (1988). Osteological Evidence for the Prior Occurrence of a Giant Gecko in Otago, New Zealand. Cryptozoology 7: 22-37.
Bauer, Aaron M. and Russell, Anthony P. (1990). Recent Advances in the Search for the Living Giant Gecko of New Zealand. Cryptozoology 9: 66-73.
Author? (1990). Search for Giant Gecko Intensifies. ISC Newsletter 9(4): 1-4.
Hitchmough, R.; Anderson, P.; Barr, B.; Monks, J.; Lettink, M.; Reardon, J.; Tocher, M.; Whitaker, T. (2013).
Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 2. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 16 pp.
Hitchmough, R.; Barr, B.; Lettink,M.; Monks, J.; Reardon, J.; Tocher, M.; van Winkel, D.; Rolfe, J. (2016). Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2015. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 17. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 14 pp.
Hitchmough, R. A., Hoare, J. M., Jamieson, H., Newman, D., Tocher, M. D., Anderson, P. J., Lettink, M. and Whitaker, A. H. (2010). Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2009. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 37(3): 203-224.
Naish, Darren. (2004). New Zealand’s giant gecko: a review of current knowledge of [i]Hoplodactylus delcourti[/i] and the kawekaweau of legend. The Cryptozoology Review 4(2): 17-21.
Raynal, Michel and Dethier, Michel. (1990). Lézards géants des Maoris: La verité derrière la légende. Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéene de Lyon 59: 85-91.
Shuker, Karl P. N. (2012). The Encyclopaedia of New and Rediscovered Animals. Coachwhip Publications. 370 pp. [Relevant text]
Skinner, H. D. (1964). Crocodile and Lizard in New Zealand Myth and Material Culture. Records of the Otago Museum, Anthropology 1: 1-43.
Towns, D. R. and Daugherty, Charles H. (1994). Patterns of range contractions and extinctions in the New Zealand herpetofauna following human colonisation. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 21(4): 325-339.
World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Hoplodactylus delcourti. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 13 August 2012.
Worthy, Trevor H. (2016). A Review of the Fossil Record of New Zealand Lizards, pp. 65-86. In: Chapple, David (ed.). New Zealand Lizards. Springer. XVI + 375 pp. [Abstract]
Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (2002). The Lost World of the Moa. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press.