The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Cyclura onchiopsis Cope, 1885

Navassa Island iguana, Navassa rhinoceros iguana



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis Cope, 1885; Cyclura nigerrima Cope, 1885; Cyclura onchiopsis Cope, 1886; Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis Schwartz & Thomas, 1975; Cyclura cornuta onchiopsis Schwartz & Carey, 1977; Cyclura onchiopsis Powell, 1999; Cyclura onchiopsis Joseph-Ouni, 2007


Conservation Status

Last record: mid 19th century

IUCN RedList status: Extinct



Navassa Island, Puerto Rico


Biology & Ecology




Holotype: USNM 9977

Type locality: Navassa Island


Paratype: USNM 12239

For a photograph of each of these preserved specimens see [url=]here[/url].






Original scientific description:

Cope, E. D. (1885). The large iguanas of the Greater Antilles. Amer. Nat. 19: 1005-1006.


Other references:

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Lemm, J. M. and Alberts, A. C. (2012). [i]Cyclura[/i]. Elsevier / Academic Press. 221 pp.

Powell, Robert. (1999). Herpetology of Navassa Island, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of Science 35: 1-13.

Powell, R. (2000). Cyclura onchiopsis. Catalog of American Amphibians and Reptiles 710: 1-3.

Powell, R. (2010). Cyclura onchiopsis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 23 October 2011.

Powell, Robert and Henderson, Robert W. (2012). Island lists of West Indian amphibians and reptiles. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 51(2): 85-166. [considers this taxon possibly extinct]

Uetz, P. et. al., The Reptile Database, , accessed December 11, 2010.#


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