The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Leiopelma markhami Worthy, 1987

Markham’s frog



Taxonomy & Nomenclature



Conservation Status




North Island and South Island, New Zealand






Holotype: S.023120 (photograph)


Other specimens:

W0311.1 (Worthy, 1991:347)

W0374.J + 374.2 (Worthy, 1991:348)






Original scientific description:

Worthy, Trevor H. (1987a). Osteology of Leiopelma (Amphibia: Leiopelmatidae) and descriptions of three new subfossil Leiopelma species. Journal of the Royal Society of NZ. 17: 201-251.


Other references:

Burns, R.J.; Bell, B.D.; Haigh, A.; Bishop, P.; Easton, L.; Wren, S.; Germano, J.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Rolfe, J.R.; Makan, T. (2018). Conservation status of New Zealand amphibians, 2017. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 25. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 7 pp.

Carr, L. M., (Trish) McLenachan, P. A., Waddell, P. J., Gemmell, N. J., Penny, D. (2015). Analyses of the mitochondrial genome of Leiopelma hochstetteri argues against the full drowning of New Zealand. Journal of Biogeography. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12482 [Abstract]

Easton, Luke John. (2018). Taxonomy and genetic management of New Zealand’s Leiopelma frogs. Thesis, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. 181 pp.

Easton, Luke J. et al. (2017). Testing species limits of New Zealand’s leiopelmatid frogs through morphometric analyses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.

Easton, Luke J. et al. (2018). Re-examining Leiopelmatidae inside out: skeletal and external morphology of New Zealand’s endemic frogs suggests extinctions of cryptic taxa, pp. 7. In: J. M. Monks and S. Penniket (eds.). Recent developments in New Zealand herpetofauna research: Abstracts of papers presented at the 17th biennial conference of the Society for Research on Amphibians and Reptiles in New Zealand (DOC Research and Development Series 353). Wellington: New Zealand Department of Conservation. 13 pp.

Newman, D. (1996). Native frog (Leiopelma spp.) recovery plan. Threatened Species Recovery Plan 18. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 35 p.

Newman, D.G.; Bell, B.D.; Bishop, P.J.; Burns, R.J.; Haigh, A.; Hitchmough, R.A. (2013). Conservation status of New Zealand frogs, 2013. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 5. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 10 pp.

Seersholm, Frederik V. et al. (2018). Subsistence practices, past biodiversity, and anthropogenic impacts revealed by New Zealand-wide ancient DNA survey. PNAS. [Supplementary information]

Worthy, Trevor H. (1987b). Palaeoecological information concerning members of the frog genus Leiopelma: Leiopelmatidae in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 17: 409-420.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1991). Fossil skink bones from Northland, New Zealand, and description of a new species of Cyclodina, Scincidae. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 21(4): 329-348.

Worthy, Trevor H. (1993). Fossils of Honeycomb Hill. Museum of New Zealand, Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington. 56 pp.

Worthy, Trevor H. (2001). A fossil vertebrate fauna accumulated by laughing owls (Sceloglaux albifacies) on the Gouland Downs, northwest Nelson, South Island. Notornis 48(4): 225-233.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (1993). Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in the Punakaiki area, West Coast, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 23(3): 147-254.

Worthy, T. H. and Holdaway, R. N. (1994). Quaternary fossil faunas from caves in Takaka Valley and on Takaka Hill, northwest Nelson, South Island, New Zealand. Journal of The Royal Society of New Zealand 24(3): 297-391.

Worthy, Trevor H. and Holdaway, Richard N. (2000). Terrestrial fossil vertebrate faunas from inland Hawke's Bay, North Island, New Zealand. Part 1. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 89-154.

Worthy, Trevor H., Miskelly, Colin M. and Ching, Bob A. (R.). (2002). Taxonomy of North and South Island snipe (Aves: Scolopacidae: Coenocorypha), with analysis of a remarkable collection of snipe bones from Greymouth, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 29(3): 231-244.


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