The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Potorous platyops Gould, 1844:103

Broad-faced potoroo, Broad-faced rat-kangaroo, moda, Broad-toothed Potoroo (idiosyncratic) (used by CALM, 1995)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Hypsiprymnus platyops Gould, 1844:103; Potorous morgani Finlayson, 1938; Potorous platyops morgani Finlayson, 1938

 

Conservation Status

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

Last Record: 1874/5 or before (specimen); 1976 or 1977 (possible unconfirmed report)

 

Modern reports

According to (Thornback & Jenkins, 1984):

"In 1977 it was reported that a recent intensive search for the species conducted by the Western Australian Department of Fisheries and Wildlife had failed to locate it, though in the same year there were reports of a small mammal seen by loggers clear-felling in the Shannon Basin which may have been this species or the western subspecies of the Long-nosed Potoroo ([b]Potorous tridactylus gilberti[/b]) which has also not been collected since the last century [(Anonymous, 1977)]." (p. 43)

 

That recent intensive search by the WA Department of Fisheries and Wildlife involved expeditions to islands off the south-west coast that had never been searched previously (Anonymous, 1976b).

 

Distribution

Western Australia (historically) and South Australia (including Kangaroo Island) (prehistorically), Australia

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

Type locality: "Walyema Swamps, about forty miles north-east of Northam, Western Australia"

[b]Syntypes of [i]Potorous morgani[/i]:[/b]

SAM. P. 168 ("skull and partial skeleton")
SAM. P.3413 ("skull")
Notes
[b]Historical records:[/b]

The first specimens were collected by John Gilbert in 1842-43 near Goomalling and King George's Sound, in the Wheatbelt and south-west of WA, respectively. Masters then collected four specimens at King George's Sound and the Pallinup River.

Five specimens were received by the National Museum, Victoria from dealers in 1874 and 1875 (Ride, 1970:199). These seem to be the last record of the species, as a report of a specimen sent to the Zoological Society of London in 1908 (Glauert, 1933:26; Troughton, 1957:165) is probably a misidentified juvenile Quokka (Setonix brachyurus) (Ride, 1970:199; Calaby, 1971).

 

Prehistoric records

Remains from Yanchep, Western Australia were reported by (Archer, 1972). Butler and Merrilees (1971) reported remains from Bremer Bay in the same state. Kendrick & Porter (1974) a single molar tooth from north-western WA. Lundelius and Turnbull (1984) found the species in Madura Cave, same state. The only prehistoric mainland records from SA that I am aware of are (Wakefield, 1964; McDowell & Medlin, 2010; McDowell et al. 2012).

 

Kangaroo Island, South Australia

Another species of Potorous, P. morgani, was described from two subfossil skulls found in Kelly Hill Caves, Kangaroo Island, South Australia (Finlayson, 1938). Further remains of [i]P. morgani[/i] were reported by (Cooper & Condon, 1947). However, this species was later synonymized with P. platyops (Ride, 1970:224; Calaby & Richardson, 1988), where it has since stayed. Additional specimens from the same site by Matthew McDowell, as well as from Cape du Couedic and Seton Rockshelter have been excavated (Haouchar et al. 2014; K. Walshe, pers. comm. May 2014).

Robinson and Kemper (1999) state:

"Since P. platyops is known only as a living animal from the south-west of Western Australia at the time of European settlement and no sightings were recorded of animals that fit its description, it is likely that it was already extinct on Kangaroo Island at that time." (p. 187)

More recent remains from Kangaroo Island have been reported by (Walshe, 2014) which show that it was present on Kangaroo Island post-European contact (contra Robinson & Kemper, 1999), and became extinct due to hunting pressure (K. Walshe, pers. comm. April 2014). The species may therefore be mentioned in early KI literature, however I know of no such mention, and clearly nor do (Robinson & Kemper, 1999:187).

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1844). Exhibition and character of a number of animals, &c. transmitted from Australia by Mr. Gilbert. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1844: 103-107.

 

Other references:

Abbott, Ian. (2001). Aboriginal names of mammals species in south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3(4): 433-486.

Abbott, Ian. (2008). Historical perspectives of the ecology of some conspicuous vertebrate species in south-west Western Australia. Conservation Science W. Aust. 6(3): 1-214.

Anonymous. (1970). Kangaroos & wallabies facing extinction. S.W.A.N.S. 1(2): 11.

Anonymous. (1973). Additional protection for rare fauna. S.W.A.N.S. 4(2): 31-33.

Anonymous. (1976a). Our Diminishing Heritage. S.W.A.N.S. 6(1): 12-13.

Anonymous. (1976b). Potoroo search—a continuing saga. S.W.A.N.S. 6(2): 38-39.

Anonymous. (1977a). The elusive Potoroo. Oryx 14(2): 119.

Anonymous. (1977b). Terrestrial native mammals of Western Australia. S.W.A.N.S. 7(1): 7-8. [a mere listing as being native to WA]

Archer, M. (1972). Phascolarctos (Marsupialia, Vombatoidea) and an Associated Fossil Fauna From Koala Cave Near Yanchep, Western Australia. Helictite 10(3): 49-59.

Australasian Mammal Assessment Workshop. (2008). Potorous platyops. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 24 September 2011.

Bamford, Mandy et al. (2009). Mammals of the Avon Region. Bentley, W.A.: Department of Environment and Conservation. 132 pp. [pp. 66-67]

Baynes, Alexander and Jones, Barbara. (1993). The mammals of Cape Range peninsula, Western Australia, pp. 207-226. In: Humphreys, W. F. (ed.). The Biogeography of Cape Range, Western Australia. Perth: Western Australian Museum.

Burbidge, A. (2004). Threatened Animals of Western Australia. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Butler, W. H. and Merrilees, D. (1971). Remains of Potorous platyops (Marsupialia, Macropodidae) and other mammals from Bremer Bay, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 54(2): 53-58.

Calaby, J. H. (1969). Australian Mammals since 1770. Australian Natural History 16(8): 271-275.

Calaby, J. H. (1971). The current status of Australian Macropodidae. Aust. Zool. 16: 17-29.

Calaby, J. H. and Richardson, B. J. (1988). Potoroidae. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.). Bureau of Flora and Fauna, Canberra: Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 5 Mammalia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

CALM. (1995). Dryandra Woodland Management Plan 1995-2005. Perth: Department of Conservation and Land Management. [idiosyncratic common name: Broad-toothed Potoroo; cites (Sanders & Harold, 1991) in regards to this species only inhabiting the Wheatbelt in WA but no such mention can be found in S&H]

Condon, H. T. (1967). Kangaroo Island and its vertebrate land fauna. Australian Natural History 15(12): 409-412.

Cooper, H. M. and Condon, H. T. (1947). On some fragments of emu egg-shell from an ancient camp-site on Kangaroo Island. South Australian Ornithologist 18(7): 66-68.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Endangered Species Committee of the Total Environment Centre. (1983). Our Wildlife in Peril. Frenchs Forest, NSW: A H & A W Reed.

Finlayson, Hedley Herbert. (1938). On a new species of Potorous (Marsupialia) from a cave deposit on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 62(1): 132-140.

Glauert, Ludwig. (1933). The distribution of the marsupials in Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 19: 17-32.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gould, John. (1846). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. The Tasmanian journal of natural science, agriculture, statistics, &c. 2(11): 440-447. [pp. 440-442]

Gould, John. (1863). The Mammals of Australia. London.

Haouchar, Dalal et al. (2014). Thorough assessment of DNA preservation from fossil bone and sediments excavated from a late Pleistocene-Holocene cave deposit on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 84: 56-64.

Hope, J. H., R. J. Lampert, E. Edmondson, M. J. Smith, and G. F. Van Tets. (1977). Late Pleistocene faunal remains from Seton rock shelter, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Biogeography 4: 363-385.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 205]

How, R. A., Cooper, N. K. and Bannister, J. L. (2001). Checklist of the mammals of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement No. 63: 91-98.

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Janis, Christine M. (1990). Correlation of cranial and dental variables with dietary preferences in mammals: a comparison of macropodoids and ungulates. Mem. Qd. Mus. 28(1): 349-366.

Johnson, C. (2006). Australia's mammal extinctions: a 50 000 year history. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Johnston, P. G. and Sharman, G. B. (1976). Studies on populations of Potorous Desmarest (Marsupialia). I. Morphological variation. Aust. J. Zool. 24: 573-588.

Johnston, P. G. and Sharman, G. B. (1977). Studies on populations of Potorous Desmarest (Marsupialia). II. Electrophoretic, chromosomal and breeding studies. Aust. J. Zool. 25: 733-747.

Kendrick, George W. and Porter, Jennifer K. (1974). Remains of a Thylacine (Marsupialia: Dasyuroidea) and other fauna from caves in the Cape Range, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 56(4): 116-122.

Kitchener, D. J. (1983). Broad-faced potoroo Potorous platyops, pp. 182. In: Strahan, R. (ed.). Complete Book of Australian Mammals. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Kitchener, D. J. (1995). Broad-faced Potoroo, Potorous platyops, pp. 300-301. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Kitchener, D. J., Chapman, A., Muir, B. G. and Palmer, M. (1980). The conservation value for mammals of reserves in the western Australian wheatbelt. Biological Conservation 18(3): 179-207. [last specimen in WA Wheatbelt collected in c.1875]

Kitchener, D. J. and Friend, J. A. (2008). Broad-faced Potoroo, Potorous platyops. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 301-302. Reed New Holland, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Krefft, Gerard. (1871). The Mammals of Australia, Illustrated by Harriett Scott and Helena Forde for the Council of Education ; With a Short Account of All the Species Hitherto Described. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.

Lundelius, Ernest L. (1963). Vertebrate remains from the Nullarbor Caves, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 46: 75-80.

Lundelius, Ernest L. and Turnbull, W. D. (1984). The mammalian fauna of Madura Cave, Western Australia. Part VI: Macropodidae: Potorinae. Fieldiana, Geology, new series no. 14. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.

Lundelius, Ernest L., and W. D. Turnbull. (1989). The mammalian fauna of Madura Cave, Western Australia. Part VII: Macropodidae: Sthenurinae, Macropodinae, with a review of the marsupial portion of the fauna. Fieldiana, Geology, new series 17: 1-71.

Macken, Amy C. and Reed, Elizabeth H. (2013). Late Quaternary small mammal faunas of the Naracoorte caves world heritage area. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 137(1): 53-67.

Mahoney, J. A. and Ride, W. D. L. (1975). Index to the genera and species of fossil Mammalia described from Australia and New Guinea between 1838 and 1968. Western Australian Museum Special Publication 6: 1-250.

McDowell, M. C., Baynes, A., Medlin, G. C. and Prideaux, G. J. (2012). The impact of European colonization on the late-Holocene non-volant mammals of Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. The Holocene 22(12): 1441-1450.

McDowell, M. C., Bestland, E. A., Bertuch, F., Ayliffe, L. K., Hellstrom, J. C., Jacobsen, G. E. and Prideaux, G. J. (2013). Chronology, stratigraphy and palaeoenvironmental interpretation of a Late Pleistocene to mid-Holocene cave accumulation on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Boreas 42(4): 974-994. [Abstract]

McDowell, M. C. and Medlin, G. C. (2010). Natural Resource Management implications of the pre-European non-volant mammal fauna of the southern tip of Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Australian Mammalogy 32: 87-93. [automatic download]

Monks, Carly Elizabeth. (2018). Fire and Fauna: Investigating Aboriginal land management in the Northern Sawn Coastal Plain, Western Australia. BA (Hons) thesis, School of Social Sciences, Archaeology, The University of Western Australia. xvii + 346 pp.

Ogilby, J. Douglas. (1892). Catalogue of Australian Mammals, with Introductory Notes on General Mammalogy. Australian Museum, Sydney: Catalogue No. 16: viii + 142 pp.

Pledge, Neville S. (1990). The Upper Fossil Fauna of the Henschke Fossil Cave, Naracoorte, South Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (Proceedings of the De Vis Symposium) 28(1): 247-262.

Poole, W. E. (1979). The status of the Australian Macropodidae, pp. 13-27. In: Tyler, Michael J. (ed.). The status of endangered Australian wildlife. Adelaide.

Prideaux, G. J., R. G. Roberts, D. Megirian, K. E. Westaway, J. C. Hellstrom, and J. M. Olley. (2007). Mammalian responses to Pleistocene climate change in southeastern Australia. Geology 35: 33-36.

Reed, E. H., and S. J. Bourne. (2000). Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites from the South East region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124: 61-90.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, A. C. and Kemper, C. M. (1999). Mammals, pp. 187-203. In: Robinson, A. C. and Armstrong, D. M. (eds.). (1999).
A Biological Survey of Kangaroo Island, South Australia, 1989 & 1990. South Australia: Heritage and Biodiversity Section, Department for Environment, Heritage and Aboriginal Affairs.

Thomas, O. (1888). Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History). xiii + 401 pp.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. xxix + 516 pp.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1943). The kangaroo family. Rat kangaroos, 1. The Australian Museum Magazine 8(5): 171-175.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1957). Furred Animals of Australia, 6th edition. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Tyler, Michael J. (ed.). (1979). The Status of Endangered Australasian Wildlife. South Australia: Royal Zoological Society of South Australia.

Wakefield, N. A. (1964). Mammal Remains. Appendix 1 to Archaeological excavation of Rock Shelter No. 6. Fromm's Landing, South Australia. By D. Mulvaney, G. H. Lawton and C.R. Twidale. Proc. R. Soc. Vic . 77: 94-98.

Walshe, Keryn. (2014). Archaeological Evidence for a Sealer's and Wallaby Hunter's Skinning Site on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. The Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 9(1): 130-143. [Abstract]

Waterhouse, George Robert. (1845). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, Containing the Order Marsupiata or Pouched Animals. London: Hippolyte Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.

Wells, Rod T., Moriarty, K. and Williams, D. L. G. (1984). The fossil vertebrate deposits of Victoria Fossil Cave Naracoorte: an introduction to the geology and fauna. The Australian Zoologist 21(4): 305-333.

Westerman, M., Loke, S. and Springer, M. S. (2004). Molecular phylogenetic relationships of two extinct potoroid marsupials, Potorous platyops and Caloprymnus campestris (Potoroinae: Marsupialia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31(2): 476-485. [Abstract]

https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/938502#page/57/mode/1up

ftp://rock.geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2007/2007016.pdf

https://archive.org/stream/MemoirsQueensla28Quee#page/364/mode/2up

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/6299/potorous-platyops-broad-faced-potoroo

 

<< Back to the Diprotodontia database