The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Lagorchestes leporides Gould, 1841:93

Eastern hare wallaby, Eastern hare-wallaby, Brown hare-wallaby, Hare wallaby (Krefft, 1866:20), Common hare-wallaby (archaic), Hare-like kangaroo (Waterhouse, 1841:204), turatt (Murray-Darling aboriginal name) (see Krefft, 1866:20)



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Macropus leporoïdes Gould, 1841:93; Lagorchestes leporoïdes Gould, 1841:93; Lagorchestes leporoides Gould, 1841:93 (orthographic error, used by Krefft, 1871:4); Macropus leporides Gould, 1841; Largoehestes leporides (orthographic error; used by, Dawson, 1985:67)


Conservation Status

Last record: 1890 (Marlow, 1958; Calaby, 1971)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


The species is only known historically from Victoria by two specimens collected from Mt. Hope, Northern Plains (Bennett et al. 2006), but may have also occurred in the Mallee region (Williams, 1995). The last specimen was collected in 1890 from north of Booligal, New South Wales (Poole, 1979:16).



New South Wales, South Australia & Victoria, Australia

Prehistorically: Mannalargenna Cave, Prime Seal Island, Furneaux Islands, Tasmania (Brown, 1993)






Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard, has one specimen:

MCZ 1880 (skin and skull; sex unspecified)


Merseyside County Museums, Liverpool, has three specimens:

MCM D207a (ss; adult female)
MCM D564 (sk; adult female)
MCM D564a (sk; juvenile female)


Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali of Torino, Italy

MZUT T514 (mount; unsexed adult) (Ghiraldi et al., 2021)
MZUT T515 (mount; unsexed adult) (Ghiraldi et al., 2021)
MZUT T516 (mount; unsexed adult) (Ghiraldi et al., 2021)


Western Australian Museum, Perth:

WAM 2657 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:52)






Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1841). On five new species of kangaroos. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1840: 92-94.


Other references:

"An Old Bushman" [Morton, William Lockhart]. (1861). Notes of a tour in the Wimmera District. The Yoeman, and Australian Acclimatizer 1. ["paddy(-)melons" might refer to this species (Bennett et al. 2006)]

Anonymous. (1842). New species of kangaroosTasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c. 1(4): 300-303.

Australasian Mammal Assessment Workshop. (2008). Lagorchestes leporides. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. ( Downloaded on 02 July 2011.

Bennett, Andrew F., Lumsden, Linda F. and Menkhorst, Peter W. (1989). Mammals of the mallee region of south-eastern Australia, pp. 191-220. In: Noble, J. and Bradstock, R. (eds.). Mediterranean Landscapes in Australia: Mallee Ecosytems and Their Management. CSIRO. [relevant reference?]

Bennett, Andrew F., Lumsden, Linda F. and Menkhorst, Peter W. (2006). Mammals of the Mallee Region, Victoria: past, present and future. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 118(2): 259-280.

Boddy, A., McGowen, M., Sherwood, C., Grossman, L., Goodman, M., Wildman, D. (2012). Data from: Comparative analysis of encephalization in mammals reveals relaxed constraints on anthropoid primate and cetacean brain scaling. Dryad Digital Repository. doi: 10.5061/dryad.5kh0b362

Brown, S. (1993). Mannalargenna Cave: a Pleistocene site in Bass Strait. In: Smith, M., Spriggs, M., Fankhauser, B. (Eds.), Sahul in Review. Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, pp. 258-271.

Calaby, J. H. (1971). The current status of Australian Macropodidae. Australian Zoology 16: 17-31.

Dawson, Lyndall. (1985). Marsupial fossils from Wellington Caves, New South Wales; the historic and scientific significance of the collections in the Australia Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 37(2): 55-69.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Ellis, Murray and Henle, Klaus. (1988). The mammals of Kinchega National Park western New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 25(1): 1-5.

Fisher, Clem T. (1984). Australasian mammal specimens in the collections of the Merseyside County Museums. Australian Mammalogy 7(4): 205-213.

Flannery, Timothy. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: RD Press. 192 pp.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [1.598-3 kg estimate]

Ghiraldi, Luca et al. (2021). Revised catalogue of monotremes and marsupials in the historic mammal collection housed at Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali of Torino, Italy. Bonn zoological Bulletin 70(1): 1-14.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gould, John. (1863). The Mammals of Australia. London: Taylor & Francis.

Gray, John Edward. (1843). List of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. London, The Trustees.

Harper, Francis. (1945). Extinct and vanishing mammals of the Old World. New York, USA: American Committee for International Wild Life Protection.

Hope, J. H., R. J. Lampert, E. Edmondson, M. J. Smith, and G. F. Van Tets. (1977). Late Pleistocene faunal remains from Seton rock shelter, Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Biogeography 4: 363-385.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 208]

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Janis, Christine M. (1990). Correlation of cranial and dental variables with dietary preferences in mammals: a comparison of macropodoids and ungulates. Mem. Qd. Mus. 28(1): 349-366.

Johnson, C. (2006). Australia's mammal extinctions: a 50 000 year history. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Kirsch, J. A. W., and J. H. Calaby. 1977. The species of living marsupials: An annotated list. Pp. 9-26, in The biology of marsupials (B. Stonehouse and D. Gilmore, eds.). University Park Press, Baltimore, 486 pp.

Kitchener, D. J. and Vicker, E. (1981). Catalogue of Modern Mammals in the Western Australian Museum 1895 to 1981. Perth: Western Australian Museum. 184 pp.

Krefft, Gerard. (1864). Catalogue of Mammalia in the Collection of the Australian Museum. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Krefft, Gerard. (1866). On the vertebrated animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy, and geographical distribution. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales 1862-1865: 1-33.

Krefft, Gerard. (1871). The Mammals of Australia, Illustrated by Harriett Scott and Helena Forde for the Council of Education ; With a Short Account of All the Species Hitherto Described. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.

Lucas, Arthur Henry Shakespeare and Le Souëf, William Henry Dudley. (1909). The Animals of Australia: Mammals, Reptiles and Amphibians. Melbourne: Whitcombe and Tombs.

Marlow, B. J. (1958). A survey of the marsupials of New South Wales. CSIRO Wildl. Res. 3: 71-114. [Abstract]

McDowell, M. C., Baynes, A., Medlin, G. C. and Prideaux, G. J. (2012). The impact of European colonization on the late-Holocene non-volant mammals of Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. The Holocene 22(12): 1441-1450.

McNamara, J. C. (1997). Some smaller macropod fossils of South Australia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 117: 97-106.

Menkhorst, Peter W. (2009). Blandowski’s mammals: Clues to a lost world. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 121(1): 61-89.

Menkhorst, Peter W. and Beardsell, C. M. (1982). Mammals of southwestern Victoria from the Little Desert to the coast. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 94: 221-247. [relevant citation?]

Ogilby, J. Douglas. (1892). Catalogue of Australian Mammals, with Introductory Notes on General Mammalogy. Australian Museum, Sydney: Catalogue No. 16: viii + 142 pp.

Ovington, D. (1978). Australian Endangered Species. Australia: Cassell.

Pledge, Neville S. (1990). The Upper Fossil Fauna of the Henschke Fossil Cave, Naracoorte, South Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum (Proceedings of the De Vis Symposium) 28(1): 247-262.

Poole, W. E. (1979). The status of the Australian Macropodidae, pp. 13-27. In: Tyler, Michael J. (ed.). The Status of Endangered Australasian Wildlife. Adelaide: Royal Zoological Society of South Australia.

Prideaux, G. J., R. G. Roberts, D. Megirian, K. E. Westaway, J. C. Hellstrom, and J. M. Olley. (2007). Mammalian responses to Pleistocene climate change in southeastern Australia. Geology 35: 33-36.

Reed, E. H. and Bourne, S. J. (2000). Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the south east region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124: 61-90.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Seebeck, John Hilary. (1995). Terrestrial mammals in Victoria–a history of discovery. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 107(1): 11-23.

Strahan, Ronald. (1983). The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian Mammals. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.

Strahan, Ronald. (1988). Eastern Hare-wallaby, pp. 196. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Complete Book of Australian Mammals, 2nd edn. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Strahan, Ronald. (1995). Eastern Hare-wallaby, Lagorchestes leporides, pp. 319-320. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Strahan, R. (2008). Eastern Hare-wallaby, Lagorchestes leporides. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 320-321. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.

Tedford, R. H. (1967). The fossil Macropodidae from Lake Menindee, New South Wales. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences 64: 1-156.

Theden-Ringl, Fenja et al. (2020). Characterizing Environmental Change and Species’ Histories from Stratified Faunal Records in Southeastern Australia: A Regional Review and a Case Study for the Early to Middle Holocene. Records of the Australian Museum 72(5): 207-223.

Thomas, O. (1888). Catalogue of the Marsupialia and Monotremata in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). London: British Museum (Natural History). xiii + 401 pp, including 33 pls.

Thornback, Jane and Jenkins, Martin (compilers). (1982). The IUCN Mammal Red Data Book. Part 1: Threatened Mammalian Taxa of the Americas and the Australasian Zoogeographic Region (Excluding Cetacea). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 516 pp.

Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1941). Furred Animals of Australia. Sydney: Angus and Robertson Ltd.

Wakefield, N. A. (1966a). Mammals of the Blandowski Expedition to north-western Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 79(2): 371-391.

Wakefield, N. A. (1966b). Mammals recorded for the mallee, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 79(2): 627-636.

Wakefield, N. A. (1974). "Mammals of Western Victoria". p. 35 in: Proceedings of Symposium the Natural History of Western Victoria (eds. M.H. Douglas and L. O'Brien, Aust. Inst. Agric. Sci.).

Waterhouse, George Robert. (1841). Marsupialia, or Pouched Animals (Mammalia, vol. XI). In: Jardine, William (ser. ed.). The Naturalist's Library (vol. XXIV). Edinburgh: W.H. Lizars / London: Henry G. Bohn. xvi + 324 pp.

Waterhouse, George Robert. (1846). A Natural History of the Mammalia. Volume 1, Containing the Order Marsupiata or Pouched Animals. London: Hippolyte Baillière. 553 pp + 20 pls.

Williams, L. M. (1995). Eastern Hare-wallaby Lagorchestes leporides (Gould, 1841), pp. 135. In: Menkhorst, P. W. (ed.). Mammals of Victoria: Distribution, Ecology and Conservation. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Wilson, D. E. and Reeder, D. M. (2005). Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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