The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Onychogalea fraenata Gould, 1841:92

Bridled nail-tailed wallaby, Bridled nailtail wallaby, Bridled wallaby, Bridled kangaroo (Gray, 1843:88), Merrin (Murray-Darling aboriginal name) (Krefft, 1866:19), "Flash Jack" (Troughton, 1957:189), Flashjack, Waistcoat wallaby, Bridled kangaroo (Waterhouse, 1841:202)

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Onychogalea frenatus Gould, 1841:92; Macropus frenatus Gould, 1840:685; Macropus frænatus Gould, 1841:92; Onychogale frænata Gould, 1841:92; Onichogalea frenatus Gould, 1841:92; Onychogale frenata Gould, 1841:92 (used by Lucas & Le Souëf, 1909:78)

 

Conservation Status

Last record: 1930 (Flannery et al., 1990:88); 1937 (Ride, 1970:207); c.1939-1949 (Gordon & Lawrie, 1980:341)

Rediscovered in 1973 (Gordon & Lawrie, 1980)

IUCN RedList status: Endangered

 

Pre-European distribution

Dawson (1985) lists the species from Wellington Caves, New South Wales.

Williams (1982) appears to have collected (sub)fossil remains from South Australia (publ. unsighted by the present author).

 

European discovery and distribution

Holotype: BMNH 41.1130 (adult male, skin and skull)

Type locality: "interior of N.S.W." (Calaby & Richardson, 1988)

John Gilbert, one of John Gould's many collectors, recorded in his diary for 1845 several previously unpublished localities for central and north Queensland (Gordon & Lawrie, 1980:341).

Carl Lumholtz collected the species in the Rockhampton district, Queensland, in 1880-1884 (Finlayson, 1931:85).

 

Translocated population

Individuals were released onto Bulba Island (now Pulbah Island) in Lake Macquarie, N.S.W. prior to its initial disappearance (in the 1930's) in the hopes of conserving the species (Troughton, 1941,1957:189). This translocated population would presumably have been monitored, particularly as the species disappeared from it's natural range by the late 1930's. However, Ride (1970:207-208) notes that a "recent inspection by Mr F. Hersey, the Chief Field Officer of the New South Wales Fauna Protection Panel, has failed to reveal the presence of any". Indicating that the population was largely forgotten about.

 

Disappearance

The last records that I can find are as follows:

Manilla, north-east New South Wales, 1924, at least one specimen collected (Ride, 1970:207)

Southern Queensland, c.1927-1928, "its pelts were frequently seen in the sales two or three years ago" (Longman, 1930:59)

Dawson Valley, central coastal Queensland, Herbert Hedley Finlayson observed it twice in Summer 1928-1929 (Finlayson, 1931:85)

Dawson River, south-eastern Queensland, 1929, one or two specimens taken (Ride, 1970:207)

Dawson Valley, Queensland, 1930 (Flannery et al., 1990:88)

"at an unrecorded place, possibly in central Queensland, in 1937", a specimen taken? (Ride, 1970:207)

The Southernwood station specimen, central Queensland, collected 30-40 years ago (viz. c.1939-1949) (Gordon & Lawrie, 1980:341)

 

Unconfirmed Reports

Before it's official rediscovery, there were unconfirmed ("conflicting" (Thornback & Jenkins, 1982:7)) reports of the species along the borders of the Gibraltar Range National Park in north-eastern N.S.W., close to the Queensland border (Anon., 1975,1976a,1976b).

 

Rediscovery

A fencing contractor from Duaringa, Queensland (Mr. D. Challacombe), recognised one of John Gould's lithographic plates (of [i]O. fraenata[/i]) reproduced in a Woman's Day (sic: Women's Day (Flannery et al., 1990:88)) magazine article as similar to an animal he had previously seen near Dingo. As a result, extensive surveys were carried out and the species was found to be relatively common on two properties: Taunton and Redhill, together around 11,200 ha (Gordon & Lawrie, 1980). With a much smaller number of sightings from other properties in the area (Ibid.).

The two properties of Taunton and Redhill were purchased by the Government in 1979 and 1984, respectively. They later became the Scientific nature reserve Taunton National Park.

 

Distribution

New South Wales, Queensland & South Australia, Australia (Troughton, 1957:188)

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

Holotype: BMNH 41.1130 (adult male, skin and skull)

Type locality: "interior of N.S.W." (Calaby & Richardson, 1988)

 

WAM 17155 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

WAM 17156 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:67)

F31048 (Dawson, 1985:67)

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1841). On five new species of kangaroos. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1840: 92-94.

 

Other references:

"An Old Bushman" [Morton, William Lockhart]. (1861). Notes of a tour in the Wimmera District. The Yoeman, and Australian Acclimatizer 1. ["wallaby" might refer to this species (Bennett et al. 2006)]

Anonymous. (1842). New species of kangaroosTasmanian Journal of Natural Science, Agriculture, Statistics, &c. 1(4): 300-303.

Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Anonymous. (1975). Bridled Nail-tailed Wallaby in New South Wales and Queensland, Australia. Tigerpaper 2(3): 26.

Anonymous. (1976a). Bridled Nail-tailed Wallaby. Tigerpaper 3(1): 26.

Anonymous. (1976b). More on the Bridled Nail-tailed Wallaby. Tigerpaper 3(3): 25.

Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service. (1980). Bridled Nailtail Wallaby. Unpublished draft data sheet.

Bennett, Andrew F., Lumsden, Linda F. and Menkhorst, Peter W. (1989). Mammals of the mallee region of south-eastern Australia, pp. 191-220. In: Noble, J. and Bradstock, R. (eds.). Mediterranean Landscapes in Australia: Mallee Ecosytems and Their Management. CSIRO. [relevant citation?]

Bennett, Andrew F., Lumsden, Linda F. and Menkhorst, Peter W. (2006). Mammals of the Mallee Region, Victoria: past, present and future. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 118(2): 259-280.

Wayne S. J. Boardman, Charles G. Caraguel, Sarah Gill, Kerryn Herman, Margaret-Mary McEwen, Leila C. Haghighi, and Ian Smith. (2014). Mass capture and anesthesia of Australian bridled nailtail wallabies (Onychogalea fraenata) with the use of medetomidine and ketamine. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(4): 858-863. [Abstract]

Brook, M., Melzer, R., and Beard, D. (2008). Taunton bridled nailtail wallaby workshop. Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management unpublished report. DERM, Rockhampton, Qld.

Burbidge, A. A., Johnson, C. N. & Zichy-Woinarski, J. (2016). Onychogalea fraenata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T15330A21958130. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15330A21958130.en. Downloaded on 05 March 2018.

Calaby, J. H. and Richardson, B. J. (1988). Macropodidae, pp. 60-80. In: Walton, D. W. (exec. ed.). Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Volume 5: Mammalia. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Clancy T.F. 1994. Bridled Nailtail Wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata) Recovery Plan. QDEH Conservation Strategy Branch report to Biodiversity Group, Environment Australia (unpublished).

Clancy, T. F. and Porter, G. 1994. Bridled nailtail wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata) recovery plan progress report No. 2. EPA/QPWS Conservation Strategy Branch. Endangered Species Program, April 1994, Unpublished report.

Collett, R. (1887). On a collection of mammals from central and northern Queensland. Zoologische Jahrbucke 2: 829-940.

Davidson, C. 1991. Recovery plan for the bridled nailtail wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata). Unpublished report. ANPWS Endangered Species Program.

Dawson, Lyndall. (1985). Marsupial fossils from Wellington Caves, New South Wales; the historic and scientific significance of the collections in the Australia Museum, Sydney. Records of the Australian Museum 37(2): 55-69.

Dawson, T. J. and Ellis, B. A. (1994). Did dietary competition play a role in the extinction of small macropodids in western New South Wales with the coming of European settlement?, pp. 75-80. In: Lunney, Daniel, Hand, S., Reed, P. and Butcher, D. (eds.). Future of the Fauna of Western New South Wales. Mosman, NSW: Royal Zoological Society of NSW.

Dawson T.J., Tierney P.J. and Ellis B.A. 1992. The diet of the Bridled Nailtail Wallaby ([i]Onychogalea fraenata[/i]). II Overlap in dietary niche breadth and plant preferences with the black-striped wallaby ([i]Macropus dorsalis[/i]) and domestic cattle. Wildlife Research 19(1): 79-87. [Abstract]

DERM. (2011). Bridled nailtail wallaby. URL https://www.derm.qld.gov.au/wildlifeecosystems/wildlife/threatened_plants_and_animals/endangered/bridled_nailtail_wallaby.html

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Ellis, Murray and Henle, Klaus. (1988). The mammals of Kinchega National Park western New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 25(1): 1-5.

Evans M. 1992. The Bridled Nailtail Wallaby: ecology and management. QDEH report to Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service (unpublished).

Evans, M. and Gordon, G. (1995). Bridled Nailtail Wallaby, [i]Onychogalea fraenata[/i], pp. 356-358. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Evans, M. and Gordon, G. 2008. Bridled Naitail Wallaby, Onychogalea fraenata. In: S. Van Dyck and R. Strahan (eds), The mammals of Australia. Third Edition, pp. 355-357. Reed New Holland, Sydney, Australia.

Evans, M. C. and Jarman, P. J. 1998. Diets and feeding selectivities of bridled nailtail wallabies and black-striped wallabies. Wildlife Research 26: 1-19.

Finlayson, Herbert Hedley. (1931). On mammals from the Dawson Valley, Queensland. Part I. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of South Australia 55: 67-89.

Fisher, Clem T. (1984). Australasian mammal specimens in the collections of Merseyside County Museums. Australian Mammology 7(4): 205-213.

Fisher, D. O. (1999). Behavioural Ecology and Demography of the Bridled Nailtail Wallaby Onychogalea fraenata., University of Queensland.

Fisher, D. O. 2000. Effects of food, vegetation structure and experimental shelter provision on home range and habitat preferences of an endangered wallaby. Journal of Applied Ecology 37: 660-671.

Fisher, D. O., Blomberg, S. P. and Hoyle, S. D. (2001). Mechanisms of drought-induced population decline in an endangered wallaby. Biological Conservation 102(1): 107-115.

Fisher, D. O., and Goldizen, A. 2001. The maternal care strategy and infant behaviour of the bridled nailtail wallaby. Journal of Zoology 255: 321-330.

Fisher, D. O., Hoyle, S. D. and Blomberg, S. P. 2000. Population dynamics and survival of an endangered wallaby: a comparison of four methods. Ecological Applications 10: 901-910.

Flannery, Timothy Fridtjof, Kendall, Paula and Wynn-Moylan, Karen (illustrator). (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Surry Hills, N.S.W.: RD Press. 192 pp.

Frith, H. J. (1973). Wildlife Conservation. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gordon, G. (1983). Bridled Nailtail Wallaby Onychogalea fraenata, pp. 205. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian Mammals. National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Gordon, G. and Lawrie, B. C. (1980). The Rediscovery of the Bridled Nail-Tailed Wallaby, [i]Onychogalea fraenata[/i] (Gould) (Marsupialia: Macropodidae). Australian Wildlife Research 7(7): 339-345.

Gould, John. (1840). [description of [i]Onychogalea fraenata[/i]]. The Athenaeum, 670: 685 [29 August 1840].

Gould, John. (1863). The Mammals of Australia. London: Taylor & Francis.

Gould, John. (1973). Kangaroos. Melbourne: MacMillan.

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Haouchar, Dalal et al. (2014). Thorough assessment of DNA preservation from fossil bone and sediments excavated from a late Pleistocene-Holocene cave deposit on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Quaternary Science Reviews 84: 56-64.

Hayward, M.W., l’Hotellier, F., O’Connor, T., Ward-Fear, G., Cathcart, J., Cathcart, T., Stephens, Joe, Stephens, Joanne, Herman, K. and Legge, S. (2012). Reintroduction of bridled nailtail wallabies beyond fences at Scotia Sanctuary – Phase 1. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134: A27-A37.

Hendrikz, J. K. and Johnson, P. M. (1999). Development of the bridled nailtail wallaby, Onychogalea fraenata, and age estimation of the pouch young. Wildlife Research 26: 239-49.

Henry, Leanne. (2012). Non-invasive Genetic Hair Sampling of a Population of Bridled Nailtail Wallaby (Onychogalea fraenata) on Avocet Nature Refuge. Masters Thesis. University of New England. 44 pp.

Hendrikz, J. K. and Johnson, P. M. (1999). Development of the bridled nailtail wallaby, Onychogalea fraenata, and age estimation of the pouch young. Wildl. Res. 26: 239-249.

Horsup, A. and Evans, M. (1993). Predation by feral cats, Felis catus, on an endangered marsupial, the Bridled Nailtail Wallaby, Onychogalea fraenata. Australian Mammalogy 16(1): 85-86. [scroll down]

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 213]

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Jarman, P. J. and Johnson, K. A. (1977). Exotic mammals, indigenous mammals, and land use. Proc. Ecol. Soc. Aust. 10: 146-166.

Johnson, P. M. (1997). Reproduction in the bridled nailtail wallaby, Onychogalea fraenata Gould (Marsupialia: Macropodidae), in captivity. Wildlife Research 24: 411-415.

Joslin, Paul and Maryanka, Daphne. (1968). Endangered Mammals of the World: Report on Status and Action Treatment. IUCN Publications, New Series, Supplementary Paper No. 13: 34 pp.

Kearney, F., McAllister, R. R. and MacLeod, N. D. (2012). Conservation and grazing in Australia's north-east: the bridled nailtail wallaby. Pastoralism 2(1): 1-17.

Kingsley, L., Goldizen, A. and Fisher, D. O. (2012). Establishment of an Endangered species on a private nature refuge: what can we learn from reintroductions of the bridled nailtail wallaby Onychogalea fraenata? Oryx 46: 240-248.

Kitchener, D. J. and Vicker, E. (1981). Catalogue of Modern Mammals in the Western Australian Museum 1895 to 1981. Perth: Western Australian Museum. 184 pp.

Krefft, Gerard. (1864). Catalogue of Mammalia in the Collection of the Australian Museum. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Krefft, Gerard. (1866). On the vertebrated animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy, and geographical distribution. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales 1862-1865: 1-33.

Krefft, Gerard. (1871). The Mammals of Australia, Illustrated by Harriett Scott and Helena Forde for the Council of Education ; With a Short Account of All the Species Hitherto Described. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.

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https://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-02-07/nailtail-wallaby-protected-by-queensland-mans-dying-wish/7144076

https://archive.org/stream/MemoirsQueensla28Quee#page/364/mode/2up

https://www.australiangeographic.com.au/topics/wildlife/2018/04/nailtail-wallaby

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/16307/onychogalea-fraenata

 

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