The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Monodelphis unistriata Wagner, 1842:360

One-striped opossum, One-striped short-tailed opossum, Single-striped opossum



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Didelphys unistriata Wagner, 1842:360; Microdelphys unistriata Wagner, 1842:360; Peramys unistriata Wagner, 1842:360


Conservation Status

Last Record: 9 April 1899


IUCN status: Critically Endangered (Possibly Extinct)



São Paulo State, Brazil & Provincía Misiones, Argentina






Only known from two specimens, collected in 1821 and 1899 (Pine et al., 2013). However, a third specimen may exist (Pine & Handley, 2008: 106).






Original scientific description:

Wagner, J. A. (1842). Diagnosen neuer Arten brasilischer Säugthiere. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 8(1): 356-362.


Other references:

Brown, Barbara E. (2004). Atlas of New World Marsupials. Fieldiana (Zoology) 102: vii + 308. [p. 120-121]

Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. (1997). Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.

Flores, D. and Teta, P. (2011). Monodelphis unistriata. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 01 September 2012.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.055 kg min. mass estimate]

Gardner, A. L. (2007). Order Didelphimorphia. In: A. L. Gardner (ed.), Mammals of South America, pp. 669. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.

Pine, R. H. and Handley, C.O., Jr. (2008). Genus Monodelphis Burnett, 1830, pp. 82-107. In: Gardner, A.L. (Ed.), Mammals of South America, Vol.1. Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews, and Bats. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Pine, Ronald H., Flores, David A. and Bauer, Kurt. (2013). The second known specimen of Monodelphis unistriata (Wagner) (Mammalia: Didelphimorphia), with redescription of the species and phylogenetic analysis. Zootaxa 3640(3): 425-441.

Smith, F.A., Lyons, S.K., Morgan Ernest, S.K., Jones, K.E., Kauffman, D.M., Dayan, T., Marquet, P.A., Brown, J.H. & Haskell, J.P. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84, Eco­logical Archives E084­093­metadata: 1-15.


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