The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Pseudomys gouldii Waterhouse, 1839:67

Gould’s mouse, Gould's eastern mouse, Gould's pseudomys, Gould's native mouse, Gould's false-mouse, Gould's rat (used by Krefft, 1871:2; Lucas & Le Souëf, 1909:28), South Australian rat (Gray, 1843:111), kurn-dyne, koontin



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Thetomys gouldii Waterhouse, 1839:67; Mus gouldi Waterhouse, 1839:67; Mus Gouldii Waterhouse, 1839:67; Pseudomys rawlinnae Troughton, 1932


Conservation Status

Last record: 1856-1857 (Menkhorst, 2009); "about 1930" (Calaby & Lee, 1989:55)

Taxonomically rediscovered by (Roycroft, 2020)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


Last collected in 1856-57 (Baillie, 2008; Menkhorst, 2009). However, Calaby & Lee (1989:55) report a last occurrence date of "about 1930". This species may, however, be synonymous with P. fieldi and thus qualify as rediscovered since P. gouldii takes taxonomic priority, having been described first  (McDowell & Medlin, 2010:89).



New South Wales (western), South Australia & Western Australia (southern), Australia






SAM M4889/002 SF

WA M8111 (Kitchener & Vicker, 1981:111)






Original scientific description:

Waterhouse. (1839). [description of Pseudomys gouldii]. Zool. Voy. H.M.S. "Beagle,", Mammalia (2): 67. [volume 1?]


Other references:

Adams, S. J., McDowell, M. C. and Prideaux, G. J. (2015). Understanding accumulation bias in the ecological interpretation of archaeological and paleontological sites on Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2015.1008.1006

Baynes, A. (1979). The analysis of a late Quaternary mammal fauna for Hastings Cave, Jurien. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Univ. W. Aust.

Brazenor, C. W. (1936). Muridae recorded from Victoria. Mem. Natn. Mus. 10: 62-85.

Burbidge, Andrew A., Fuller, P. J. and McKenzie, N. L. (1995). Vertebrate fauna. In: Keighery, G. J., McKenzie, N. L. and Hall, N. J. (eds.). The Biological Survey of the Eastern Goldfields of Western Australia. Part 12. Barlee–Menzies Study Area. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 49: 208-245.

Calaby, J. H. and Lee, A. K. (1989). The Rare and Endangered Rodents of the Australasian Region, pp. 53-57. In: Lidicker, Jnr., William Z. (ed.). Rodents: A World Survey of Species of Conservation Concern. Occasional Papers of the IUCN Species Survival Commission (SSC) No. 4.

Dixon, J.M. (1983). Gould's mouse Pseudomys gouldii, pp. 393. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Australian Museum Complete Book of Australian mammals. Angus and Robertson: Sydney.

Dixon, J. M. (1995). Gould’s Mouse, Pseudomys gouldii, pp. 600-601. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Dixon, J. M. (2008). Gould’s mouse, Pseudomys gouldii, pp. 632-633. In: Van Dyck S and Strahan R (eds) The Mammals of Australia. 3rd Edition. Sydney: New Holland Publishers.

Finlayson, Herbert Hedley. (1939). Records and descriptions of Muridae from Ooldea, South Australia. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 63: 354-364.

Flannery, Timothy. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: RD Press. 192 pp.

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.050 kg min. mass estimate]

Fusco, Diana A., McDowell, Matthew C. and Prideaux, Gavin J. (2015). Late-Holocene mammal fauna from southern Australia reveals rapid species declines post-European settlement: Implications for conservation biology. The Holocene. doi: 10.1177/0959683615618261

Gould, John. (1863). The Mammals of Australia. London.

Gray, John Edward. (1843). List of the specimens of Mammalia in the collection of the British Museum. London: The Trustees, British Museum. xxviii + 216 pp.

Hoser, Raymond T. (1991). Endangered Animals of Australia. Mosman, NSW: Pierson & Co. 240 pp. [pp. 172]

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Kitchener, D. J., Chapman, A., Muir, B. G. and Palmer, M. (1980). The conservation value for mammals of reserves in the western Australian wheatbelt. Biological Conservation 18(3): 179-207. [last specimen in WA Wheatbelt collected in 1842]

Kitchener, D. J. and Vicker, E. (1981). Catalogue of Modern Mammals in the Western Australian Museum 1895 to 1981. Perth: Western Australian Museum. 184 pp.

Krefft, Gerard. (1864). Catalogue of Mammalia in the Collection of the Australian Museum. Sydney: Australian Museum.

Krefft, Gerard. (1866). On the vertebrated animals of the lower Murray and Darling, their habits, economy, and geographical distribution. Transactions of the Philosophical Society of New South Wales 1862-1865: 1-33.

Krefft, Gerard. (1871). The Mammals of Australia, Illustrated by Harriett Scott and Helena Forde for the Council of Education ; With a Short Account of All the Species Hitherto Described. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.

Lidicker, W. Z., Jr., and P. V. Brylski. 1987. The conilurine rodent radiation of Australia, analyzed on the basis of phallic morphology. Journal of Mammalogy, 68:617-641.

Lucas, Arthur Henry Shakespeare and Le Souëf, William Henry Dudley. (1909). The Animals of Australia: Mammals, Reptiles and Amphibians. Melbourne: Whitcombe and Tombs.

Macken, Amy C. and Reed, Elizabeth H. (2013). Late Quaternary small mammal faunas of the Naracoorte caves world heritage area. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 137(1): 53-67.

Mahoney, J. A. (1969). A reidentification of the Australian Muridae in the Leiden Museum listed by F. A. Jentink in 1887 and 1888. Zoologische Mededelingen 43(21): 279-286.

Mahoney, J. A., and B. J. Richardson. 1988. Muridae, pp. 154-192, in Zoological catalogue of Australia. Mammalia (J. L. Bannister, et. al.). Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 5:1-274.

McDowell MC (2013) Late Quaternary faunal responses to environmental change and isolation on a large Australian landbridge island. Unpublished PhD Thesis, School of Biological Sciences, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide.

McDowell, M. C., Baynes, A., Medlin, G. C. and Prideaux, G. J. (2012). The impact of European colonization on the late-Holocene non-volant mammals of Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. The Holocene 22(12): 1441-1450.

McDowell, M. C. and Medlin, G. C. (2010). Natural Resource Management implications of the pre-European non-volant mammal fauna of the southern tip of Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Australian Mammalogy 32: 87-93. [automatic download]

Menkhorst, Peter W. (2009). Blandowski’s mammals: Clues to a lost world. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 121(1): 61-89.

Price, Gilbert J., Jonathan Cramb, Julien Louys, Kenny J. Travouillon, Eleanor M. A. Pease, Yue-xing Feng, Jian-xin Zhao, and Douglas Irvin. (2020). Late Quaternary fossil vertebrates of the Broken River karst area, northern Queensland, Australia. In Papers in Honour of Ken Aplin, ed. Julien Louys, Sue O’Connor, and Kristofer M. Helgen. Records of the Australian Museum 72(5): 193-206.

Prideaux, G. J., R. G. Roberts, D. Megirian, K. E. Westaway, J. C. Hellstrom, and J. M. Olley. (2007). Mammalian responses to Pleistocene climate change in southeastern Australia. Geology 35: 33-36.

Reed, E. H., and S. J. Bourne. (2000). Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites from the South East region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124: 61-90.

Ride, W. D. L. (1970). A Guide to the Native Mammals of Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.

Robinson, A. C., C. M. Kemper, G. C. Medlin, and C. H. S. Watts. (2000). The rodents of South
Australia. Wildlife Research, 27:379-404.

Roycroft, Emily Jane. (2020). Phylogenomics, molecular evolution and extinction in the adaptive radiation of murine rodents. School of BioSciences, University of Melbourne, Thesis. [Abstract]

Troughton, E. L. G. (1932). On five new rats of the genus Pseudomys. Records of the Australian
Museum 18: 287-294.

Wakefield, N. A. (1966a). Mammals of the Blandowski Expedition to north-western Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 79(2): 371-391.

Wakefield, N. A. (1966b). Mammals recorded for the mallee, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 79(2): 627-636.

Watts, C. H. S. and Aslin, H. J. (1981). The Rodents of Australia. Sydney: Angus & Robertson.

Watts, C. H. S. and Ling, J. K. (1985). Marine and terrestrial mammals, pp. 139-147. In: Twidale, C. R., Tyler, M. J. and Davies, M. Natural History of Eyre Peninsula. Adelaide: Royal Society of South Australia.

Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.


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