The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Notomys longicaudatus Gould, 1844:104

Long-tailed hopping mouse, Long-tailed jerboa-rat (Ogilby, 1892:119), kor-tung, gool-a-wa, koolawa



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Hapalotis longicaudata Gould, 1844:104; Notomys longicaudatus sturti Thomas, 1921; Conilurus longicaudatus Gould, 1844:104; Podanomalus longicaudatus Gould, 1844:104


Placed in the genus Podanomalus by (Brazenor, 1934).


Conservation Status

Last record: 1901 (Ride, 1970:202); 1901-2 (Parker, 1973:26)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct


A specimen was collected by (Sturt, 1847) from the Coonabaralba Range in 1845.


According to (Ride, 1970:202) this species was last collected in 1901 at Barrow Creek by Spencer and Gillen.

"A small fragment of skull found in 1977 in a recent owl pellet—a regurgitated bolus of fur and bones—near The Granites in the Northern Territory suggests that it may have survived longer than historical collection records indicate."


The above probably refers to (Smith, 1977).



NSW, NT, SA and WA, Australia


Prehistorically: Boodie Cave, Barrow Island, Western Australia, Australia






SAM M4392 (Breed, 1990:201)

AMNH 107400 (Alhajeri, 2021)






Original scientific description:

Gould, John. (1844). [description of Notomys longicaudatus]. Proc. zool. Soc Lond. 1844: 104.


Other references:

Abbott, Ian. (2001). Aboriginal names of mammals species in south-west Western Australia. CALMScience 3(4): 433-486.

Alhajeri, Bader H. (2021). Geometric differences between the crania of Australian hopping mice (Notomys, Murinae, Rodentia). Australian Mammalogy. doi: [Abstract]

Anonymous. (1973). Additional protection for rare fauna. S.W.A.N.S. 4(2): 31-33.

Anonymous. (1977). Terrestrial native mammals of Western Australia. S.W.A.N.S. 7(1): 7-8. [a mere listing as being native to WA]

Baynes, Alexander. (1984). Native mammal remains from Wilgie Mia Aboriginal Ochre Mine: evidence of the pre-European fauna of the western arid zone. Records of the Western Australian Museum 11(3): 297-310.

Bamford, Mandy et al. (2009). Mammals of the Avon Region. Bentley, W.A.: Department of Environment and Conservation. 132 pp. [pp. 110-111]

Baynes, Alexander and Jones, Barbara. (1993). The mammals of Cape Range peninsula, Western Australia, pp. 207-226. In: Humphreys, W. F. (ed.). The Biogeography of Cape Range, Western Australia. Perth: Western Australian Museum.

Baynes, Alexander and McDowell, Matthew C. (2010). The original mammal fauna of the Pilbara biogeographic region of north-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 78: 285-298.

Baynes, Alexander, Piper, Cassia J. and Thorn, Kailah M. (2019). An experimental investigation of differential recovery of native rodent remains from Australian palaeontological and archaeological deposits. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34(1): 1-30.

Brazenor, C. W. (1934). A revision of the Australian jerboa mice. Mem. Natn. Mus. 8: 74-89.

Breed, W. G. (1990). Reproductive anatomy and sperm morphology of the long-tailed hopping-mouse, Notomys longicaudatus (Rodentia: Muridae). Australian Mammalogy 13(2): 201-204.

Burbidge, Andrew A., Fuller, P. J. and McKenzie, N. L. (1995). Vertebrate fauna. In: Keighery, G. J., McKenzie, N. L. and Hall, N. J. (eds.). The Biological Survey of the Eastern Goldfields of Western Australia. Part 12. Barlee–Menzies Study Area. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 49: 208-245.

Copley, P. B., Kemper, C. M. and Medlin, G. C., 1989. The mammals of northwestern South Australia. Rec. S. Aust. Mus. 23: 75-88.

Dixon, Joan M. (1983). Long-tailed hopping-mouse, Notomys longicaudatus, pp. 435. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Australian Museum Complete book of Australian mammals. Angus and Robertson : Sydney. ["Coonabaralba Range, mistakenly described as being in Queensland" (Ellis, 1995:40)]

Dixon, J. M. (1995). Long-tailed hopping Mouse, Notomys longicaudatus. Pp. 577-578. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.

Ellerman, J. R. (1941). 'The Families and Genera of Living Rodents with a List of Named Forms (1758-1936) by R. W. Hayman and G. W. C. Holt.' Vol. 2. Family Muridae. (British Museum: London.) 

Ellis, Murray. (1995). A discussion of the large extinct rodents of Mootwingee National Park, western New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 30(1): 39-42.

Ellis, Murray and Henle, Klaus. (1988). The mammals of Kinchega National Park western New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 25(1): 1-5.

Endangered Species Committee of the Total Environment Centre. (1983). Our Wildlife in Peril. Frenchs Forest, NSW: Reed.

Finlayson, Hedley Herbert. (1940). On central Australian mammals. Part I: The Muridae. Trans. R. Soc. S. Aust. 64: 125-136.

Finlayson, Hedley Herbert. (1961). On central Australian mammals. Part IV. The distribution and status of central Australian species. Records of the South Australian Museum 14: 141-192.

Fisher, Clem T. (1984). Australasian mammal specimens in the collections of Merseyside County Museums. Australian Mammology 7(4): 205-213.

Flannery, Timothy. (1990). Australia's Vanishing Mammals: Endangered and Extinct Native Species. Sydney: RD Press. 192 pp.

Ford, F. (2006). A splitting headache: relationships and generic boundaries among Australian murids. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 89: 117-138. doi:10.1111/J.1095-8312.2006.00663.X

Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E. (2013). Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica 145: 1-130. [0.100 kg min. mass estimate]

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Gould, John. (1846). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. The Tasmanian journal of natural science, agriculture, statistics, &c. 2(11): 440-447. [pp. 440-442]

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Henry-Hall, N.J. (1990). Nature conservation reserves in the Eastern Goldfields, Western Australia (southern two-thirds of CTRC System 11). Unpublished report submitted to the EPA Red Book Task Force. Environmental Protection Authority, Perth, Western Australia. [Appendix 13]

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How, R. A., Cooper, N. K. and Bannister, J. L. (2001). Checklist of the mammals of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement No. 63: 91-98.

Iredale, Tom and Troughton, Ellis Le Geyt. (1934). A check-list of the mammals recorded from Australia. Mem. Aust. Mus. 6: i-xii, 1-122.

Kendrick, George W. and Porter, Jennifer K. (1974). Remains of a Thylacine (Marsupialia: Dasyuroidea) and other fauna from caves in the Cape Range, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 56(4): 116-122. [either N. amplus or N. longicaudatus]

Kitchener, D. J., Chapman, A., Muir, B. G. and Palmer, M. (1980). The conservation value for mammals of reserves in the western Australian wheatbelt. Biological Conservation 18(3): 179-207. [last specimen in WA Wheatbelt collected in 1843]

Krefft, Gerard. (1871). The Mammals of Australia, Illustrated by Harriett Scott and Helena Forde for the Council of Education ; With a Short Account of All the Species Hitherto Described. Sydney: Thomas Richards, Government Printer.

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Mahoney, J. A. (1977). Skull characters and relationships of Notomys mordax Thomas (Rodentia: Muridae), a poorly known Queensland Hopping-mouse. Australian Journal of Zoology 25: 749-754. doi:10.1071/ZO9770749

Mahoney, J. A., and B. J. Richardson. 1988. Muridae. Pp. 154-192, in Zoological catalogue of Australia. Mammalia (J. L. Bannister, et. al.). Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 5: 1-274.

Morris, K. & Burbidge, A. (2008). Notomys longicaudatus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. ( Downloaded on 18 September 2012.

Morse, Kate. (1993). Who can see the sea? Prehistoric Aboriginal occupation of the Cape Range peninsula. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 45: 227-242.

Murray, Ellis. (1995). A discussion of the large extinct rodents of Mootwingee National Park, western New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 30(1): 39-42.

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