Mus musculus muralis Barrett-Hamilton, 1899
St. Kilda house mouse
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Synonym/s: Mus muralis Barrett-Hamilton, 1899
Last Record: August 1931
The St. Kilda House mouse (Mus musculus muralis) had become so dependent on people as a food source that when they evacuated the island in 1930 the mouse could not support itself and the species went extinct shortly afterwards. As it may have been artificially translocated to the archipelago there has been some dispute as to its taxonomic status/validity.
St Kilda archipelago
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Barrett-Hamilton, G. E. H. (1899). On the Species of the Genus Mus inhabiting St. Kilda. Proceedings of The Zoological Society of London 1899: 77-88.
Boyd, J. M. (1956). The St. Kilda Field Mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus hirtensis Barrett-Hamilton), Population in the Village Area, Hirta, May 1955. Oikos 7(1): 110-116.
Gerlach, Justin. (2014). Extinct animals of the British Isles. Cambridge: Phelsuma Press. [Available from Justin Gerlach]
Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.
Harrisson, T. H. and J. A. Moy-Thomas. (1933). The Mice of St Kilda, with Especial Reference to Their Prospects of Extinction and Present Status. The Journal of Animal Ecology 2: 109-115. [First page preview]