The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Megalomys desmarestii Fischer, 1829:316

Martinique muskrat, Antillean giant rice rat, Desmarest’s pilorie, Martinique rice rat, Martinique giant rice rat, pilorie

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Oryzomys desmaresti Fischer, 1829; Mus desmarestii Fischer, 1829; Rat piloris Desmarest, 1826; Mus pilorides Desmarest, 1826

 

Conservation Status

Last record: c. 1897?; 1902 (Goodwin & Goodwin, 1973)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Martinique, Lesser Antilles

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

The available hypodigm of this species was given by (Miljutin, 2010:218-219).

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Fischer, J. B. (1829). Synopsis Mammalium. J. G. Cottae, Stuttgardtiae.

 

Other references:

Alen, G. M. (1942). Extinct and Vanishing Mammals of the Western Hemisphere. American Committee for International Wildlife Protection, Special Publication No. 11.

Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.

Brace, Selina et al. (2015). Unexpected evolutionary diversity in a recently extinct Caribbean mammal radiation. Proc Biol Sci. B 282(1807): 20142371.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Desmarest, A. G. (1826). Rat piloris. In Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles (Levrault, F. G., ed.), Vol. 44, p. 483. Strasbourg, Paris.

Durocher, Marine et al. (2020). Archaeobiogeography of extinct rice rats (Oryzomyini) in the Lesser Antilles during the Ceramic Age (500 BCE–1500 CE). The Holocene. doi: https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683620972785 [Abstract]

Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.

Miljutin, Andrei. (2010). Notes on the external morphology, ecology, and origin of Megalomys desmarestii (Sigmodontinae, Cricetidae, Rodentia), the extinct giant rat of Martinique Island, Lesser Antilles. Estonian Journal of Ecology 59(3): 216-229.

Trouessart, E. L. (1885). Note sur le rat Mosque des Antilles, type du sous-genre Megalomys et sur la place de se sous genre dans le groupe des rats Americains ou Hesperomyidae. Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool. 19(5).

Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. (2008). Megalomys desmarestii. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 18 September 2012.

Turvey, S.T., Weksler, M., Morris, E.L. & Nokkert, M. 2010 Taxonomy, phylogeny and diversity of the extinct Lesser Antillean rice rats (Sigmodontinae: Oryzomyini), with description of a new genus and species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 748-772.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/7109/megalomys-desmarestii-martinique-giant-rice

 

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