Boromys offella Miller, 1916:8
Oriente cave rat, Greater Cuban spiny rat, Larger Cuban spiny rat
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Last record: Holocene (>1500 AD?)
IUCN RedList status: Extinct
Boromys offella is only known from subfossil remains, some of which occur in the same layer as Rattus sp., implying that it survived until European colonisation (Turvey & Helgen, 2008).
Cuba (including Isla de la Juventud)
Biology & Ecology
Original scientific description:
Miller, Gerrit Smith. (1916). Bones of mammals from Indian sites in Cuba and Santo Domingo: (with one plate). Smithson. Misc. Coll., 66(12): 8.
Allen, Glover Morrill. (1918). Fossil mammals from Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 62: 133-148.
Anthony, H. E. (1919). Mammals collected in eastern Cuba in 1917. With descriptions of two new species. Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 41: 625-643.
Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Mancina, Carlos A., Woods, Charles A. and Kilpatrick, C. William. (2012). Checklist: Updated Checklist of Endemic Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies, pp. 389-415. In: Borroto-Páez, Rafael, Woods, Charles A. and Sergile, F. E. (eds.). Terrestrial Mammals of the West Indies: Contributions. Gainesville, Florida: Florida Museum of Natural History and Wacahoota Press. 482 pp.
Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.
Goodwin, Harry A. and Goodwin, J. M. (1973). List of mammals which have become extinct or are possibly extinct since 1600. Int. Union Conserv. Nat. Occas. Pap. 8: 1-20.
Turvey, S. and Helgen, K. (2008). Boromys offella. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 23 December 2012.