The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark, 1934:18

Australian primitive ant, Dinosaur ant

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

 

 

Conservation Status

Last record: December 1931

Rediscovered in October 1977

IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered

 

Distribution

Australia

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Clark, J. (1934). Notes on Australian ants, with descriptions of new species and a new genus. Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria 8: 5-20.

 

Other references:

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Bartell, R. (1985). The Dinosaur Ant. Bogong [1985](March-April): 10-12.

Billen, Johan P. J. (1988). Comparaison entre les fourmis Australiennes des genres Myrmecia et Nothomyrmecia. Actes Coll. Ins. Soc. 4: 27-33.

Billen, Johan P. J. (1990). The sting bulb gland in Myrmecia and Nothomyrmecia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): a new exocrine gland in ants. Int. J. Insect Morphol. Embryol. 19: 133-139.

Billen, Johan P. J., Ito, Fuminori and Peeters, Christian. (2000). Novel exocrine glands in the hindleg tarsi of the ant Nothomyrmecia macrops. Australian Journal of Zoology 48(6): 661-667. [Abstract]

Billen, Johan P. J., B. D. Jackson and E. D. Morgan. (1988a). Secretion of the Dufour gland of the ant Nothomyrmecia maerops (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Experientia 44: 715-719.

Billen, Johan P.J., B. D. Jackson and E. D. Morgan. (1988b). The contents of the pygidial gland of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). Experientia 44: 794-97.

Brown, W. L. Jr. (1954). Remarks on the internal phylogeny and subfamily classification of the family Formicidae. Insectes Sociaux 1(1): 21-31. [Abstract]

Brown, William L, Jnr. and Wilson, Edward O. (1959). The search for Nothomyrmecia. The West Australian Naturalist 7(2): 25-30.

Brown, W. V. et al. (1990). Novel internally branched, internal alkenes as major components of the cuticular hydrocarbons of the primitive Australian ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 16: 2623-2635. [Abstract]

Clarke, Geoffrey M. and Spier-Ashcroft, Fiona. (2003). A Review of the Conservation Status of Selected Australian Non-Marine Invertebrates. Canberra: Environment Australia.

Conservation and Land Management. (1994). Wildlife Conservation (Protected Invertebrate Fauna) Notice 1994. Government Gazette 8 April 1994: 1463.

Greenslade, P. J. M. (1979). A Guide to the Ants of South Australia. South Australian Museum, Adelaide.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Hasegawa, Eisuke and Crozier, Ross H. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships among species groups of the ant genus Myrmecia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(3): 575-582. [Abstract]

Hölldobler, B. and Taylor, R. W. (1983). A behavioural study of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark. Insectes Sociaux 30(4): 384-401. [Abstract]

Hölldobler, B. and Wilson, E. O. (1990). The Ants. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Imai, Hirotami T. et al. (1990). Notes on the remarkable karyology of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops, and of the related genus Myrmecia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Psyche 97(3-4): 133-140.

IUCN. 1990. IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Jaisson, P., Fresneau, D., Taylor, R. W., and Lenoir, A. (1992). Social organisation in some primitive Australian ants. 1. Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark. Insectes Sociaux 39: 425-438.

Kugler, C. (1980). The sting apparatus in the primitive ants Nothomyrmecia and Myrmecia. J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 19(4): 263-267.

Mawson, P. R. and Majer, J. D. (1999). The West Australian Threatened Species Scientific Committee: lessons from Invertebrates, pp. 369-373. In: Ponder, W. and Lunney, D. (eds.). The Other 99%. The Conservation and Bioldiversity of Invertebrates. Mosman, NSW: Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales.

Sanetra, Matthias and Crozier, Ross H. (2000). Characterization of microsatellite loci in the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark. Mol. Ecol. 9(12): 2169-2170. [Abstract]

Sanetra, Matthias and Crozier, Ross H. (2001). Polyandry and colony genetic structure in the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 14(3): 368-378.

Sanetra, Matthias and Crozier, Ross H. (2002). Daughters inherit colonies from mothers in the 'living-fossil' ant Nothomyrmecia macrops. Naturwissenschaften 89(2): 71-74. [Abstract]

Sanetra, Matthias and Crozier, Ross H. (2003). Patterns of population subdivision and gene flow in the ant Nothomyrmecia macrops reflected in microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA markers. Molecular Ecology 12: 2281-2295. [Abstract]

Shattuck, S. O. (1998). Australian Ants: Their Biology and Identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO.

Social Insects Specialist Group. (1996). Nothomyrmecia macrops. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 25 May 2014.

Taylor, Robert W. (1978). Nothomyrmecia macrops: a living-fossil ant rediscovered. Science 201: 979-985.

Ward, P. S. and Taylor, R. W. (1981). Allozyme variation, colony structure and genetic relatedness in the primitive Ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 20: 177-183.

Watts, C. H. S., McArthur, A. J., and Foster, R. (1998). Notes on the distribution of the Dinosaur Ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in South Australia. Australian Entomologist 25: 29-31.

Wells, S.M., Pyle, R.M. and Collins, N.M. (compilers) 1983. The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wells, S. M., Pyle, R. M., and Collins, N. M. (1984). Australian Nothomyrmecia ant, pp. 507-509. In: Wells, S. M., Pyke, V. M. and Collins, N. M. (eds.). The IUCN Invertebrate Red Data Book. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Wheeler, G. C., Wheeler, J., and Taylor, R. W. (1980). The larval and egg stages of the primitive ant Nothomyrmecia macrops Clark (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 19: 131-137.

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