The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Elephas cypriotes Bate, 1903

Cyprus dwarf elephant

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Palaeoloxodon cypriotes Bate, 1903

 

Conservation Status

Last Record: c. 9,000 BC

 

Distribution

Cyprus

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Bate, Dorothy M. A. (1903). Preliminary note on the discovery of a pygmy elephant in the Pleistocene of Cyprus. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 71: 498-500.

 

Other references:

Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.

Athanassiou, Athanassios, van der Geer, Alexandra and Lyras, George A. (2019). Pleistocene insular Proboscidea of the Eastern Mediterranean: A review and update. Quaternary Science Reviews 218: 306-321. [Abstract]

Bate, Dorothy M. A. (1903). Preliminary note on the discovery of a pygmy elephant in the Pleistocene of Cyprus. Proc. Roy. Soc. 73: 498-500.

Bate, Dorothy M. A. (1904a). Further note on the remains of Elephas Cypriotes Bate. Geol. Magazine, Dec. V, 1: 325-326.

Bate, Dorothy M. A. (1904b). Further note on the remains of Elephas Cypriotes Bate from a cave-deposit in Cyprus. Proc. Roy. Soc.: 120-121.

Bate, Dorothy M. A. (1905). Further note on the remains of Elephas cypriotes from a cave-deposit in Cyprus, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 197: 347-360. [Abstract]

Boekschoten, G. J. and Sondaar, P. Y. (1972). On the fossil Mammalia of Cyprus, Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen 75(4): 306-338.

Bromage, TH, Dirks W, Erdjument-Bromage H et al. (2002). A life history and climate change solution to the evolution and extinction of insular dwarfs: ACypriot experience. In: Waldren WH, Ensenyat JA, eds. World islands in prehistory. International Insular Investigations. Palma de Mallorca, pp. 420-427.

Davies, P. and Lister, A. M. (2001). Palaeoloxodon cypriotes, the dwarf elephant of Cyprus: size and scaling comparisons with P. falconeri (Sicily-Malta) and mainland P. antiquus, p. 479-480. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Dirks, Wendy, Bromage, Timothy G. and Agenbroad, Larry D. (2012). The duration and rate of molar plate formation in Palaeoloxodon cypriotes and Mammuthus columbi from dental histology. Quaternary International, special issue Mammoths and Their Relatives 1: Biotopes, Evolution and Human Impact V International Conference, Le Puy-en-Velay, 2010 255: 79-85. [Abstract]

Joger, U. and Garrido, G. (2001). Phylogenetic position of Elephas, Loxodonta and Mammuthus, based on molecular evidence, pp. 544-547. In: Cavarretta, C., Gioia, P., Mussi, M. and Palombo, M. R. (eds.). The World of Elephants – International Congress, Rome. Proceedings of the 1st international congress – Consiglio nazionale delle ricerche, Rome. [automatic download]

Poulakakis, N., Parmakelis, A., Lymberakis, P., Mylonas, M., Zouros, E., Reese, D.S., Glaberman, S. & Caccone, A. 2006 Ancient DNA forces reconsideration of evolutionary history of Mediterranean pygmy elephants. Biology Letters 2: 451-454.

Reese, D. S. (1995). The Pleistocene Vertebrate Sites and Fauna of Cyprus. Cyprus Geological Survey Department Bulletin 9: 1-203.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/7663/palaeoloxodon-cypriotes-cyprus-dwarf-elephant

 

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