The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Cylindraspis vosmaeri Suckow, 1798:57

Saddle-backed Rodrigues giant tortoise, Greater saddleback toroise, Rodrigues giant saddleback tortoise

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Testudo commersoni Vaillant, 1898; Testudo indica Suckow, 1798; Testudo rodericensis Günther, 1873; Geochelone vosmaeri Suckow, 1798

 

Conservation Status

Last record: after 1800 (1802?)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Rodrigues, Mascarene Islands

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Suckow, G. A. (1798). Anfangsgründe der theoretischen und angewandten Naturgeschichte der Thiere. Dritter Theil. Von den Amphibien. Leipzig: Weidmannischen Buchhandlung. 298 pp.

 

Other references:

Arnold, E. N. (1979). Indian Ocean giant tortoises: their systematics and island adaptations. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 286B: 127-145.

Arnold, E. N. (1980). Recently extinct reptile populations from Mauritius and Réunion, Indian Ocean. J. Zool. 191: 33-47.

Austin, Jeremy J. and Arnold, E. Nicholas. (2001). Ancient mitochondrial DNA and morphology elucidate an extinct island radiation of Indian Ocean giant tortoises (Cylindraspis). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 2515-2523.

Austin, Jeremy, Arnold, E. Nicholas and Bour, Roger. (2002). The provenance of type specimens of extinct Mascarene Island giant tortoises (Cylindraspis) revealed by ancient mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Herpetology 36(2): 280-285. [Abstract]

Bour, Roger et al. (2014). Morphology and paleontological exploration (up to 2000) of the extinct tortoises of the Mascarenes Islands, pp. 121-202. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Cheke, Anthony S. and Bour, Roger. (2014). Unequal struggle – how humans displaced the dominance of tortoises in island ecosystems, pp. 31-120. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Günther, A. C. L. G. (1873). Preliminary notice of some extinct tortoises from the islands of Rodriguez and Mauritius. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)11: 397.

Hume, Julian Pender. (2014). Fossil discoveries in Rodrigues and Mauritius, pp. 203-228. In: Gerlach, Justin (ed.). Western Indian Ocean Tortoises: Ecology, Diversity, Evolution, Conservation, Palaeontology. Manchester: Siri Scientific Books.

Hume, Julian Pender et al. (2021). Discovery of the first Mascarene giant tortoise nesting site on Rodrigues Island, Indian Ocean (Testudinidae: Cylindraspis). Herpetology Notes 14: 103-116.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2019). Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.). Scientific Reports 9: 17487.

Maas, P. H. J. (2010). Saddle-backed Rodrigues Giant Tortoise - Cylindraspis vosmaeri. In: TSEW (2010). The Sixth Extinction Website. (https://www.petermaas.nl/extinct). Downloaded on December 11, 2010.

North-Coombes, A. (1986). Histoire des tortues de terre de Rodrigues et le mouvement maritime de l’ile de 1601 à 1808. Port-Louis, Mauritius: Service Bureau. 75 pp.

Stoddart, D. R. and Peake, J. F. (1979). Historical records of Indian Ocean giant tortoise populations.  Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 286: 147-158.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

Vaillant, L. (1898). Dessins inédits de chéloniens tirés des manuscrits de Commerson. Bulletin du Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris 4: 133-139.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre. (1996). Cylindraspis vosmaeri. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 11 December 2010.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/10107/cylindraspis-vosmaeri-rodrigues-tortoise

 

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