The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Cylindraspis indica Schneider, 1783:355

Réunion giant tortoise

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Chersina grayi Strauch, 1865:36; Chersine retusa Merrem, 1820:29; Cylindraspis borbonica Bour, 1978 (1979?); Cylindraspis graii Duméril & Bibron, 1835:135; Testudo graii Duméril & Bibron, 1835:135; Testudo indica Schneider, 1783:355; Testudo perraultii Duméril & Bibron, 1835:126; Testudo tabulata africana Schweigger, 1812:322

 

Réunion giant tortoises are now generally regarded as a single species, however (Gerlach, 2004) recognized two species (i.e. C. indica and C. borbonica).

 

Conservation Status

Last record: 1800 (World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 1996)

IUCN RedList status: Extinct

 

Distribution

Réunion, Mascarene Islands

 

Biology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Schneider, J. G. (1783). Allgemeine Naturgeschichte der Schildkröten, nebst einem systematischen Verzeichnisse der einzelnen Arten und zwei Kupfern. Leipzig: J.G. Müller, 364 pp.

 

Other references:

Arnold, E. N. 1979. Indian Ocean giant tortoises: their systematics and island adaptations.  Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 286: 127-145.

Arnold, E. N. 1980. Recently extinct reptile populations from Mauritius and Réunion, Indian Ocean.  J. Zool. 191: 33-47.

Austin, Jeremy J. and Arnold, E. Nicholas. (2001). Ancient mitochondrial DNA and morphology elucidate an extinct island radiation of Indian Ocean giant tortoises (Cylindraspis). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 268: 2515-2523.

Austin, Jeremy, Arnold, E. Nicholas and Bour, Roger. (2002). The provenance of type specimens of extinct Mascarene Island giant tortoises (Cylindraspis) revealed by ancient mitochondrial DNA sequences. Journal of Herpetology 36(2): 280-285. [Abstract]

Bour, Roger. (1979a). Première découverte de restes osseux de la Tortue terrestre de la Réunion, Cylindraspis borbonica. C.R. Acad. Sci., Paris 288D: 1223-1226. ["botbonica"?]

Bour, Roger. (1979b). [additional illustration of [i]C. borbonica[/i] to (Bour, 1979a)]. Info-Nature, Ile Réunion 17: 53-59.

Bour, Roger. (1981). Histoire de la tortue terrestre de Bourbon. Bull. Acad. Ile Réunion 25: 98-147.

Bour, Roger. (2004). Holotype of "La grande tortue des Indes" in Perrault, 1676 - Cylindraspis indica (Schneider, 1783). Emys 11: 33-35.

Day, David. (1981). The Doomsday Book of Animals: A Natural History of Vanished Species. New York, N.Y.: The Viking Press.

Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. (1835). Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p.

Gerlach, Justin. (2004). Giant tortoises of the Indian Ocean. The genus Dipsochelys inhabiting the Seychelles Islands and the extinct giants of Madagascar and the Mascarenes. Frankfurt m Main: Edition Chimaira. 207 pp.

Kehlmaier, Christian et al. (2019). Ancient mitogenomics clarifies radiation of extinct Mascarene giant tortoises (Cylindraspis spp.). Scientific Reports 9: 17487.

Maas, P. H. J. (2010). Reunion Giant Tortoise - Cylindraspis indica. In: TSEW (2010). The Sixth Extinction Website. (https://www.petermaas.nl/extinct). Downloaded on December 11, 2010.

Merrem, B. (1820). Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum. Marburg: J.C. Krieger, 191 pp.

Probst, Jean-Michel and Brial, Pierre. (2002). Récits anciens de naturalistes à l'île Bourbon. Le premiere guide des espèces disparus de la Réunion (reptiles, oiseaux, mammifères). Le Port, Réunion: Association Nature et Patrimoine. 112 pp.

Ribes, Sonia (ed.). (2006). Les animaux disparus. Saint-Denis: Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle. 32 pp.

Schweigger, A. F. (1812). Prodromus monographiae Cheloniorum. Königsberger Archiv für Naturwissenschaft und Mathematik 1: 271-368, 406-462.

Strauch, A. (1865). Die Vertheilung der Schildkröten über den Erdball. Ein zoogeographischer versuch. Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg (7)8(13): 1-207.

Turtle Extinctions Working Group et al. (2015). Turtles and Tortoises of the World During the Rise and Global Spread of Humanity: First Checklist and Review of Extinct Pleistocene and Holocene Chelonians. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5: 1-66.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1996. Cylindraspis indica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. (https://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 30 January 2014.

https://extinctanimals.proboards.com/thread/10113/cylindraspis-indica-union-giant-tortoise

 

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