Nyctophilus howensis McKean, 1975:330
Lord Howe long-eared bat (Armstrong & Reardon, 2006:42)
Taxonomy & Nomenclature
Last record: prior to 1972
IUCN RedList status: Critically Endangered
The Lord Howe Island long-eared bat is only known from a single incomplete skull of indeterminate age (McKean, 1975). The species is possibly still extant as locals on Lord Howe Island have reported two different bats, but only a single species is known to be extant on Lord Howe Island (Hall et al. 2008). In addition, Etheridge (1889) reported two different bats as well, suggesting that the species only very recently became extinct, or still exists.
Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, Australia
Original scientific description:
McKean, J. L. (1975). The bats of Lord Howe Island with descriptions of a new Nyctophiline bat. Australian Mammalogy 1(4): 329-332. [Abstract]
Alcover, Josep Antoni et al. (1998). Mammal Species of the World: Additional Data on Insular Mammals. American Museum Novitates 3248, 29 pp., 1 table.
Armstrong, Kyle and Reardon, Terry. (2006). Standardising the common names of Australian bats – an update. The Australasian Bat Society Newsletter 26: 35-42. [automatic download]
Duncan, A., Baker, G. B. and Montgomery, N. (1999). The Action Plan for Australian Bats. Environment Australia, Canberra, Australia.
Etheridge, R. (1889). The general zoology of Lord Howe Island; containing also an account of the collections made by the Australian Museum Collecting Party, Aug.–Sept., 1887. Aust. Mus. Mem. 2(1): 1-42.
Hall, L., Lumsden, L. and Parnaby, H. (2008). Nyctophilus howensis. In: IUCN 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2011.1. (http://www.iucnredlist.org). Downloaded on 18 October 2011.
Kitchener, D. J., How, R. A. and Maharadatunkamsi. (1991). A new species of [i]Nyctophilus[/i] (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) from Lembata Island, Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 15(1): 97-107.
Parnaby, Harry E. (1988). Systematics of the Long-eared bat genus Nyctophilus. PhD thesis: School of Biological Sciences, University of New South Wales.
Parnaby, Harry E. (2009). A taxonomic review of Australian Greater Long-eared Bats previously known as Nyctophilus timoriensis (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae) and some associated taxa. Australian Zoologist 35(1): 39-81.
Richards, G. C. (1995). Lord Howe Island Bat, Nyctophilus howensis, pp. 506-507. In: Strahan, Ronald (ed.). The Mammals of Australia. Second Edition. Chatswood, N.S.W.: Reed Books. 756 pp.
Richards, G. C. 2008. Lord Howe Long-eared Bat Nyctophilus howensis. In The Mammals of Australia, 3rd edition, eds S. M. Van Dyck and R. Strahan, pp. 524. Sydney: New Holland.
Wilson, D.E. & Reeder, D.M. 2005 Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference. Third edition. Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press.
Woinarksi, John. (2013). Australian endangered species: Lord Howe Long-eared Bat. The Conversation, 14 November, available online: http://theconversation.com/australian-endangered-species-lord-howe-long-eared-bat-19977