The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Caprolagus hispidus Pearson, 1839:152

Hispid hare, Assam rabbit



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Lepus hispidus Pearson, 1839:152


Conservation Status

Rediscovered in 1971


IUCN RedList status: Endangered















Anonymous. (1964). A preliminary list of rare mammals including those believed to be rare but concerning which detailed information is still lacking. IUCN Bulletin 11(Special Supplement): 4 pp.

Anonymous. (1971). Pygmy hog and hispid hare. Oryx, J. Fauna Preserv. Sot., XI (2-3): 103-107.

Aryal, A., Brunton, D., Ji, W., Yadav, H. K., Adhikari, B., & Raubenheimer, D. (2012). Diet and habitat use of Hispid hare Caprolagus hispidus in Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Mammal Study, 37(2), 147-154.

Aryal A, Yadav HK (2010) First cameras trap sighting of critically endangered hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus) in Shuklaphanta wildlife reserve-Nepal. World Applied Science Journal, 9, 367–371.

BBC Wildlife. (1986). [article about the Hispid hare ([i]Caprolagus hispidus[/i])]. August, p. 396.

Bell, D. J., Oliver, W. L. R., and Ghose, R. K. (1991). The hispid hare, Caprolagus hispidus. In: J. A. Chapman and J. E. Flux (eds): Rabbits, Hares and Pikas: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland: 128-136.

Bell, D.J. (1986). A study of the Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus in Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Western Nepal: ‘A after burning report’. Dodo 23: 24–31.

Bell, D.J. (1987). Study of the Biology and Conservation Problems of the Hispid Hare. Final Report. University of East Anglia, England, 38 pp.

Bell, D.J., W.L.R. Oliver & R.K. Ghose (1990). The Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus. Rabbits, Hares and Pikas, pp. 128–136. In: Chapman, J.A. & J.E.C. Flux (eds.). Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.

Blandford, W. T. (1888). The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma - Mammalia. Taylor and Francis, London.

Choudhury, B. & U. Kumar (2009). A short note on rescue of a Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus) at Manas National Park. Zoos’ Print XXIV(8):

Dawson, M.R. (1971). Fossil mammals of Java. 1. Notes on Quaternary Leporidae Mammalia, Lagomorpha from central Java. Proceedings of Koninklijke Nederlandse Akaddemie van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam 74: 27−32.

Ghose, R. K. 1978. Observations on the ecology and status of the hispid hare in Rajagarh forest, Darrang District, Assam, in 1975 and 1976. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 75:206-209.

Jordan, M., Bhattacharyya, T. P., Bielby, J., Padmanabhan, P., Pillai, M., Nameer, P. O. and Ravikumar, L. (2005). Caprolagus hispidus (Pearson, 1839). In: S. Molur, C. Srinivasulu, B. Srinivasulu, S. Walker, P. O. Nameer and L. Ravikumar (eds), Status of the South Asia Non-volant Small Mammals: Conservation Assessment and Management Plan (C.A.M.P.) Workshop Report, pp. 618 pp.. Zoo Outreach Organisation/CBSG-South Asia, Coimbatore, India.

Khadka, Bed Bahadur et al. (2017). Rediscovery of the hispid hare ([i]Caprolagus hispidus[/i]) in Chitwan National Park, Nepal after three decades. Conservation Science 1: 10-12.

Maheswaran, G. (2002). Status and ecology of endangered Hispid hare Caprolagus hispidus in Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary, West Bengal, India. Wildlife Conservation Society, New York.

Maheswaran, G. (2013). Ecology and Conservation of Endangered Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus in India. Rare Animals of India, 1, 179.

Maheswaran, G. and Smith, A.T. (2008). Caprolagus hispidus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. ( Downloaded on 27 January 2014.

Mallinson, J. J. C. (1971). A note on the hispid hare Caprolagus hispidus (Pearson, 1839). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 68: 443-444.

Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund. (2015). Annual report 2015. Available from: [Accessed 14 January 2017]

Nath, N. K. (2015). Rapid Survey of Endangered Hispid Hare, Caprolagus hispidus in North Bank Landscape, North-East India. Indian Forester 141(10): 1029-1033.

Nath, N. K. and Machary, K. (2015). An ecological assessment of Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus (Mammalia: Lagomorpha: Leporidae) in Manas National Park, Assam, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(15): 8195-8204.

Nidup, Tshering. (2018). Endangered Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus - Pearson 1839) in the Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan. Journal of the Bhutan Ecological Society 3: 56-64.

Oliver, W. L. R. (1979a). The doubtful future of the pygmy hog and the hispid hare: pygmy hog survey report, part I. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Sot., 75 (2): 341-372.

Oliver, W. L. R. (1979b). Observations of the biology of the pygmy hog (with a footnote on the hispid hare): pygmy hog survey report, part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Sot. 76(2): 115-142.

Oliver, William L. R. (1980). The Pigmy Hog: the Biology and Conservation of the Pigmy Hog, Sus (Porcula) salvanius, and the Hispid Hare, Caprolagus hispidus. Special Scientific Report No 1. Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust. 80 pp.

Oliver, W. L. R. (1981). Pygmy hog and hispid hare: further observations of the continuing decline (or, a lament for Barnadi, and a good cause for skepticism). Dodo, J. Jersey Wildl. Preserv. Trust, 18: 10-20.

Oliver, William L. R. (1984). The distribution and status of the hispid hare, Caprolagus hispidus: the summarized findings of the 1984 pygmy hog/hispid hare field survey in northern Bangladesh, southern Nepal and northern India. Dodo, J. Jersey Wildl. Preserv. Trust, 21: 6-32.

Oliver, William L. R. (1985). The distribution and status of the hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus), with some additional notes on the pygmy hog (Sus salvanius)-a report on the 1984 field survey. (Unpubl.) rep. to Wildlife Preservation Trust: 94 pp.

Oliver, W. L. R. 1989. The pigmy hog and hispid hare: case histories of conservation problems and related considerations in north-eastern India. In: B. Allchin, E. R. Allchin and B. K. Thapar (eds), The Conservation of the Indian Heritage, pp. 67-82. Cosmo Press, New Delhi, India.

Pandya, N. P. (1990). Report on an initial survey of pygmy hog, [i]Sus salvanius[/i], and hispid hare, [i]Caprolagus hispidus[/i], and their habitat in Arunachal Pradesh, India during April 1990. (Unpubl.): 25 pp.

Ranjitsinh, M. K. (1972). A note on the future conservation plan for the pygmy hog ([i]Sus salvanius[/i]) and hispid hare ([i]Caprolagus hispidus[/i]; Pearson, 1839). (Unpubl.) D.O. No. 682/DSF 1023/72, Govt. of India.

Rastogi, S., R.K. Raj & B.K. Chauhan (2020). A rare camera trap record of the Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus from Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Terai Arc Landscape, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 12(14): 17024–17027. htps://

Santapau, H., and Humayun Abdulali (eds.). 1960. The hispid hare, Caprolagus hispidus (Pearson). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 57: 400-402.

Scott, Peter (ed.). (1965). Preliminary List of Rare Mammals and Birds, pp. 155-237. In: The Launching of a New Ark. First Report of the President and Trustees of the World Wildlife Fund. An International Foundation for saving the world's wildlife and wild places 1961-1964. London: Collins.

Tandan, P., & Dhakal, B. (2013). Population status, habitat utilization, distribution and conservation threats of hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus, Pearson, 1839) in Bardia National Park of Western Nepal. Tigerpaper, 40(4), 7-13.

Tandan, P., Dhakal, B., Karki, K., & Aryal, A. (2013). Tropical grasslands supporting the endangered hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus) population in the Bardia National Park, Nepal. Current Science (00113891), 105(5).

Tessier-Yandell, J. (1972). The Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus (Pearson, 1839). Cheetal 15(1): 34-36.

Yadav BP, Sathyakumar S, Koirala RK, Pokharel C (2008) Status, distribution and habitat use of hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus) in Royal Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Tiger paper 35(3), 8-14.


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