The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database

Mullerornis modestus (Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1869)

Elephant bird



Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aepyornis modestus Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1869:314; Mullerornis agilis Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894:125; Mullerornis betsilei Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894:125; Mullerornis rudis Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1894:125


Conservation Status


Last record: Holocene





Biology & Ecology










Goodman, S. M. (1999). Holocene bird subfossils from the sites of Ampasambazimba, Antsirabe and Ampoza, Madagascar:Changes in the avifauna of south central Madagascar over the past few millennia. In: Adams, N.J. & Slotow, R.H. (eds) Proc. 22 Int. Ornithol. Congr., Durban: 3071-3083. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

Hansford, James P. and Turvey, Samuel T. (2018). Unexpected diversity within the extinct elephant birds (Aves: Aepyornithidae) and a new identity for the world's largest bird. R. Soc. open sci. 5: 181295.

Hansford, James P. et al. (2018). Early Holocene human presence in Madagascar evidenced by exploitation of avian megafauna. Science Advances 4(9): eaat6925.

Torres, Christopher R. and Clarke, Julia A. (2018). Nocturnal giants: evolution of the sensory ecology in elephant birds and other palaeognaths inferred from digital brain reconstructions. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.1540 [Abstract]


<< Back to the †Aepyornithiformes (Elephant Birds) database