The Recently Extinct Plants and Animals Database


Aepyornis medius Milne-Edwards & Grandidier, 1866:97

Greater elephant bird

 

 

Taxonomy & Nomenclature

Synonym/s: Aepyornis grandidieri Rowley, 1867:892;

 

Conservation Status

 

 

Distribution

Madagascar

 

Biology & Ecology

 

 

Hypodigm

 

 

Media

 

 

References

Original scientific description:

Milne-Edwards, A. and Grandidier, A. (1866). Nouvelles observations sur les caractères Zoologiques et les affinités Naturelles de l'Aepyornis de Madagascar. In: Milne-Edwards, A. (1866-1869). Recherches sur la faune ornithologique éteinte des Îles Mascareignes et de Madagascar. Paris: E. Martinet.

 

Other references:

Angst, Delphine and Buffetaut, Eric. (Due October 2017). Palaeobiology of Extinct Giant Flightless Birds. ISTE Press.

Brodkorb, Pierce. (1963). Catalogue of fossil birds. Part 1 (Archaeopterygiformes through Ardeiformes). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 7, 4: 179-293.

Endo, H. et al. (2012). Coxa Morphologically Adapted to Large Egg in Aepyornithid Species Compared with Various Palaeognaths. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia 41(1): 31-40. [Abstract]

Hansford, James P. and Turvey, Samuel T. (2018). Unexpected diversity within the extinct elephant birds (Aves: Aepyornithidae) and a new identity for the world's largest bird. R. Soc. open sci. 5: 181295.

Hume, Julian Pender and Walters, Michael. (2012). Extinct Birds. London: T & AD Poyser.

Lambrecht, Kàlmàn. (1933). Handbuch der Palaeornithologie. Gebrüder Borntraeger, Berlin. 1024 pp.

Milne-Edwards, A. and Grandidier, A. (1894). Observations sur les Aepyornis de Madagascar. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences 118: 122-127.

Kieren J. Mitchell, Bastien Llamas, Julien Soubrier, Nicolas J. Rawlence, Trevor H. Worthy, Jamie Wood, Michael S. Y. Lee, Alan Cooper. Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution. Science, 2014 DOI: 10.1126/science.1251981

Rowley, G. D. (1867). On the egg of Aepyornis, the colossal bird of Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London [1867] (3): 892-895.

Worthy, Trevor H. (2009). Fossil Birds. In: Gillespie, R., Clague, D. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Islands. Encyclopedias of the Natural World, No. 2. University of California Press.

 

<< Back to the †Aepyornithiformes (Elephant Birds) database